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THE LIBRARY OF 
THE UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA 






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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/georgiaforestry06geor 



GEORGIA 
RESTR 



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REE FARMING - NEW VISTA FOR GEORGIA AGRICULTURE 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Ldltorlal 

South Georgia Forests Improved 



(From the Lowndes 
SOUTH GEORGIA has increased 
the pine saw timber in its forests 
by 15 per cent in 17 years. The 
number of trees now growing - saw 
timber and smaller - is half again 
as many as in 1934. 

This cheering news comes from a 
survey conducted by the U. S. 
Forestry service. The report 
shows that Georgia's timber in- 
dustry last year gathered 2,200, 
000,000 board feet, one-third 
more than it did only seven years 
ago. 

These gains were made while 
long-range forest depletion con- 
tinued in many Southern states. 
South Carolina lost 29 per cent 
of its saw timber during the 17- 
year period; Mississippi, 12; 
Florida 9, and Arkansas, 6. 

The report is not yet in for 
north Georgia. Experts fear it 
will show less gain than that for 
the southern half of the state 
because forest practices are said 



County News) 

to be less advanced. But the nor- 
thern region also is improving. 

For this trend we are indebted 
to forestry services, educational 
agencies, local governments, and, 
above all, to the farmers them- 
selves. 

Only a few years ago, forests 
were cut and burned with virtually 
no replacement. Now regular 
plantings, scientific cutting, 
improved naval stores processing 
and careful fire prevention are 
building back vital timberland 
which not only brings in cash but 
also conserves the soil and pro- 
tects the water table. 

Much work remains. Heavy cut- 
tings must be lessened and grad- 
ual i zed, overstocking must be 
halted, the war on forest fires 
must be redoubled. 

But South Georgia has given us a 
striking testament to what can be 
done. With her example, it should 
become easier each year to keep 
Georgia green. 



Vol. 6 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

January, 1953 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia. 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 1 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr. Alamo H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second-class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * » 

EDITOR R. E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITOR.- Patricia McKemie 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 404, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 

Washington 

. , ■ , ■ : 1 1 A r» / 



Great Debt 
Owed To Men 
Of the Forest 

(From the Atlanta Constitution) 

Though most of Georgia's fores" 
fires have died out, leaving only 
charred trees and ashes as re- 
minders of their destruction, it 
is not too late for praise for the 
men who keep such fires from doing 
even greater damage. 

Georgia's Forestry Department- 
the men in the forest towers and 
jeeps and woods all over the state 
- are at work constantly to con- 
serve our forests, whether fires 
rage or not. They work quietly 
and with little praise, but with- 
out them, little of our timber- 
land would survive. 

There was a time when we had no 
such forestry service in Georgia. 
When fires came, farmers took 
whatever weapons they could mus- 
ter to fight the blaze. Their 
efforts were unorganized, often 
without proper knowledge. 

Today, the forest rangers keep 
constant watch for fires, that 
they may be halted while they are 
small. They assist farmers in 
burning over land. They are ready 
with help or advice on any fores- 
try problems. 

So whether the fires are raging 
or not, we owe a great debt to this 
group. Their skills mean much to 
Georgians each year in timber 
conserved and replanted. 



Qua. Gov&i 

Georgia's bountiful new pro- 
gress in agriculture is featured 
by the advancement of Tree Farm- 
ing. With more than a million 
woodland acres now in certified 
Georgia Tree Farms, the state 
has passed another forestry mile- 
stone and sound forest manage- 
ment practices are being insti- 
tuted on a rapidly increasing 
number of woodland acres. 

The expansion of the Georgia 
Tree Farm System evidences the 
fact that the state' s landowners 
are becoming increasingly cogni- 
zant of the economic and social 
benefits of growing trees as a 
crop. 



JANUARY, 1953 



Kcefi Qieen 

Week Set 
QebiuGSiy 15-21 

Keep Georgia Green Week, as 
proclaimed by Governor Herman 
Tal madge , will officially begin 
February 15 and last through Feb- 
ruary 21, with special parades, 
dedication ceremonies, forestry 
programs and outings planned 
throughout the state. 

As the impetus of the obsrevance 
has grown year by year, Georgians 
have taken an ever increasing in- 
terest in the activities occurr- 
ing during this special forestry 
week. The 1953 observance will 
mark the sixth consecutive year 
the state has paid tribute to its 
trees. 

County Foresters and Rangers 
will take a leading part in the 
week long observance. All are 
preparing for ' 'open house' ' with 
invitations extended throughout 
the state for all to visit the 
County Forestry Unit headquar- 
ters, garages and towers for in- 
spection tours. County unit 
jeeps, plows, fire wagons and 
other equipment will be on dis- 
play for those interested in be- 
coming better acquainted with the 
machines used by the county's 
forest fire fighters. 

Countless ideas will be used 
for re-awakening public interest 
and support in the Keep Georgia 
Green program. Among the list of 
activities scheduled for the 
green week are: special editions 
of newspapers printed in all- 
green ink, radio programs fea- 
turing local Keep Green Council 
members and supporters of the 
forestry movement, parades made 
up of green floats portraying 
various phases of ''good forestry 
vs. shameful waste'', dedication 
of forestry buildings, towers 
and equipment; school, agricul- 
tural and other youth group pro- 
grams boasting the growing of 
tree crops, and civic and social 
club programs highl ighted by for- 
estry talks, film, exhibits and 
displays. 

All programs will be aimed at 
stressing individual responsibi- 
lity of each citizen in preventing 
forest fires, properly managing 
timberlands, and reforesting 
eroded and understocked lands. 



62 Woodlots Certified 

Georgia Tree Farms 
Top Million Acre Mark 



Georgia passed another forestry 
milestone recently as the state 
reached the one million acre mark 
in forest land qualifying and 
certified as Georgia Tree Farms, 
according to a joint announcement 
byGuyton DeLoach, Director of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, and 
Hugh W. Dobbs, President of the 
Georgia Forestry Association. 

DeLoach pointed out that the 
Georgia Tree Farms System began in 
1948 when the first certificate 
was issued to E. C. Fancher, of 
Pearson, on 200 acres of Forest 
land located in Atkinson County. 

Since the inception of the Geor- 
gia Tree Farms System in 1948, 
sixty-two certificates have been 
issued in the state on 1,017,572 
acres of Georgia timberland, rec- 
ognizing and honoring landowners 
who are adequately protecting and 
properly managing their woodlands. 

''The program in Georgia,'' De- 
Loach continued, ''has steadily 
climbed in acreage for the past 
five years, until recently certi- 
ficate nunler 62 was issued to 
Preston Stamps of Plainfield, who 
has properly protected and mana- 
ged his 1,694 Dodge county wood- 
land acres. ' ' 



Pecently 97 acres of Montgomery 
county forest land owned by H. V. 
Thompson, Ailey, have been certi- 
fied. Other new Tree Farm awards 
have been issued to B. R. Snooks, 
Ailey, on 300 Montgomery County 
acres; Rob White, Thomasville on 
1,100 woodland acres in Grady 
County, and G. N. Weatherly, McRae, 
owner of 5,000 acres in Laurens 
County. 

In Oglethorpe County, 1,174 
acres owned by the Georgia Forest 
Farms, Inc., Washington, Georgia, 
have metTreeFarm specifications. 
The Forest Farms have also had 
22,112 acres certified in Wilkes, 
Oglethorpe and Taliaferro coun- 
ties. 

R. E. Sullivan's 969 Sumter and 
Webster county acres have been 
designated as a Tree Farm area. 
Cyrene Turpentine Company, Bain- 
bridge, has been presented a Tree. 
Farm award for 1,346 Decatur 
County acres. Four thousand wood- 
land acres in Effingham County, 
owned by L. H. and G. W. Morgan, 
Springfield, have been approved 
for Tree Farm certificates. 

Dobbs stated that the Forestry 
Association was gratified by the 
(Continued on Page 9) 



GEORGIA' S NEWEST TREE FARMER, PRESTON STAMPS, OF PLAINFIELD 
Surveys One Of Many Firelines Cutting Through His 1,694 Woodland Acres 




I 







Men, Science, and Machines 



Production of forest tree seedlings in 
Georgia' s state nurseries is a mass oper- 
ation by men, science and machines. 

Upper left, tractor-powered lifter breaks 
ground under abed of seedlings. Upper right, 
crew gather seedlings for transfer to grad- 
ing shed. Right, Mack Neal, Superintendent, 
Davisboro, directs crews grading seedlings 
to eliminate defective trees. Lower left, 
seedlings are tied in bunches and, lower 
right, are packed in dampened moss water- 
proofed wrapping to insure survival. 







KEEP AMERICA GREEN 



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CHAPPELL COLLINS, GEORGIA' S 4-H NATIONAL FORESTRY CHAMP, 
SHAKES HANDS WITH WOODY, KEEP AMERICA GREEN' S CHIEF PROPONENT 

Collins National 4-H 
Forestry Winner 



For the third consecutive year, 
a Georgia farm youth has con- 
quered 4-H Club representatives 
from throughout theUnited States, 
and has been acclaimed national 
4-H forestry champion. 

Mitchell County's Chappell 
Collins, Jr., was awarded a $300 
scholarship during early Decem- 
ber as he topped the 4-H forestry 
competitors at the National 4-H 
Congress in Chicago and was named 
1952 champion. National 4-H 
awards are sponsored by American 
Forest Products Industries, Inc. 

As state winner of the tenth 
annual Georgia 4-H Club congress 
in Atlanta in October, Collins 
was presented an all-expense- 
paid trip to Chicago to compete 
for nationwide honors. The trip 
was awarded by Southern Bell Tele- 
phone Company, sponsors of the 
4-H forestry project in Georgia. 

Forest management on a 250-acie 
farm near Camilla served as the 
1952 forestry project for the 
national winner. This is the 
seventh year that Collins has had 
a forestry project, and last year 
he placed second in the Georgia 
state competitions. Other pro- 
jects that Collins has excelled 
in are corn, dairying, beef cattle 
and poultry. 

' 'Pruning of Pines' ' and its 
importance to the production of 
highest quality saw- logs, was 
the subject of Collins' lecture- 



demonstration at the national 
competitions. 

Collins is a twelfth grade stu- 
dent at Mitchell County Senior 
High School, and is vice president 
of the school's 4-H Club. 

Mitchell County Agent J. A. Maul- 
din has acted as advisor for Col- 
lins in 4-H work. 

Last year Willard Colston of 
Habersham County won the national 
award. The 1950 winner was Lynn 
Ogdon of Richmond County. 



Proclaimed 
QebuuiSuf, 20 

Thousands of Georgia school 
children take part February 20 in 
forestry observances throughout 
the state, celebrating the sixty- 
second anniversary of Arbor Day 
in Georgia. 

Special ceremonies are designed 
honor the state's ''green gold'' 
and the leading part trees play 
in our everyday lives and our 
state and nation's economy. 

County Foresters and Rangers 
will cooperate with teachers and 
school officials in planning the 
tree day activities, and will 
provide film, literature, dis- 
plays, exhibits and demonstra- 
tions. 

Prepared program suggestions 
are being offered by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission throughCounty 
personnel as an aid in planning a 
full and informative day dedica- 
ted to forestry. The program in- 
cludes a copy of the proclamation 
by Governor Herman Talmadge of- 
ficially declaring February 20 
as Arbor Day. Among the sugges- 
tions are forestry songs, Scrip- 
ture readings, poems and essays. 



SEVEN YEAR TERM FOR COMMISSIONER MCELRATH- -Governor Herman E. Tal- 
madge, right, swears in John E. McElrath, Macon, for a new full tenure 
term as a member of the Board of Commissioners, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission. McElrath, who has served on the Board since the inception of 
the Commission, was appointed by the Governor to succeed himself. 





\ 






COUNTY FORESTER 

J. C. BOWEN EXPLAINS 

BEN HILL WINDOW DISPLAY 



FITZGERALD HI CM SCHOOL BAND LEADS OFF BEN HILL PARA 



■:?*" 



■■ ■ ■ 



a 





STREET BANNER, PINE TREE LINED SIDEWALKS IN BEN HILL 
Lt. Governor Marvin Gri f f in Addresses Fi tzgerald Crowd 



Keep Gre 



Young green pines lining th 
sidewalks, store windows display 
ing greenery and forestry exhi 
bits, special newspaper edition 
printed in green ink, bands play 
ing, floats portraying fores 
scenes slowly winding throug 
business sections, crowds an> 
iously scanning the streets 
these were typical scenes throug} 
out Dodge, Pen Hill and Stephen 
counties recently as citizens i 
these localities held week Ion 
celebrations honoring their for 
ests. 

During late November and earl 
December these three counties s© 
aside a special week as Keep Gree 
week, and through hundreds c 
various ways sought the coopers 
tion and support of every citize 
in protecting their forestlanc 



TOP HONORS IN FITZGERALD PARADE GO TO FFA CLUB AND MONITOR HIGH SCHOOL FLOATS: STEPHENS COUNTY GREEN GOLD QUEENS BOBBY 





iCEY HIGH FFA-FHA FLOAT PLACES FIRST 



n Action 



ti ravages of fire, insects and 
ease, and improper management. 
1 Ben Hill a special Keep Ben 
1 County Green edition of the 

Hill Herald publicized for- 
ry activities, progress and 
is. Movies were shown to each 
nty school and hundreds of 
:es of literature were distri- 
;d. A county-wide essay con- 
: encouraged new respect for 
istry. 

Friday afternoon, more than 
:ore of forestry floats wound 
nigh downtown avenues showing 
/ phases of ''good vs. bad'' 
■stry practices, 
le F- F. A. Chapter float and 
Monitor, Lynwood and Queen land 
1 School floats topped the con- 
Entering two floats, th 

(Continued on Page 9) 



DODGE HIGH 

SCHOOL FLOAT 

IN EASTMAN PARADE 




■ 



tfTA 



CIVITAN CLUB FLOAT IN DODGE COUNTY CELEBRATION 
Warns "Enjoy Don't Destroy" Benefits Of Forests 



, TOCCOA HIGH SCHOOL, AND CAROLYN MCMURRY, STEPHENS COUNTY HIGH; RANGER OWEN DEAN REFRESHES SMOKEY FOR TOCCOA PARADE 



: #JI Mm 





"LIFE" GOES TO DAVISBORO- -Howard Sochurek, "Life" magazine photo- 
grapher, shoots Georgia's record crop of forest tree seedlings at 
Oavisboro nursery, which in one area is producing a crop of 10 million 
seedlings on eight acres. The nursery picture is due to be incor- 
porated into a "Life" feature edition on the econany of the nation. 



s4Srf& 'potently &ou>i4e 

''Marketing of timber is a 
matter of ' common sense ' , ' ' stated 
Nelson B. Blocker, of Southeas- 
tern Foresters, forest consul- 
tants of Jacksonville Beach, 
Florida, as he spoke on ''Market- 
ing of Forest Products' ' . 

' 'The Place of Naval Stores in 
Forest Management, Including the 
the 19530utlook' ' was the subject 
of a talk by A. R. Shirley, Sec- 
retary and Loan Manager, American 
Turpentine Farmers Association, 
Valdosta. 

The Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion's forestry program and over- 
all objectives were discussed by 
H. E. Buark, Assistant Director 
of the Commission in charge of 
Fire Control. 

Outdoor activities in the col- 
lege's farm forests followed the 
noon fish fry sponsored by Inter- 
national Paper Company, Union 
Bag and Paper Corporation, Amer- 
ican Turpentine Farmers Associa- 
tion, Brunswick Pulp and Paper 
Company, and Macon Kraft Company. 

The Tree Planting was under the 
direction of Vernon Yow, Profes- 
sor of Forestry, ABAC, Dorsey 
Dyer, State Extension Forester, 
and David Groom, Georgia Forestry 
Commission. 

Hugh Allen, Georgia Forestry 
Commission; Sam Lyle, Union Bag 
and Paper Corporation; F. J. 
Albrecht, Internation Paper Com- 
pany; John Sisley, Macon Kraft 
Company; and Cliff Fisher, Bruns- 



' 'Landowners of Georgia are 
fortunate in that they live in the 
fastest-growing forestry section 
of the United States ' ' 

''High dollar value is added to 
pine timber which is worked for 
naval stores before it is market- 
ed " 

''Last year the Georgia forestry 
industry produced an income of 
$600 million in the state, in- 
cluding the price of the products 
paid to landowners, and amount 
paid to workers and owners of tim- 
ber industries. Sixty-six thou- 
sand persons in the state are em- 
ployed in the forestry indus- 
tries ' ' 

These and other ' 'Forestry 
Facts'' were presented to more 
than 100 timberland owners and 
forestry advocates at the annual 
Abraham Baldwin Agricultural 
College short course on Forestry 
in Tifton during November. 

Dean T. M. Cordell, short course 
director at the college, is cre- 
dited with having arranged one of 
the most outstanding forestry 
sessions in the long line of an- 
nual events. 

The series of informative 
speeches followed the welcome 
extended by President George P. 
Donalson of ABAC. 

Norman R. Hawley, officer in 
charge of the Southeastern Forest 
Experiment Station near Cordele, 
explained the ''Potential of 
Georgia's Forests.'' 



McComb, Stone, 
Groom Promoted 
By Commission 

W. H. McComb, formerly First 
District Forester, Statesboro, 
has assumed duties as Assistant 
Director in charge of Management 
of the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion in Atlanta. 

Formerly James H. Hill served 
as Assistant Director in charge 
of both Nurseries and Management. 

In making the personnel change, 
Guyton DeLoach, Director of the 
Commission, stated that ''the 
Management and Nursery Depart- 
ments of the Commission have 
grown so consistently during the 
last two years, that each now 
needs full time supervision. ' 

McComb, veteran of nine years 
service in the Fifth District, was 
promoted effective January 1, 
1953. 

Walter N. Stone, Sixth District 
Forester, Milledgevil le, has been 
transferred to the First District 
as District Forester to replace 
McComb. Stone began duties with 
the Commission in June, 1949 and 
served as Emanuel County Forest 
Hanger before he was transferred 
to the Sixth District as Assist- 
ant District Forester in Charge 
of Management. He became Sixth 
District Forester in 1951. 

The new Sixth District Forester 
will be David G. Groom who has 
been Assistant District Forester 
in Charge of Fire Control for the 
Second District since July, 1951. 
Groom was first employed by the 
Commission in 1949 as an Assist- 
ant Forest Engineer. I ater he 
was transferred to Decatur County 
as County Forester. 

wich Pulp and Paper Company dir- 
ected the session in pulpwood. 

The Naval Stores exhibition was 
conducted by Walter Chapman, 
Agricultural Extension Service; 
E. E. Powers, and J. D. Strange, 
U. S. Forest Service Naval Stores 
Program. 

N. W. Hawley, Southeastern For- 
est Experiment Station, Cordele; 
and Frank Eadie, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, showed profitable 
methods of harvesting poles and 
saw timber. 



JANUARY, 1953 



*Jiie, dau+tdufL 



Foresters And Rangers In The News 



''In order for the Hall County 
Forestry Unit to be successful, 
we need the public's cooperation 
in reporting fires and in volun- 
teering to help put them out,'' 
John Wall, County Forest Ranger, 
recently explained to the Brook- 
ton Farm Bureau. As guest speaker 
of the meeting, Wall discussed 
the value of the County Forestry 
Unit to the citizens of the area. 



percent of the total acres need- 
lessly burned. ' ' 

Listing fire prevention pointers 
for the woodsmen, Knott pointed 
out that ' 'if these reminders are 
used it will save timber, grass, 
and game, as well as food for the 
game to eat. ' ' 

''When you hunt, please keep 
these safeguarsd in mind - 'Let's 
All Help Stop Forest Fires !" 





In Troup County, the spotlight 
recently was focused on efforts 
of the county's hunters to eli- 
minate costly forest fires, as 
County Ranger George M. Knott 
Summed up the results of fire 
safety measures exercised by hun- 
ters in the county' s woodlands. 

' 'Last year only 26 fires were 
caused by carelessness of hun- 
ters,'' the Unit head declared. 
' 'This loss represents about 10 



Lowndes County Ranger Walt W. 
Wright can be justifiably proud 
of the cooperative spirit exist- 
ing in his county. An example of 
just what a county can do when 
citizens put their minds, hearts, 
and pocket-books together is 
clearly shown by the new head- 
quarters and residence provided 
the Forestry Unit. 

The Hahira Gold Leaf recently 
reported ''in June the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, in coopera- 



tion with the Atlantic Coast Line 
Railroad-Lowndes County Demons- 
tration Forest, started construc- 
ting an office building complete 
with radio equipment, and a dwell- 
ing for the ranger on this tract 
of land. 

''The ACL gave permission to 
cut some timber, the Langdale 
Company sawed and dressed it, the 
Lerio Company gave a water pump, 
the local banks and a number of 
timber owners in the county made 
cash contributions, and now the 
modern office building is com- 
pleted. ' ' 

A carpenter was employed to 
supervise the building and all 
work was done by the Ranger and 
his patrolmen, when not on fire 
duty. The Gold Leaf stated that 
''they frequently worked extra 
hours without pay.' ' 

The buildings are located on 
the ACL— Lowndes County Demon- 
stration Forest, a tract of tim- 
ber land containing 490 acres 
owned by the ACL, and leased to 
the Valdosta and Lowndes County 
Chambers of Commerce. 



/« 






FIRST FULTON FOREST LOOKOUT TOWER DEDICATED- -Stonewal 1 
Tower, left, stands guard in South Fulton after christen- 
ing with a bottle of gum turpentine by Nap Rucker, Former 
Brooklyn Dodger pitcher and Fult, n Forestry Board member. 
At right, Forestry Board members Hershel Miller, John Lee 
and C. C. Nix climb tower steps for inspection tour con- 
ducted by County Forester W. G. Hyatt. Mrs. Helen D. Man- 
kin, Board Chairman, examines christening bottle with 
Rucker. Below, band strikes up a lively dedication tune. 



* 






I mm. 








NEWEST BANKERS FORESTRY PROJECT- -Earle Cocke, (left). President, 
Fulton National Bank, shows Guy ton DeLoach, Director, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, one of the 300 displays which Fulton National is 
placing in banks throughout Georgia. The displays carry pockets for 
literature distribution, and more than half a million pieces of lit- 
erature are currently being distributed in this manner over the state. 

SPGA Meet flanuGMf, 2f 



Discussion at the annual meet- 
ing of the Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association being 
held at the Atlanta Biltmore 
Hotel, Atlanta, Georgia, Janu- 
ary 20 and 21, will describe in 
detail what the southern pulp 
and paper industry is doing a- 
bout its future pulpwood supply 
from non-company owned lands, 
according to H. J. Malsberger, 
General Manager. 

More than one hundred conser- 
vation foresters currently em- 
ployed by the industry to provide 
forestry services to landowners 
will discuss their problems on 
the afternoon of January 20 

Three panels are arranged, one of 
which is to outline a new method 
of sampling pulpwood cuttings to 
check compliance with voluntarily 
accepted cutting standards and the 
other two will cover the fields of 
publicizing the Association's con- 
servation work and how management 
services are provided by the var- 
ious members. 

The annual meeting on January 
21 will likewise be divided into 
four panel discussions with ele- 
ven panel members participating. 



These panels following the re- 
ports of the President and the 
General Manager, will cover acti- 
vities in the fields of informa- 
tion and education, management 
services to landowners, and how 
the industry lets the landowner 
and public know what it is doing 
in encouraging the wise use of 
the tree crop. The concluding 
panel will outline how the Asso- 
ciation determines the progress 
and effectiveness of the entire 
conservation program engaged in 
by the pulp and paper industry. 
President Earl Porter and Vice- 
President A. G. Curtis will be 
the moderators for these panels. 



( Continued From. Page 6) 
FFA chapter contrasted a healthy 
growth of pines with the result 
of carelessness. 
Marching smartly at the head of 
the parade was the Fitzgerald Hiph 
School band with the Monitor High 
school band in the middle of the 
parade line. 

As the parade ended at the court 
house, Mayor J. C. McDonald, Fitz- 
gerald, introduced Lieutenant 
Governor Marvin Griffin, whose 
forestry address climaxed the 
days activities. 

In Podge, Roy Harris of Augusta 
was guest speaker following the 
parade led by the Eastman High 
School Band. 

The Times-Journal published 
another Keep Green Edition urging 
preservation of income-producing 
trees and pointing out the impor- 
tance of protecting Todge County's 
forests from fire. 

In Stephens County two Green 
Gold Queens were crowned during 
the Keep Green week. Named to 
reign over the week's festivities 
were Miss Bobbie Jean Payne of 
Toccoa High School and Miss Caro- 
lyn McMurry of Eastanollee. 

A full-lenpth forest fire fight- 
ing film, ' 'Fed Skies of Montana' ' , 
was seen by a packed house at the 
Pitz Theatre, scene of the beauty 
contest. Forestry exhibits held 
the spotlight in many public 
places. 

ArborDay in the county was cele- 
brated on Friday by mass plant- 
ings of forest trees by school 
students. Twelve schools parti- 
cipated in planting 10,000 pine 
and maple seedlings. 

Green forestry floats highlighted 
Toccoa's Saturday Christmas Parade. 



Tree Farms... 

( Continued Fr 
great forestry progress made in 
Georgia, and added, ''We in the 
Association are proud to be one of 
the sponsors of this program de- 
signed to encourage Georgia's 
landowners to maintain or increase 
the value of their tree crop, so 
that the forests of the State will 
be a perpetual source of income to 
their owners and to the many thou- 
sands of Georgians employed dir- 



on Page 2) 
ectly or indirectly in harvesting 
or processing that crop. 

In recognition of the economic 
values of Georgia's forest re- 
sources, the Georgia Forestry 
Commission and the Georgia Fores- 
try Association jointly sponsor 
the Georgia Tree Farms System in 
cooperation with the American 
Forest Products Industries, Inc., 
and the Southern Pine Association. 




fc*V •• r- *"!$ " ■ i ? " ^ v v . town w v --' ' 



CONES FOR FUTURE TREE CROPS 



More than 19,000 bushels of pine 
cones have been collected and are 
being processed in the Commis- 
sion's vast new project to insure 
a continuous supply of good quali- 
ty seed for planting in future 
years in the expanded nursery 
program. At left, above, a sea 
of cones covers the floor of 
Baxley's giant Big Dixie Tobacco 



Warehouse prior to processing 
by the seed extractor. Right, 

above, is one side of the interior 
of the new Macon cone shed with 
cones drying in racks. At right, 
J. L. Townsend, Appling County, 

collects a bag of seed removed 
from cones by the newly purchased 
seed extractor. Below, workmen in 
the Baxley Cone shed are removing 



cone racks for shaking to extract 
seed. Lower right, is the overall 
outside view of the Commission 
Macon cone shed. 



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GEORGIA 



FORESTRY 




FEBRUARY, 1953 




IOREST INDUSTRIES - CORNERSTONE OF GEORGIA ECONOMY 



Editorial 



Work, Not Luck, Prevents Fires 



(From the Rome News Tribune) 

Some folks have been saying 
Floyd County was lucky to escape 
serious forest fires during the 
recent disaster in North Georgia. 

Lucky'? 



Maybe so. But we think the pre- 
vention of forest fires is not so 
much a matter of luck, as it is of 
coordination, cooperation, and 
understanding. 

There are five principal agen- 
cies that joined to prevent ser- 
ious forest fire loss in Floyd 
County. They are the foresters; 
the county commission; the law 
enforcement officers; the jud- 
ges; and the media of public in- 
formation. 

Foresters of the state, federal 
government, and private agencies 
join together in a program of 
of conservation and fire protec- 
tion. The county commission has 
made available funds and equip- 
ment to carry on the work, and to 
fight fires. Law enforcement of- 



ficers have been prompt to make 
arrests in cases of law violation. 
Our judges have seen that offen- 
ders are punished. And the news- 
paper and radio stations have 
helped inform the public. 

Wilful setting of forest fires 
is a criminal act. It is equally 
criminal if fires are set through 
carelessness. A man can destroy 
his own property, if he wants to, 
but he cannot destroy the proper- 
ty of others. 

Forest fires result in direct 
and indirect losses. To burn 
timber is to burn money. Fut burn- 
ing woodlands also means a loss 
of soil and water resources, and 
a loss of recreational facilities. 

A sound, workable program of 
of conservation and fire preven- 
tion means millions of dollars to 
our area. These people who have 
worked so cooperatively and so 
diligently to prevent forest fires 
in our county deserve commenda- 
tion and thanks from everyone. 



Vol. 6 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

February, 1953 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia. 
Guy ton DeLoach, Director 



No. 2 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Vain Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr. Alamo H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second-class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR R. E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITOR.... Patricia McKemie 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES. GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newman 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



Far-Seeing 

Landowners 
Plant Trees 

(From the Moultrie Observer) 

The largest crop of forest tree 
seedlings ever grown in the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission nurser- 
ies is nowbeing del ivered to land- 
owners over the state at a rate of 
approximately three million young 
trees a week. 

Georgia's seedling production 
reached its record breaking peak 
this year with the Davisboro. 
Herty and Hightower nurseries 
shipping enough strong, healthy, 
disease-free seedling to refor- 
est more than 66,890 acres of 
Georgia's idle forest land. 

This all time high production 
figure will again place Georgia 
in the lead among Southern states 
in seedling production by state 
nurseries. Georgia has been a 
consistent leader in reforesta- 
tion with more than 340,000 waste 
acres planted to trees since the 
state nursery program began in 
the state, and with more than 
175,000 acres replanted in the 
last four years. 

Georgia has long been a leader 
in the reforestation program that 
is coming to mean so much to the 
wealth of our state. Much of the 
idle land is being planted in 
seedlings and with the favorable 
growing conditions that prevail 
here, these young trees will soon 
be bringing in large cash returns 
to the landowners who are far- 
seeing enough to have a part in 
the program. 

The growing of trees in Georgia 
is no longer a haphazard thing. 
We have come to realize that trees 
can be grown like any other crop 
and this knowledge is paying off. 



Oun, Coven 



Standing as a principal factor 
in the total state economy, Geor- 
gia' s more than 3050 torest in- 
dustries are located throughout 
tne Lmpire State and contribute 
substantially to the economic 
well-being of all 159 counties, 
fcvery county has one or more for- 
est industries with this gigantic 
industry chain comprising a $600 
million a year business. 



FEBRUARY, 1 953 



Protection Bet 
fyosi Qwinmtt, 

jbocty tfatedtd 

Gwinnett and Dooly counties, 
with a combined forest area of 
251,007 acres, are the 120th and 
121st counties respectively to 
sign agreements with the Georgia 
Forestry Gommission for partici- 
pation in the state forest fire 
protection program. Gounty For- 
estry Units in these counties 
will be established July 1, 1Q53. 
The state forestry program now 
incorporates more than 20 1 : mil- 
lion woodland acres and is ex- 
pected to include more than 22 
million acres with the addition 
of eighteen other counties join- 
ing the programby July 1, by which 
date Georgia will likely lead the 
nation in the number of forest 
acres included in state forestry 
programs. 

Tower sites in each county are 
now being satH«ey and towers will 
be erected in the near future and 
appointment of County Forestry 
Foard members and a County For- 
ester or Forest Panger for each 
county will be made by Commission 
Director Guyton Deloach. 

ONE OF MANY GEORGIA FOREST AND 
Union Bag and Paper Corporat 



Promise For The Future 

Forest Industries Lead 
Construction Investments 



Potentialities of Georgia's 
present and future forest crops 
were recognized and strongly 
emphasized in the state's eco- 
nomy during 1952 as forest and 
forest products industries in 
the state budgeted more money 
for expansion and construction 
purposes than in any other field 
of industry. 

Of the approximately $185 mil- 
lion total industrial expansion 
and construction investment in 
Georgia during last year, indus- 
tries relying on Georgia's for- 



Every county in the state has 
one or more wood using industries, 
and during the year scores of 
small companies set aside thou- 
sands of dollars for expansion 
programs, and many new, small in- 
dustries located manufacturing 
plants in the state. In addition, 
many individual corporations in- 
vested millions of dollars in 
single operations. 

Large concerns establishing 
forest product plants in Georgia 
during 1952, or preparing for 
construction, were the Rome Kraft 



ests for manufacturing materials Company (Mead Corporation) , Rome, 



accounted for more than $ 127, 205, 
000 in new plants, expansions 
under construction, and in build- 
ing plans announced. 

The industrial investment in 
Georgia's forest wealth will have 
far reaching effects with greatly 
increased employment provided 
for many types of workers of all 
ages, improved products available 
on a local market, and improved 
state and local services result- 
ing from the increased trade 

the 



JZtf million; the National Con- 
tainer Corporation, Valdosta, 
$25 million ; Rayon ier, Incorpor- 
ated, Doctortown, $29 million; 
Georgia Furniture Manufacturing 
Company, Atlanta, $75 ,000; Ander- 
son McGriff, Atlanta, $80,000 
and Albany Cleat Company, Albany 
$50,000. 

Expansion programs boosted the 
total forest investment figure 
as Union Rag and Paper Corpora- 
tion at Savannah undertook a $25 

(Continued on Page 9) 



dollars flowing into the state 

FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRIES EXPANDING PLANT FACILITIES DURING 1952 
ion, Savannah, is undertaking a $25 million plant addition 
















~S2E?SX£ ^.^5 






GEORGIA FORESTRY 






"Forest fire prevention" and 
"Keep Green" were watchwords in 
many Georgia localities during 
the period February 15-21 as 
the state celebrated the annual 
Keep Georgia Green Week. 

Responding to Governor Tal- 
madge's proclamation setting a- 
side the week as a time for dem- 
onstrating and emphasizing in 
word and deed the great and in- 
creasing necessity for wise con- 
servation and use of the state's 
woodlands, groups from Rabun Gap 
to Tybee Light, in towns and 
cities as well as in rural areas, 
participated in the festivities. 

The importance of woodlands to 
other phases of agricultural life 
was pointed out to farm groups 
as meeting topics emphasized the 
Keep Green theme. Forest fires 
destroy thousands of acres of 



woodlands annually and thereby 
deprive landowners of that cash 
return, as well as the protection 
those woodlands would have af- 
forded the farmer's other lands 
as a bulwark against erosion and 
floods. 

The observance served as an im- 
petus to the current forest fire 
prevention Keep Georgia Green 
Contest sponsored by the Georgia 
Forestry Association. Increased 
concentration was placed on the 
Contest's objective of enriching 
Georgia's forest wealth by in- 
stilling a competitive spirit 
among counties to stop forest 
fires from each year destroying 
valuable timberland. 

Mass tree plantings accompanied 

the fire prevention theme as Arbor 

Day programs were held February 

20. The state's school children 

{Continued on Page 9) 



Forest Farmers 
Plan Conference 

Lumber's Increasing Responsi- 
bility in the Nation's Economy'' 
is the theme of the 1953 Southern 
Forestry Conference of the Forest 
Farmers Association, Valdosta, 
to be held in Pensacola, Florida, 
on March 5 and 6, according to 
announcement by J. Walter Myers, 
Jr. , Association Executive -Sec- 
retary. 

The lumber industry's contri- 
bution to forest development in 
the South, the industry's future 
role in this field, and numerous 
other forestry topics of current 
importance to all southern tim- 
berland owners will be presented 
at the meeting, according to 
Forest Farmers President J. V. 
Whitfield of Rurgaw, North Caro- 
lina. 

Pensacola headquarters will be 

the San Carlos Hotel. Tours, in- 
cluding a visit to the St. Regis 
Paper Company's mill near Pensa- 
cola, and a special program for 
the ladies, are planned for con- 
ferees. 



FORESTRY SCRAPBOOK FOR THE GOVERNOR- -Governor 
Herman Talmadge, recent winner of one of the Amer- 
ican Forestry Association' s Forestry Conservation 
Awards, is presented the scrapbook which introduced 
him for the award nomination. Hugh W. Dobbs, Pres- 
ident of the Georgia Forestry Association, delivers 
the book prepared by his Association. Looking on, 



left to right, are J. M. McElrath; Guyton DeLoach, 
Director, Georgia Forestry Commission; B. M . Luf- 
burrow, Executive Secretary of the GFA; and C. M. 
Jordan Jr. McElrath and Jordan serve on the Board 
of Directors, Georgia Forestry Association, and 
are members of the Board of Commissioners, Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 




FEBRUARY, 1 953 



St. (Zecfid Setd 
ScJuUc^idJupd 

Five undergraduate scholar- 
ships and one graduate scholar- 
ship in forestry effective in the 
academic year 1953-1954 have been 
established by the St. Regis 
Paper Company, with three of the 
undergraduate scholarships avail- 
able in the South, and one each 
awarded to the Northwest and 
Northeast. 

The University of Georgia, the 
University of Florida, and Ala- 
bama Polytechnic Institute are 
recipients of the Southern scho- 
lorships. The scholarship avail- 
able for undergraduates in the 
Northwest will be either the Uni- 
versity of Washington or Oregon 
State College, while the North- 
east scholarship will be used at 
the University of Maine, Univer- 
sity of New Hampshire, University 
of Massachussetts or New York 
State College of Forestry. 

The single graduate scholar- 
ship, valued at % 1,000 is being 
offered to first degree holders 
planning to take graduate work at 
any accredited school of forestry 
in the United States. It covers 
only one year and the award winner 
is expected to direct his studies 
along lines of value to the pulp 
and paper industry. 

Each undergraduate scholarship 
amounts to $800 a year for a per- 
iod of two years, and will be 
awarded to an outstanding junior 
student in forestry at one of 
these schools. Selection of for- 
estry scholarship winners in the 
South will be made by a committee 
composed of the regional forester 
of the United States Forest Ser- 
vice at Atlanta; the respective 
state forester, and Albert Ernest, 
vice president of St. Regis Paper 
Company in charge of Southern 
woods operations. 

The company plans to offer to 
each of the undergraduate scholar- 
ship winners employment during 
the intervening summer on some 
forestry project. Their con- 
tinuance as recipients during 
the senior year will depend upon 
their record in the field as well 
as in school. 



Pulpwood Meet Stresses 
Public Relations Method: 



"Fight fire, cut wisely, plant 
trees, and tell the world about 
it, "were the words of advice 
given by Earl Porter in his Pres- 
ident' s Address to the more than 
375 members and guests attending 
the annual meeting of the Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Association 
held in Atlanta, January 21. 

Public relations methods took 
the spotlight as the meeting 
featured the various types of 
Association activities designed 
to achieve the objective of help- 
ing to grow trees on the "other 
fellow's land " and discussions 
pointed out the effectiveness of 
this effort and its reception by 
tree growers. 

An added attraction of the 
meeting was the gathering of mem- 
ber conservation foresters and 
others doing similar work on the 
afternoon preceeding the annual 
convention as they sought to con- 
solidate working ideas. More than 
100 foresters currently employed 
by the industry to provide for- 




RETIRING PRESIDENT EARL PORTER 
plans "Services to Landowners" 
panel with Howard J. Doyle, left, 
and Charles Jones, right. 

estry services to landowners dis- 
cussed their problems at this 
meeting. 

Three panel discussions held 
that afternoon included ' 'Ex- 
planation of Sampling Procedure' ' , 
by H. M. Roller, Jr., Interna- 
tional Paper Company; ''How Do 
You Tell Our Story?" , with Ralph 
A. Davis, Jr., SPCA, serving as 
moderator and including panel 
members Charles W. Robertson, In- 
ternational Paper Company, Joe 
G. Purns, Hollingsworth and Whit- 



ney Company, Manton R. Frierson, 
West Virginia Pulp and Paper Com- 
pany, and J. Ray Orr, Champion 
Paper and Fibre Company; and con- 
cluding panel, ''How Do You Pro- 
vide Management Services to Land- 
owners?' ' , moderated by Howard J. 



4Bk 




NEWLY ELECTED SPCA PRESIDENT 
C. H. Niederhof, left, talks 
with S. K. Hudson. 

Doyle, SPCA, with panel members 
Al Herring, International Paper 
Company, D. V. Willett, Gulf 
States Paper Corporation, E. A. 
Hall, Container Corporation of 
America, and Ben L. Allen, Camp 
Manufacturing Company, Inc. 

The Delegates' Dinner Meeting 
highlighted the evening's enter- 
tainment and delegates represent- 
ing each member mill reviewed the 
Association's projects as they 
relate to their individual areas. 

The Presidents' Address by Earl 
Porter of International Paper Com- 
(Continued on Page 10) 

R. V. MILES JR. , VICE PRESIDENT 
of SPCA for 1953, addresses meet- 
ing as A. G. Curtis looks on. 




TMC ATUWTA ..' 
BILTMORE HOTEL ; 

WELCOMES ' 






\ ft 




Forestry Is Feature 
Of C Of C Contest 



■ 

SIGN OF PROGRESS—Attractive 
new green, white and gold signs 
now mark headquarters of Georgia' s 
10 forestry districts. This sign 
is posted on the Rome- Lafayette 
Highway at the newly-completed 
Rome District Office. 



Forestry will play an important 
part in the ' 'Contest of Coun- 
ties'' currently sponsored by the 
Georgia State Chamber of Commer- 
ce. Through its 1953Agricultural 
Goal Contest, the State Chamber 
will stress efficient farm opera- 
tion, efficient crop utilization 
and increased production in an 
effort to increase rural income. 

Four of the 14 fields of en- 
deavor deal with improving Geor- 
gia's forests. The four forestry 
project goals for 19S3 are to 
plant 100 million pine and other 
forest seedlings; to bring 20 
additional counties under forest 
fire protection; to place 200,000 
more acres under improved timber- 
cutting practices; and to put 
100,000 more idle acres to work 
growing trees. 

Other farm projects seek to in- 
crease production and income from 
poultry, pork, fruits, nuts and 



TREE PLANTINGS MARK ARBOR DAY IN GEORGIA- -Scenes such as this 
greeted the eye in many parts of the state on Friday, February 20, 
as schools, youth and civic groups marked their annual observance 
of Arbor Day with special' programs featuring tree planting ceremonies. 
Here 4-H Club members at Greene County's Union Point High School 
hand-plant pine seedlings under the direction of County Ranger Her- 
bert E. Moore, standing fourth f r on left. Looking on left to right 
standing, are Henry Rikard, County Agent, Carson Durham, member of 
the Greene County Forestry Board, and H. R. Sims, Principal of the 
Union Point High School. The planting team in action includes Mal- 
colm Carson, wielding the dibble, and Bill Carson. 




vegetables, and to improve pas- - 
tures , other farm lands and farm- 
ing methods. Competing counties 
are required to adopt practical 
goals for 1953 and to organize 
action to assure reaching these 
goals. 

On the County level, Mobiliza- 
tion Committees throughout the 
dcate will conduci, contest acti- 
vities, with County Foresters and 
Forest Pangers, and other agri- 
cultural agencies cooperating. 

Goals for 1953 and agricultural 
records for 1953 were filed with 
the Atlanta office of the Georgia 
Chamber of Commerce prior to Dec- 
ember 30, 1952 by all cooperating 
Mobilization Committees. Be- 
tween January 1 and February ], 
1Q54 each committee will forward 
to the same office its actual 
accomplishments toward these 
goals. Experienced agricultural 
specialists will then evaluate 
work in each county, as compared 
to the other 15R counties on both 
a percentage of increase and 
amount of increase basis. That 
county with the combination of 
highest goals and highest record 
of achievement will be declared 
Georgia's 1953 award County for 
agricultural advancement, and 
four large attractive all metal 
signs, suitable worded, will be 
erected at major highway entranc- 
es into the county. Fach member 
of each planning committee at- 
taining the goals it set for 1953 
will be presented a handsome, 
framed citation at a statewide 
dinner to be held in March, 1954- 

The Agricultural Division of 
the Chamber of Commerce, with 
Albert G. Swint serving as Chair- 
man, is conducting the contest. 
Committees making up this Divi- 
sion include: Forestry, Fetter 
Farm Living, Crops, Horticulture, 
land Use, Livestock and Poultry. 
Members of the Forestry Committee 
are George Fazemore, Chairman, 
B. Ernest Allen, Guyton Peloach, 
Hugh W. Dobbs, J. D. Fountain, Jim 
Fowler, Edward Hawes, W. P. Mine, 
E. T. Hudson, B. M. I.uf burrow, 
Henry Malsberger, pruce McGregor, 
Pobert H. Rush, and J. C. Vinson. 



FEBRUARY, 1 953 



WotuL B«*Me* Smokey s 1953 Pledge 



Convicted, 



Rapid, intensive, vigorous en- 
forcement of Georgia' s forest fire 
laws was dramatically emphasized 
recently with the apprehension 
and conviction of a willful woods 
burner in. Floyd County. 

The incendiarist pled guilty to 
setting 11 woods fires in the 
vicinity of the New Prospect Bapt- 
ist Church. He was apprehended at 
the scene of the set fires by the 
coordinated efforts of a tower- 
man, air patrol plane and forest 
fire investigator. 

Judge H. E. Nichols sentenced 
the fire-setter to serve 12 months 
in the Floyd Public Works Camp 
and either pay court cost or serve 
an additional six months in jail. 
The latter six months are to be 
served on probation after payment 
of court costs. 

The first fire was spotted in 
the early afternoon by the Mt. 
Alto towerman, who, through use 
of two-way radio called in an air 
patrol plane being used by Polk 
County Forest Banger James Carter 
and his crews fighting a fire near 
the Polk-Floyd line which threat- 
ened to burn into Polk County. 
State Fire Investigator Bob 
Gore, of the Rome Forestry Dis- 
trict, arrested the incendiarist 
near the scene of the last fire 
set, while the airplane flying 
above ' 'pinned him down' ' . 



P/ease... 

help people be 
more careful ! 




"I Will Be Careful" 
CFFP Campaign Theme 



' 'Please . . . help people be 
more careful!'' are words that 
will be seen in every forest, 
park, school, courthouse, bus and 
newspaper this year as the 1953 
Cooperative Forest Fire Preven- 



13 x 18/4 inches, and are available 
in paper, cardboard, waterproof 
cardboard, and one and two column 
newspaper mats. 

Smokey and his bear friends 
raise their right hand and take 




tion Campaign again presents 
Smokey asking for public coopera- 
tion in stopping forest fires. 

Posters, mats, displays, stamps 
car cards, blotters, bookmarks, 
and radio platters will bring the 
prevention message to thousands 
of Georgians and millions of 
Americans through this campaign 
sponsored by State Foresters in 
cooperation with the U. S. For- 
est Service. 

The Campaign Basic Poster shows 
Smokey reverently asking ' 'Please 
. . .help people be more careful! ' ' 
The background depicts a burned 
forest, and two small bears point 
out the wildlife loss caused by 
fire.. 

' 'Promise that you will be care- 
full with matches, with smokes, 
with camp fires, with any fire'' 
is Smokey' s next request on the 
Fire Prevention Rules Poster. 
Pules are emphasized by one of 
Smokey' s fellow fire conscious 
bears acting out each of the rules. 

The Basic Poster and the Rules 
Poster are printed in four colors, 



the conservation oath asking 
that you ''Repeat after me: I 
will be Careful,'' on the Smokey 
Bear ''Pledge'' Easel. Printed 
on heavy cardboard in four colors, 
size 12 x 14 inches, the easel is 
sel f- standing and is ideal for 
display in banks, store windows 
and other public places. 

Car and bus cards reemphasize 
the ' 'Please Help People Be More 
Careful! ' ' request. The cards are 
21 x 11 inches and 28 x 11 inches, 
printed for nation-wide display 
in Transit Ad space and are avail- 
able in limited quantities for 
special use. 

''Promise You Will Help'' asks 
the colorful ''Pledge'' poster 
stamps for stationery. Stamps 
are prepared in sheets of 56, size 
2xl'< inches each. The design is 
adapted for two-color bookmarkers, 
and blotters, ft/i x 2% inches each. 

Requests for free CFFP mater- 
ials should be addressed to the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
State Capitol , Atlanta, Georgia 



GEORGIA FOR ESTR Y 



Superior 
Of Research 



Future generations of Georgians 
may be the possessors of superior 
strains of pine trees that have 
outstanding growth, form, and 
disease-resisting features, if 
experiments carried on by the For- 
est Tree Improvement Project cf 
the Ida Cascn Calloway Foundation 
prove successful. 

The project was established in 
early 1950 by Mr. and Mrs. Cason 



Aim 
Project 




YOU CAN SEE THE DIFFERENCE- - 
James T. Greene, Foundation For- 
ester, compares a superior seed- 
ling, left, with an average for- 
est seedling. 

J. Callaway, Hamilton, Georgia, 
with the aid and guidance of the 
Southeastern Forest Fxperiment 
Station of the U. S. Forest Ser- 
vice, Asheville, N. C. , and is 
based on the theory that timber 
and its products play such a major 
part in the economy of the South 
that the development of a superior 
strain of timber trees will great- 
ly bolster this important indus- 
try. 

Work at present is centered on 
pines, but may later be enlarged 
to include improvement of certain 
hardwoods. Through the U. S. 
Forest Service, the work at Plue 
Springs Farms is correlated to 
genetics studies of government 
andprivate agencies in theUnited 
States and abroad. 



The process of acquiring a sup- 
erior pine tree includes the se- 
lection and propogation of natur- 
ally superior individuals, and 
the hybridizing of superior in- 
dividuals by a combination of 
crosses between the four major 
species of pine in Georgia, i.e. , 
slash, loblolly, longleaf, and 
short leaf pine. 

Early in 1950 some superior 
pines of these species were se- 
lected for study. Pollen was 
collected from some of these in- 
dividuals and the first series of 
cross-pollenations began. Almost 
300 superior pine trees have been 
selected, marked, measured, and 
used as seed sources, with about 
200 cross-pollenations made to 
produce seed of a hybrid nature. 

Selections have been made on 
the basis of the superiority of 
an individual tree over any other 
trees in its vicinity within the 
various stands of pines available, 
with consideration given to fac- 
tors of growth in diameter and 
height, crown form, limb size, and 
resistance to disease. 

Cross-pollenations made for 
the past three seasons have shown 
satisfactory results from a seed 
production standpoint. Seed col- 
lected from the natural selection 
of superior trees and seed re- 
sulting from hybridizing have 
been grown in nurseries for two 
seasons. 

Standard nursery practices are 
closely followed in construction 



4t& ?vie&t'ut 

^adfo Se>ice4 
IReCetuecC 

Jelly Elliott and his ^notheads 
for the fourth year will send hill- 
billy music and forest fire pre- 
vention messages throughout Geor- 
gia, as the 1953 series of recorded 
programs are released to Georgia 
radiostations during February. 

The 13-week hillbilly music 
series features Jelly Elliott, 
who interprets technical forestry, 
wildlife, soil and water conser- 
vation ideas into rural "lingo'*, 
and explains the why and how of 
conservation and woods fire pre- 
vention. 

' ' Knot.heads' ' playinp with 
Elliott are Charlie Stuckey, bass 
fiddle, Fob Henderson, fiddle, 
Pay Parker, rhythem guitar, and 
Hermon Populus, steel guitar. 
Elliott and the "Knotheads'' do 
vocal solos and combine for duets, 
trios and quartets. 

The 1953 programs are another 
project conducted in cooperation 
with all states by the U. S. For- 
est Service through its division 
of cooperative Forest Fire Pre- 
vention. 

of seed beds, preparation of soil , 
and other details of seedling 
production. For a more compre- 
hensive study, seed from other 
sources have been grown along 
with the local collections. Twen- 



(Continued on Page 10) 

SUPERIOR AND CHECK SEEDLINGS GROW IN ADJOINING NURSERY BEDS 
Germination percentages and growth rates can be readily compared 



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FEBRUARY, 1 953 



Foresters And Rangers In The News 



County and District forestry 
personnel of the First District 
met inStatesboro to outline plans 
for an intensive campaign to con- 
trol forest fires and to aim for 
the $1,000 county prize which 
will go to the first place winner 
in the Keep Georgia Green contest 
sponsored by the Georgia Forestry 
Association. 

The Rangers and Foresters are 
going all out in trying to make one 
of the counties in the First Dis- 
trict the state contest winner, 
and the fire fighters emphasized 
that the 11,000 prize is only part 
of the reward. 




tjlV#»f 



Banger W. V. Strickland of the 
Perrien County Forestry Unit re- 
cently received commendation for 



his Unit's quick, effective fire 
suppression work. 

Lowell K. Halls, Pange Con- 
servationist of the Southeastern 
Forest Experiment Station, Tif- 
ton, wrote ' 'We certainly ap- 
preciate the manner in which your 
fire control unit came to our aid 
in a recent outbreak of fires at 
our range grazing project at 
Alapaha. Within thirty minutes 
from the time that we called your 
unit, they were at our Station 
prepared to combat the fire. If 
we had not received such prompt 
service and efficient work upon 
your arrival, the project would 
have suffered untold damage. 

' 'The extremely dry conditions 
that existed at that time, ' ' Con- 
servationist Halls continued, 
' 'made it impossible for us with 
our limited equipment to control 
the fire. The use of your up-to- 
date equipment and experienced 
personnel was certainly the ans- 
wer in this particular case. I am 



sure the benefits of this unit to 
the county will be demonstrated 
many times in the future. 

' 'Again, we wish to thank you 
for your service and considera- 
tion in the fighting of this fire, ' ' 
Halls said. 

Almost the same day, Fisher 
Jones, RFD, Alapaha, wrote the 
Editor of the Nashville Herald, 
''I want to take this opportunity 
to thank the fine people of our 
county for their efforts in get- 
ting our Uorest Fire Protection 
Unit in the county when we did. 

' 'I just had a fire to get out on 
my land from the highway, ' ' Fisher 
stated, ''and had it not been for 
the Forestry Unit the fire would 
have burned over several hundred 
acres of good timber and maybe 
s one buildings. 

' 'I especially want to thank the 
County Commissioners and the Farm 
Pureau for putting this program 
into use, ' ' he concluded. 



ROADSIDE MASTERPIECE- -Ranger W. G. Morris, 
right, admires the new and unusual roadside 
sign prepared by the Wayne County Forestry 
Unit. Lettered in gold on pine boards, the 
sign proclaims the location of the Forestry 
Unit, and reminds motorists to "Help Us Pro- 
tect Your Forest." Below, the location and 
phone number of the Tobacco Road Forest Fire 
Observation Tower are prominently displayed 
in Richmond County by this dual- faced road- 



side sign. Ranger T. M. Strickland points to the new sign 
presented to the Forestry Unit by the Coca Cola Bottling 
Company, sponsors of other signs throughout the state. 




h 

P OBSERVATION 
"■ TOWER **g2 





FAMILIAR FACES, NEW POSITIONS- -Pictured above 
are three foresters with a combined service record 
of 16 years with the Georgia Forestry Commission. 
W. H. McComb, left, has recently assumed duties as 
Assistant Director of the Commission in charge of 
Management. His promotion from First District 
Forester came as the Commission' s rapidly expand- 



ing Management program necessitated full time 
supervision. waiter N. Stone, center, has been 
transferred from Sixth District Forester to fill 
the First District vacancy. David Groom, right, 
former Assistant District Forester in Charge of 
Fire Control for the Second District, has been 
named Sixth District Forester. 



'Keefi &ieen ?eAttvitie&... 



Continued From Page 3 J 



participated in the planting ex- 
ercises and appropriate services 
were held by garden, agricul tural, 
civic and social clubs. Demon- 
strations were designed to remind 
all to plant, conserve, perpetuate 
and beautify the forests, trees 
and surroundings. 

Forest fire prevention "How To 
Do It's" were presented to school 
youths with fundamentals of pre- 
vention stressed by teachers, 
County Foresters and Rangers, 
county agents, and agricultural 
leaders. Movies, talks, illus- 
trated lectures and in-the-woods 
demonstrations sought to point 
out the necessity of cooperating 
fully in helping to prevent woods 
fires and in holding down the 
loss and destruction that results 
from wildfires. 

Forestry facts, published by 
the Georgia Forestry Commission 
and furnished to newspapers and 
radio stations over the state, 
were widely utilized by editors 
and station emcees in publicizing 
warnings to the public against 
careless actions in or near the 



woods, and in constantly keeping 
before the public eye the urgency 
of active participation in the 
Keep Georgia Green movement. The 
factual data pointed out that the 
condition of Georgia's woodlands 
is a leading factor in the econ- 
omic stability of the state; that 
the number of forest industries 
in Georgia is continuing to in- 
crease yearly, thereby putting a 
heavier drain on the woodlands; 
that forest fires reduce the raw 
materials needed by the forest 
industries and thereby retard the 
prosperity of the state, and 
listed forestry highlights in 
Georgia's record-breaking refor- 
estation, management, and fire 
control program and forest pro- 
duct production figures. 

Church groups joined the Keep 
Green parade with ministers using 
Bible conservation references 
for sermon topics, and church 
groups choosing scripture conser- 
vation messages for discussion 
materials. 

Keep Georgia Green Week is ob- 
served yearly to organize public 



Forest 
Industries.. 

(Continued Prow Page 2) 

million plant addition. Other 
smal ler expansion programs are 
underway by Hercules Power Com- 
pany, Brunswick, and the Southern 
Paperboard Corporation of Sav- 
annah. 

The Mengel Company, Jessup, has 
purchased the site for a $20 mil- 
lion operation. The Fox Manu- 
facturing Company, Rome, has 
purchased a 67-acre tract for a 
future expansion program, and 
the site of a new plant. 



support in seeking to prevent 
and suppress uncontrolled forest 
fires; to inform the public of 
damages to the state's economy 
resulting from uncontrolled for- 
est fires--effects on raw mater- 
ials, employment and income; to 
encourage good practices for pro- 
viding a continuous crop from all 
forest lands in Georgia, and to 
convince persons in all walks of 
life that it is good business for 
everyone for Georgia to develop 
its vast forest resources to the 
fullest. 



Supesu&i Pitted . • . 



(Continued fron page 7) 

ty-one foreign species, and seed 
frcn; other geographical sources 
within the pine range are includ- 
ed, with resulting seedlings used 
for comparison and checks on local 
seed. 

In the fall of 19 51 gatherings 
of seed were made by a general 
collection from only the best 
trees in each stand. A small 
collection was made of run- cf- 
the-woods trees. Seedlings pro- 
duced from the variety of seed 
from the different parents show 
marked differences in seedling 
height, seedling vigor, and the 
uniformity of growth in the seed- 
beds. 

Seedlings produced from the 
general collection of seed from 
better parent trees of a wide- 
spread basis compared with the 
crop produced from a run-of-the- 
woods collection indicates that 
the selected seed crop has pro- 
duced beds of seedlings that have 
very uniform height growth, 
closely approaching that of the 
seedlinfs frcm a carefully se- 
lected superior plant, whereas 
the general collection of seed 
from any seed producing tree, 
regardless of condition, shows a 
ragged- looking crop of seedlings 
whose heights vary noticeably 
with no uniformity. 

Field planting of the experi- 
mental lots of seedlings is es- 
tablished in a 100-acre field and 
seedlings from the various seed 
sources are planted in plots, 
using a uniform 10' xlO' spacing, 
the grouped plots making up a 
large block. By planting eight 
or ten acres each year this field 
will give, in one unit, a 10-year 
follow-up of the progeny from 
selected and hybridized parents. 

Though these experiments are in 
the initial stage, enough work 
has been done to show that super- 
ior trees can be identified, and 
that their progeny will have 
characteristics, from a timber- 
growing standpoint, superior to 
those of run-of-the-woods pro- 
duced pines. 




■■■■■■I 

SCHOOL BUSSES CARRY REMINDERS FOR CHILDREN- -Wore than 3,800 "Stop 
Woods Fires" stickers have been mounted in school busses throughout 
the state as part of the drive to acquaint Georgian's of all ages 
with the necessity of preventing forest fires. The stickers, fur- 
nished by the Southern Pulpwood Conservation Association, areprinted 
by the Day Glo process in red on a black background. Above, Stephens 
County Ranger Owen J. Dean mounts a sticker as James R. Moore, Prin- 
cipal of Toccoa' s Whitman Street School, looks on. 

Pulpwood Meeting... 

(Continued fron page U) 



pany, and the Conservation Report 
by H. J. Malsberger, General 
Manager of the Association, opened 
the annual meeting on January 21. 

A panel discussion followed on 
the subject ' 'What the Southern 
Pulp and Paper Industry is Poing 
About Its Future Supply of Pulp- 
wood from Non -Company owned 
lands.' Hie discussion was di- 
vided into four panels covering 
activities: in the fields of in- 
formation and education, manage- 
ment services to landowners, how 
the industry lets the landowner 

and public know what it is doing 
in encouraging the wise use of the 
tree crop, and how the Associa- 
tion determines the progress and 
effectiveness of the entire con- 
servation program of the pulp 
and paper industry. 

Trie ''Information and Fduca- 
tion'' panel members included 
Ralph Pavis, SPCA, analyzing 

Informational Projects, and Jim 
Nicholson , SPCA, viewing 
Educational activities and de- 
describing the Diorama Exhibit. 



Discussion on the ' 'Services to 
I andowners' ' panel was led by 
Howard Poyle, explaining Pemon- 
strations; S. K. Hudson, Container 
Corporation of America, outlining 
Seedlings and Plantj ng Machines; 
C. H. Niederhof, West Virginia 
Pulp and Paper Company, relating 
Management Aids; and Charles 
Jones, Dixie Wood, Inc. , pointing 
out the Pulpwoods Dealer's Pro- 
gram. 

"Telling Our Story" led off 
the afternoon panels, with R. V. 
Miles, Jr., Gulf States Paper 
Coproration, telling of Members' 
Promotional Activities; and Stan- 
ford Smith, Secretary-Manager of 
the Georgia Press Association 
and instructor in journalism at 
the Atlanta Division of the Uni- 
versity of Georgia, presenting 
practical methods of Telling Our 
Story Through Newspapers. 

The concluding panel discussed 
1 'Determining Progress and Ef- 
fectiveness of the SPCAProgram. 
Sampling of Pulpwood Cuttings was 
handled by H. M. Roller; and 
Fvaluating the Program was cover- 
ed by Frank Heyward, Jr. , Gaylord 
Container Corporation. 



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MARCH 
1953 












&V 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Laws Protect YOUR Forests 



(From the Jeff Dav 

An urgent appeal to Jeff Davis 
County farmers and landowners to 
know and to observe Georgia's 
forest fire laws came this week 
from Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion's forest fire investigator 
for District 5, Charlie Tillman. 

Tillman, whose headquarters 
are in Ocmulgee, investigates 
causes of forest fires throughout 
the Fifth District, bringing to 
prosecution those who turn green 
acres of woodlands into blackened 
debris. 

' 'Too many persons in this 
area,'' said he, ''still are un- 
aware of the laws designed to 
protect their forests. Forest 
fire damage could be considerably 
decreased if the public realized 
that any person who allows fire to 
cross from his land onto the land 
of another property owner is 
guilty of a misdemeanor. 

The investigator also pointed 
out that although landowners may 
legally burn their own land as 
they desire, they are responsible 
to see that the fire does not burn 



is County Ledger) 

adjoining land of another owner 
without permission. 

'The landowner who plans burn- 
his own land,'' said Tillman, 
citing the Georgia Forest fire 
law,'' is required to notify all 
other landowners whose land the 
fire might possibly reach if it 
should get out of control. This 
notification should be given at 
least 24 hours in advance. Land- 
owners also must have adequate 
firebreaks around the property 
they plan to burn. ' ' 

The Investigator pointed out 
also that no matter whether the 
person did or did not intend for 
the fire on his land to get on an- 
other man's property, he still 
is guilty of a misdemeanor. 

' 'Persons in this area also 
should realize,' he added, 
''that any person who wilfully 
and maliciously sets fire to the 
woods of another person without 
permission is guilty of a felony. ' ' 
Conviction of this crime carries 
a sentence of from one to two 
years. 



Vol. 6 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

March, 1953 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia. 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 3 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second-class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR _ R. E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITOR. Patricia McKemie 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



Destroyed 
Woodlands 
Cost YOU 

(From the Home News Tribune) 

The South' s tree crop and pro- 
ducts manufactured from it are 
worth billions of dollars. For- 
est products are Georgia's lead- 
ing crop, worth more than cotton 
or tobacco or livestock. 

Overall, the South' s tree crop 
represents approximately ten per 
cent of the South' s income. It 
figures out to an average of about 
$16 per forest acre. 

Everyone benefits, directly or 
indirectly, from the income pro- 
duced by the tree crop. But do 
you know how much you are losing 
because people burn one out of 
16 acres of forest land in the 
South each year 9 

We lost $16 worth of products 
per acre. But we also lose in 
many other ways. Your personal 
health and industrial develop- 
ment depend upon a good water 
supply. Badly eroded hillsides 
and silt-covered valleys cannot 
produce farm crops. Burned-ovec 
areas destroy wildlife. 

Forest fires damage the forest 
and land providing these bene- 
fits, as well as the commercial 
crops of trees to support indus- 
tries. Uncontrolled forest fires 
can deprive us of millions of 
dollars a year in immediate bene- 
fits, and untold millions in the 
future. 

You may not own woodlands, but 
you lose if those woodlands are 
destroyed. 



Qu* G&u&i 



March winds and forest fires 
are a deadly combination in 
Georgia woodlands. 

High winds and dry underbrusr 
cften make for peak fire dangei 
as March roars in like the pro- 
verbial lion. 

Here a roaring inferno cuts 
a swath through Georgiapinelands. 



MARCH, 1953 



Keep, Qn&en 
Content £ndd 



The first day of April has been 
set as the closing date for the 
1953 ' 'Keep Georgia Forests Green 
County Contest'', and April 6 is 
the deadline for submitting coun- 
ty activity reports according to 
announcement by the Georgia For- 
estry Association. Reports are 
to be mailed to the Association 
at Boom 905, Citizens and South- 
ern National Bank Building, At- 
lanta, Georgia. 

Reports are to summarize work 
done by each county during the 
contest including all activi- 
ties. The reports are to serve 
as the basis for selecting the 
outstanding counties to be visit- 
ed by contest judges. Failure to 
submit a report to the Associa- 
tion's Atlanta office by April 6, 
automatically eliminates a coun- 
ty. 

B. M. Lufburrow, Executive 
Secretary of the Association, 
urged all counties to submit a 
complete and accurate summary of 
what has been done. ''Be sure to 
include all activities because 
local effort, organization, co- 
operation, and other such factors 
rate 60 points' ' , he said. Luf- 
burrow also reemphasized the fact 
that ' 'there are four cash prizes 
this year, plus special recogni- 
tion of runner-ups. First prize 
winner will receive .11,000; sec- 
ond place winner will be awarded 
«500; third place, .1300, and four- 
th place, «200. 

The Association's Secretary 
explained that a special prize 
has been added this year, "to 
recognize the outstanding effort 
and leadership of County Fores- 
ters and County Forest Rangers. 
The Association has added a f 100 
award to be given the leader of 
the County Forestry Unit in the 
top ranking county. ' 



Seedlings For 60,000 Acres 

'52-53 Planting Is Greatest 
Reforestation Undertaking 



''Operation Planting'' for the 
1952-53 season - the greatest 
reforestation undertaking in 
Georgia's history - has just been 
completed with the state's rec- 
ord crop of 53/; million forest 
tree seedlings now stretching 
across thousands of Georgia 
acres that formerly stood naked 
and eroding, idle and unproduc- 
tive. 

When the last seedling delivery 
was completed early this month by 
the Forestry Commission's four 
nurseries, landowners of the 
state had been furnished suffi- 
cient planting stock to reforest 
more than 60,000 acres, and an 
all-time high had been achieved 
in the output of seedlings by the 
state's nurseries. 

Preliminary tabulations on the 
output of the four nurseries show 
the Davisboro Nursery in Wash- 
ington County leading with ship- 
ments totaling 25,500,000 seed- 
lings, and the Albany Nursery at 
Albany second with 15,286,000 
while the Hightower and Flowery 
Branch Nurseries produced a to- 
tal of 12,500,000 seedlings. 

Of the state seedling total, 
Slash Pine made up 42,500,000; 
Loblolly Pine, 9,598,000; and 
Longleaf, 700,000. Arizona Cy- 

Rress shipments totaled 178,815; 
ed Cedar, 175,850; White Pine, 
40,000; andYellow Poplar, 35,000. 



Nursery experts have termed the 
results obtained in the Georgia 
nurseries this year as very good, 
particularly in view of the con- 
stand hazard present in the pro- 
duction of any seedling crop and 
the fact that the newly-completed 
Hightower nursery was in its first 
year of production. 

Guy ton DeLoach, Commission Dir- 
ector, and James H. Hill, Assist- 
ant Director in Charge of Nurser- 
ies, expressed ''gratification 
at the progress leing made in 
growing and delivery of seed- 
lings'' , and both joined in com- 
mending the Nursery Superinten- 
dents and their assistants. Mack 
Neal , heads the Davisboro Nur- 
sery, veteran M. E. Murphy directs 
operations at Herty, and Buster 
Harris is in charge of the Flowery 
Branch and Hightower Nurseries. 

Seedlings were again furnished 
landowners at a price below the 
actual cost of production, and 
with the rapidly increasing de- 
mand for planting stock the Com- 
mission is aiming for a next- 
years' output of- 75 million and 
directing efforts toward an ulti- 
mate goal of producing 100 seed- 
lings each year. To make possi- 
ble such a continuing production 
a fi fth Nursery is at present under 
construction in Wheeler County. 



EARLY PLANTINGS NOW PRODUCING WOOD FOK GEORGIA PULP INDUSTRY 
This plantation originated from earliest shipments from state nurseries 





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FOUR FOOT HIGH, THREE YEAR OLD PINES ON CALLAWAY FARM, IN TROUP COUNTY 
Trees were purchased and planted by the Troup County Farmers Foundation 

Troup Citizens Benefit 
From Forestry Projects 



Small green pine seedlings are 
rapidly replacing old cotton and 
corn stalks on idle land in Troup 
County, due in large measure to 
the efforts of the Troup Farmers 
Foundation campaign to focus the 
attention of farmers and others 
upon the pulpwood and timber 
possibilities in Troup County. 

The Foundation was formed by 
leading citizens, farmers and 
agriculturalists in Troup County 
for the advancement of all phases 
of agriculture. The non-profit 
organization has sponsored many 
projects of benefit to Troup far- 
mers, and in April, 1950, the 
group started reforestation act- 
ivities with the ultimate object- 
ives of replanting to put all idle 
acres in the county to work grow- 
ing trees. 

''The trustees of the Troup 
Farmers Foundation are well pleas- 
ed with the results of the project 
and with the splendid response 



given by the farmers of the 
county,'' declared 01 in F. Ful- 
mer, Jr. , President of the Foun- 
dation, as he explained that 
through the efforts of the Founda- 
tion, it is possible to order 
seedlings by phone and have them 
planted, ''without even touching 
them with your own hands. ' ' 

' 'A wonderful start has been 
made - but the vital thing is that 
it be continued,'' pointed out 
Ely F. Callaway, a trustee of the 
Foundation, who serves as chair- 
man of the tree-planting commit- 
tee. ' 'The Foundation is giving 
farmers the opportunity to buy 
and plant seedlings economically 
and efficiently.'' Callaway con- 
tinued, and added, ''These small 
trees will grow into a large in- 
come for the farmer and for Troup 
County as a whole in a few short 
years. We will all profit by this 
conservation measure which the 
( Cont i nu e d on Page 10) 



ELYR. CALLAWAY, RIGHT, POINTS OUT UNUSUAL HEIGHT OF THREE YEAR OLD PINES 
Looking on is Charles Hudson, LaGrange, Troup J -C Conservation Chairman 




SotUbelst Piste 

Probably the largest machinery 
exposition ever held in America 
will attract hundreds of visitors 
to New Orleans April 8* through 10 
as the Southern Pine Association 
gathers for its 38th annual meet- 
ing. 

The SPA Machinery and Equip- 
ment Exposition will feature 
displays of more than a million 
dollars worth of equipment and 
machinery used in manufacturing, 
logging and mill work. This 
year's exposition, similar to the 
Association's 1950 exhibit, will 
provide an opportunity for lum- 
bermen and others to learn first 
hand about new equipment and 
machinery essential tc greater 
mechanization. 

' 'The Southern Pine machinery 
exposition is designed to help 
the lumber manufacturer in his 
mechanization progress,'' point- 
ed out H. C. Berckes, executive 
vice president of the Associa- 
tion. ''Our industry has wit- 
nessed great strides during the 
past few years and the machinery 
show is another step in the care- 
fully planned and directed pro- 
gram of Southern Pine mechanical 
efficiency' ' he stated. 

Most of the meetings of the 
Association will be held at the 
New Orleans Municipal Auditorium, 
site of the machinery show, and, 
in addition to Southern Pine and 
hardwood manufacturers, repre- 
sentatives of furniture, mill- 
work, pulp and box industries will 
attend. 

In addition to the exposition 
and Association meeting, the 
Southern Pine Industry Commit- 
tee will hold its annual meeting 
on the same days. Representing 
the entire Southern Pine indus- 
try, SPIC will examine policies 
and legislation of the new ad- 
ministration and Congress that 
affect all phases of lumber oper- 
ations. In addition, national 
defense activities, procurement 
and other industry-wide matters 
will be examined. 



Wmw§* 



* r 



Forest Markers 
To Commemorate 
Notable Events 

Do you know where the first saw- 
mill in Georgia was established? 
Or where the first Georgia naval 
stores operation was located'!* Or 
do you have any information of 
historic interest concerning for- 
estry or forest production in 
Georgia 7 

The Georgia Historical Society 
plans to erect large markers at 
historical points and other note- 
worthy locations throughout the 
state for the purpose of publici- 
zing and commemorating notable 
events connected with agricul- 
ture and forestry. 

These markers will not neces- 
sarily denote ' ' firsts' ' but will 
point out outstanding events or 
achievements which have had a far 
reaching effect on the state's 
forests. 

Persons knowing of a forestry 
highlight or point of interest 
that should be suitably marked are 
requested to notify the Georgia 
Historical Society, State Capi- 
tol, Atlanta. State the point of 
origin of the event, economic im- 
portance in early years of agri- 
cultural development, was the hap- 
pening effected by slavery, has it 
been effected by inventions, in- 
sect pest, or any other interest- 
ing information. 






PRESTON STAMPS, LEFT, PRESENTED TREE FARM CERTIFICATE BY W. H. MCCOMB 
Milton Pierce, left, and Ranger Beauchamp prepare Barbecue for lunch. 

^eadquaitenA "Dedicated; 
7*ee ?a*imei& 'Zfattvied 



Five new Georgia Tree Farmers 
and a new County Forestry Unit 
Headquarters took the spotlight 
in Eastman February 6 as more than 
250 persons gathered from dif- 
ferent parts of the state for the 
dedication of Dodge County's for- 
estry headquarters, to watch the 
awarding of Tree Farms certifi- 
cates, and to enjoy an old fash- 
ioned barbecue. 

Elliott Lindholm, vice presi- 
dent, Fulton National Bank, At- 
lanta, delivered the main ad- 
dress and outlined the bank's 
stake in forestry and progress 
being made in preserving the 
state's woodlands. 

The noon barbecue led off the 
day's events as members of the 
Forestry Unit and the Keep Dodge 
Green council entertained guests. 
Assistant District Forester Mil- 
ton A. Pierce, Fifth District, 
McRae, gave the welcome address 
and 4-H Club members from Hendrix 
High school, Plainfield, led the 

DODGE TOWER AND NEW HEADQUARTERS- - 
Ranger J. B. Beauchamp adds final 
touches to Forestry Unit's home. 



• a 



i*"Tf :- 1 & 



devotional. Ferrell Martin, out- 
standing Dodge County youth ora- 
tor, outlined the importance of 
forestry to Future Farmers of 
America. 

The official opening of the new 
headquarters was signaled by the 
ribbon cutting by Julia Peacock, 
president of the Plainfield 4-H 
Club. Guests were invited to tour 
the building which houses the 
Hanger's office, quarters for 
fire crews, bath and stock room. 
Local concerns donated much of 
the materials used and the Fores- 
try Unit constructed the head- 
quarters under supervision of 
Ranger J. B. Beauchamp 

The five new Tree Farmers, all 
residents of the Fifth Forestry 
District , were cited for exercis- 
ing wise management and fire con- 
trol practices, and certificates 
were presented by W. H. McComb, 
Assistant Director in Charge of 
Management, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, Atlanta. 

Dodge County's Preston Stamps 
received Georgia Tree Farms Cer- 
tificate Number 62, the latest 
issued, on his 1,694 acre wood- 
land tract located seven miles 
Northeast of Eastman. 

Other Tree Farmers honored at 
the Eastman meeting included: 
G. N. Weatherly, McRae, 5,000 
acres in Laurens County; B. R. 
Snooks, Ailey, 300 acres in Mont- 
gomery County: H. V. Thompson, 
Ailey, 97 acres in Montgomery 
County; and J. W. Moore, Lyons, 
600 acres in Toombs County. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Theory And Practice 

Sawmill Schools Held 
Throughout Georgia 



To show operators of portable, 
circular- type sawmills how to get 
better quality lumber from the 
logs they are cutting, eight 
training schools were held over 
the state during February. 

The meetings also aimed at help- 
ing operators by teaching them how 
to reduce mill operation costs. 

Sawmill specialists toured the 
state to talk to groups in Screven, 
Randolph, Washington, Cook, Bibb, 
DeKalb, Stephens and Lumpkin coun- 
ties. C. J. Telford, U.S.D.A. , 
Forest Products Laboratory, Madi- 
son, Wisconsin, talked on "Mill 
Layouts and Equipment, " and "Pow- 
er Requirements and Management Ef- 
ficiencies. ' ' Walton R. Smith, 
Southeastern Forest Experiment 
Station, Asheville, North Carol- 
ina, spoke on "Lumbering Season- 
ing, " and B. F. Grant, University 
of Georgia Agricultural Extension 
Service, Athens, outlined ''Ef- 
fects of Log Size on Yields and 
Costs.'' At the two North Georgia 
schools, W. N. Darwin, Chief of 
the UtilizationSection, Division 
of Forestry Relations, Tennessee 
Valley Authority, Norris, Tenn- 



SAWMILL MANAGEMENT TRAINING- - 
W. N. Darwin, Chief, Utilization 
Section, Division of Forestry 
Relations, TVA, in ihoto below, 
explains benefits of cutting 
large logs for lumber. In photo 
at right, Ernest Clevenger, Cor- 
ley ManufacturingCompany, demon- 
strates the technique of setting 
teeth on large saws to get more 
volume from logs. 



essee, and Ernest Clevenger, Cor- 
ley Manufacturing Company, Chat- 
tanooga, Tennessee, served as in- 
structors. Maintenance men from 
several sawmill manufacturing 
firms in each locality also par- 
ticipated in the programs. 

In the afternoon each meeting 
adjourned to a local sawmill for 
a demonstration on sawing logs 
and mill operation conducted by 
Telford, Smith and George Eng- 
lerth, Southeastern Forest Ex- 
periment Station. 

A discussion period led by C. 
Dorsey Dyer, Forester of the 
Agricultural Extension Service, 
concluded the programs. 

The sawmill meetings were spon- 
sored by the University of Georgia 
Agricultural Extension Service 
and School of Forestry, the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, and the 
Southeastern Forest Experiment 
Station. 



j0^ty 




Jlu+ftbesi ^aikl 

From all over the South, some 
300 foresters, farmers and con- 
servationist gathered March 5 and 
6 at Pensacola, Florida, for the 
1953 Southern Forestry Confer- 
ence sponsored by the Forest Far- 
mers Association, of Valdosta, 
Georgia. 

Discussions of the '53 confer- 
ence theme, ''Lumber's Increas- 
ing Responsibility in the Na- 
tion' s Economy' ' and talks relat- 
ing to the lumber industry's con- 
tribution to forest development 
in the South, the industry's fu- 
ture role in this field, and num- 
erous other forestry topics of 
current importance to all south- 
ern timberland owners, were pre- 
sented. An equipment display 
was held on the mezzanine of the 
San Carlos Hotel , convention head- 
quarters in Pensacola. A special 
program of outside activities for 
both men and ladies included a 
barbecue given for the Conferees 
by the St. Regis Paper Company 
and a visit to the St. Regis mill 
at Cantonment. 

Allen E. Kline, President of the 
American Farm Bureau Federation, 
was the principal Banquet speaker. 
Conference keynote speaker was 
Earl M. McGowin, Vice President, 
W. T. Smith Lumber Company, Chap- 
man, Alabama, and Association 
President J. V. Whitfield, Bur- 
gaw, North Carolina, presided at 
I lie op. 'ii mi' meet 1 1 1 ^ and banquet . 
Also participating in the Con- 
ference program were Henry T. 
Mcknight, Vienna, Virginia, Asso- 
ciation Vice-President; J. R. 
Bemis, President, Southern Pine 
Association; Justin R. Weddell, 
President, Florida Forestry 
Association; Richard Allen, Chief 
Forester, DeWeese Lumber Co., 
Philadelphia Mississippi; and 
Reavis Sproull, Technical Direc- 
tor, Herty Foundation Laboratbry, 
Savannah, Georgia. 

Other features included a panel 
on Marketing of Forest Products 
and discussions on research, tim- 
ber loans and insect control. 



T// 



Scouts Hold 
Forestry 

Camporee 

Reforestation, fire suppression 
and prevention instruction, and 
timber management filled an act- 
ion-packed week end for the 250 
Boy Scouts who participated in 
the Georgia-Carolina Council's 
second annual Forestry Camporee 
held at Camp Linwood Haynie and 
Camp Josie in Richmond County. 

Top projects among their acti- 
vities were the replanting of 15 
acres of open land and the con- 
struction of permanent fire- 
breaks on the camp areas, under 
the direction of James Coad, 
Tenth District Management For- 
ester, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, and Richmond County Forest 
Ranger Therman Strickland. Coad 
taught planting, tree identifi- 
cation, thinning and measuring 
of timber, and Strickland gave a 
demonstration and talk on fire 
suppression, fire prevention, 
supervised practice in the use 
of hand tools for fire fighting, 
and lectured on how to give vol- 
unteer help in fire fighting, how 
to spot and locate fires, and the 
operation of county forestry 
units in Georgia. The Scouts 
hand planted both camp sites with 
10,000 pine seedlings donated by 
the Union Bag and Paper Corpora- 
tion. 







TOIS IS HOW irs DONE--James Coad, Tenth District Management For- 
ester, places a seedling as Richmond County Forester T.M. Strickland 
holds the dibble in a demonstration of correct hand planting methods. 
Scouts, left to right, Buddy Heath, Augusta, Terry Posey, Gloverville, 
South Carolina, and Frank Gorham, Augusta, prepare to practice. 



Johnny M. Vantrease, Scout Exe- 
cutive, Georgia-Carolina Coun- 
cil, termed this year's camporee 
highly successful, and expressed 
particular gratification at ' 'the 
manner in which the Commission 
foresters and council leaders 
were able to integrate their ef- 
forts to provide the training for 
the Scouts. The benefits of such 
a forestry camporee are mani- 
fold,'' he stated, ' ' and make for 
the advancement of resource con- 
servation, constitute an impor- 
tant segment of the character 
building work of Scouting, and 
provide a keen insight into the 
realm of forestry for those boys 



who may be considering entering 
the profession in later years.'' 

The Georgia-Carolina Council 
includes Richmond, Burke, Jeffer- 
son, Emanuel, Jenkins, Glascock, 
Columbia, McDuffie, Warren, 
Wilkes, Lincoln and Taliaferro 
Counties in Georgia, and McCor- 
mick, Edgefield and Aiken coun- 
ties in South Carolina. 

Serving as group leaders and 
directing the camp routine were 
Vantrease, who was in charge of 
the white Scouts at Camp Linwood 
Haynie, and Nat Clark, Assistant 
Executive, who led the group of 
negro Scouts at Camp Josie. 



DEMONSTRATION, LECTURE AND PRACTICE- -Boy Scouts 
attending the Forestry Camporee in Richmond County 
learn the "do* s and don' ts" of good forestry. In 
photo at left, Forester T.M. Strickland and Assist- 
ant Ranger Robert Wood, on tractor, demonstrate how 



a fire plow operates. Augusta, Georgia, Scouts 
looking on, left to right, are Fred Elser, Branford 
Williams, and Charles Bignon. In photo at right, 
Strickland explains operation of County Forestry 
Units in Georgia 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



'Keynotes fi'prf @o*tte4t 



Spurred by the Georgia Forestry 
Association's second annual Keep 
Georgia Forests Green contest, 
county Keep Green Councils in 
many sections of the state are 
finding unique and novel means of 
accelerating their fire preven- 
tion drives. 

Diversity of ideas is the key- 
note of this year's contest which 
is designed to prevent forest 
fires and build up the wealth of 
Georgia' s forest reserve. 

' 'Each county seems determined 
to win the contest — and to win 
not only the 11,000 first prize, 
but to attain the added benefits 
that good forest crops can bring 
to each community,'' declared 
Hugh W. Dobbs, President of the 
Association. ''The wide variety 
of ideas being used to enlist each 
person in every county in this 
drive is gratifying. Participa- 
tion in the protection and deve- 
lopment of Georgia's forest re- 
sources has reached a new high 
this year, ' ' Dobbs said. 

''Counties are realizing that 
the main purpose of the contest 
is not so much the winning of the 
prize money, but rather the in- 
terest it stimulates in the gen- 



eral fire prevention program, 
and that through the contest, 
valuable information regarding 
services to forest owners is be- 
ing placed in the hands of almost 
every person in Georgia, ' ' point- 
ed out B. M. Luf burrow, the Asso- 
ciation's Executive Secretary. 

Outlining typical examples of 
the various activities of various 
counties, Lufburrow stated that 
''reports are constantly reach- 
ing our Atlanta headquarters on 
the new and unusual programs be- 
ing carried on by the participa- 
ting counties. It would be im- 
possible to give a detailed sum- 
mary of the program followed in 
each county, but I feel that all 
counties in the state will be in- 
terested in knowing some of the 
happenings that are bringing Geor- 
gia' s forest potentialities into 
the spotlight,'' Lufburrow said. 

Catoosa County's drive to sti- 
mulate the interest of youth in 
the Keep Green movement was cited 
by Lufburrow as he explained that 
''Building Catoosa County's For- 
est Resources' ' is a subject of 
interest and concern of all Ca- 
toosa school children, as the 
{Continued, on Page 10) 



4-Jf'eM Plant 
^leed,; P^ieie^ae 

With the goal of preserving 
Georgia's forests for the future, 
Georgia 4-H Club boys and girls 
have undertaken as their most re- 
cent project a gigantic tree 
planting program that has resul- 
ted in the planting of some 
2,250,000 seedlings on 2,800 
acres of Georgia land. 

''Four-H members realize that 
one of Georgia's most valuable 
assets is her woodlands, and they 
study fire prevention and plant 
seedlings every year - two of the 
best ways of preserving this 
source of income'' Dorsey Dyer, 
Forester of the Georgia Agricul- 
tural Extension Service, said as 
he commended Club members for 
undertaking the far-sighted plant- 
ing program. 

The seedlings, distributed 
through the Extension Service to 
counties over the state, were 
planted under the supervision of 
County Agents, with assistance 
from County Foresters a nd Rangers 

The state-wide tree planting 
program, now in its sixth year, 
has helped to make Georgia's 
4-H forestry program one of the 
best in the nation. Last year 

(Continued on Page 10) 



PHYSICAL LIMITATIONS OF DRIVERS BEING DETERMINED- - 
Georgia Forestry Commission personnel are being exam- 
ined by the Georgia Departmentof Public Safety porto- 
clinic psychophysical machine, and specific recommen- 
dations are given for compensating any weakness found. 
The machine measures time required to move the foot 
from accelerator to brake, how far to each side a dri- 
ver can see a moving object while keeping his eyes 



straight ahead, ability to distinguish objects at a 
given distance, ability tomake judgements of space, 
distance and relative position of objects, and ability 
to distinguish colors. In photo at left, J.W.Rob- 
erts, Bulloch County Ranger, seated, is tested for 
'•Reaction Time'* by First District Investigator R. 
M. McCrimmon. At right, Roberts takes the "Field 
of Vision' ' test. 




MARCH, 1953 



Foresters And Rangers In The News 



The Lowndes County Forestry 
Unit extends thanks to two cons- 
cientious citizens who believe 
in doing their duty even while 
"sky high". 

During the past serious fire 
season, the Unit received a night 
call from Aaron J. Gibson, mana- 
ger of the Southern Airways office 
in Valdosta. Gibson stated that 
Pilot Captain Ed Summers and 
First Officer Privitt radioed the 
Valdosta office that they had 
spotted a forest fire and gave the 
exact location, while making a 
a regular flight which took them 
over the county. 

Men and equipment dispatched 
immediately to the fire by the 
Forestry Unit were able to con- 
trol the fire with only a few 
acres burned. 

Ranger W. W. Wright said, "We 
certainly appreciate the thought- 
fulness of these men, because if 
the call had not come in, the fire 
could have burned several hundred 
acres due to the dry, windy con- 
ditions. ' ' 




A week long program on forestry 
education was presented in Walton 
County Schools in early February 
under the direction of County 
Forester J. A. McGunagle, County 
School Superintendent Clyde 
Pearce and Mrs. J. H. Fockmore, 
Instructional Supervisor. 

The programs designed to ac- 
quaint the youth of Walton with 
the services of the Forestry 
Unit and also enlist their par- 
ticipation in the Keep Walton 
County Green activities, in- 
cluded the showing of two fores- 
try with discussion periods fol- 
lowing each showing. 




The Pierce County Forestry Unit 
recently received high praise 
from an out-of-state visitor, 
Osborn Watson, in a letter to the 
editor of the "Blackshear 
Times. ' ' 



' 'A woods fire began last Sat- 
urday afternoon on a neighbor's 
land," Wats Dn wrote, "and 
repidly gained headway over the 
bone dry drains leading east into 
Cross Swamp. Before word could 
be sent to Patterson, a Forestry 
Unit truck, notified by the for- 
est lookout tower, drove up. 

' 'A radio call for more help was 
sent out immediately and within 
half an hour a full force was on 
the ground checking the fast 
spreading blaze," Watson con- 
tined. ' 'Fire breaks were 
plowed around the burning area 
and back fires were started where 
necessary. The whole operation 
moved smoothly and rapidly and 
the fire was safely brought under 



control with mimimum damage, and 
done in little over an hour. 

1 'This was the second time that 
I had seen the Forestry Unit stop 
the costly spread of forest fires 
in the Blackshear district. 1 am 
told the Saturday fire could have 
been disastrous in many direct- 
ions if it had reached Cross 
Swamp, ' ' Watson said. 

' 'I was astonished on returning 
here after many years, to see the 
great and valuable development of 
forest growth in this section of 
the country. This development no 
doubt depends largely on the kind 
of work being done by the Pierce 
County Forestry Unit, ' ' Watson 
concluded. 



COMMISSION STEEL RIGGERS GET A BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF WHEELER COUNTY- - 
Shop For man J. F. King, Georgia Forestry Commission, Macon, and an 
assistant climb to the top of the 120 foot radio aerial tower at the 
McRae headquarters of the Wheeler County Forestry Unit. All con- 
struction work on the tower was done by Commission personnel at a 
substantial saving to the County and State. Such jobs usually re- 
quire the services of highly-skilled riggers. 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



500 rftte*tct *?'U-(2,<Katty 



A tri-county program forEvans, 
Tattnall and Bryan Counties brou- 
ght together more than 500 far- 
mers, Future Farmers of America 
and 4-H Club members for a com- 
prehensive, outdoor class in for- 
estry, January 28 near Claxton. 

The gathering, on the property 
ofJohnA. Varnedoe inHagan, west 
of Claxton, was the largest dem- 
onstration ever held in that sec- 
tion, and one of the largest and 
most complete in Georgia. 

Forestry-agriculturalists at- 
tending the complete demonstra- 
tion watched experts deal with 
virtually every phase of fores- 
try. During the morning portion 
of the program, actual woods dem- 
onstrations were given on timber 
stand improvement, control of un- 
desirable hardwoods by use of 
various chemicals, and bark 
chipping and acid stimilation. 
In the afternoon the program 
turned to forestry mechanization 
as a mechanical tree planter, a 
portable power saw and fire con- 
trol equipment were demonstrated. 

The demonstration, sponsored 
by the Industrial Department of 
the Seaboard Air Line Railroad, 
was under the direction of R. N. 
Hoskins, Industrial Forester for 
the Railroad. Ellis D. Sikes, 
Vocational Agriculture Instruc- 
tor at Claxton, served as general 
program chairman. 

T. G- Walters, State Supervisor 
of Vocational Education, gave 
the address of welcome, and point- 
ed out that pine saw timber has 
increased 15 per cent in the last 
10 years in spite of intensive 
cuttings. ''Slash pine,'' he 
said, ''is the fastest-growing 
commercial tree in the world.'' 

J. Neil Baker, Vocational Agri- 
culture District Supervisor, 
outlined the contributions being 
made by the Future Farmers of 
America organization in the total 
forestry program of the state. 

John Reese, Management Forester 
of the First District, and Walter 
Stone, First District Forester, 
also spoke and assisted with the 
program planning and direction. 

In the afternoon, Clark Gaines, 



Executive Secretary of the Geor- 
gia Department of Commerce, out- 
lined the value to the state, and 
especially the Claxton area, of 
Georgia's great forest resources. 
He was presented by Warren T. 
White, Assistant Vice President 
of Seaboard. 

Robert Barnett, Executive Frei- 
ght Manager, of the Railroad, told 
of the high hopes the company held 
that the demonstration would help 
farmers. "We have vast facili- 
ties ready to help you to make 
forest farming profitable, and 
we have a great stake in fores- 
try in this part of Georgia, " he 
said. J. N. McBride, General 
Agricultural Agent for Seaboard, 
was also present. 

One section of the demonstration 
plot was set aside for the poi- 
soning of trees to control unde- 
sirable hardwoods. Conducting 
this phase of the program was 
Professor B. F. Grant, of the 
University of Georgia Forestry 
School . 

Another group \tatched a demon- 
stration of proper methods of gum 
farming, including use of acid 
spray, hacking, bark chipping and 
hanging cups, conducted by Ralph 
Clements, Naval Stores Technician 
of the Lake City, Florida, branch 
of the Southeastern Forest Ex- 
periment Station, and Dr. C. S. 
Schopmeyer, Project Leader in 
charge of Naval Stores at the 
Station. 

Cutting and marking of trees 
was shown on a one-fifth acre 
plot containing 70 trees. Fig- 
ures were projected for the 350 
trees per acre represented by this 
stand. The use of these trees for 
cutting for pulpwood and saw 
timber and the marking and thinn- 
ing operations were explained 
and demonstrated by John Reese- 
Luncheon was served at the dem- 
onstration site by the Home Ec- 
onomics Department of Claxton. 
A demonstration of felling and 
bucking by the one man chain saw 
started off the afternoon session 
with A. W. McDonald of the Home- 
lite Corporation serving as in- 
structor. 



Patterson, 
DeLoach, May 
Elected 

Archie E. Patterson, Guy ton 
Deloach, and Jack T. May, have 
been selected to lead the South- 
eastern Section, Society of 
American Foresters, during 1Q53. 

Patterson, a professor at the 
University of Georgia's Forestry 
School, was installed as chair- 
man of the group at the section's 
two -day conference at Montgomery, 
Alabama, in January. 

DeLoach was named Vice-Chairman 
of the forestry group, and May 
was elected secretary-treasurer. 

Chairman Patterson is a member 
of the national committee on 
ethics of the Society of American 
Foresters, is a member of the 
Georgia State Board of Registra- 
tion for Foresters* and holds 
membership in numerous honorary 
and professional organizations. 
He is a graduate of Iowa State 
College. 

DeLoach is Georgia State For- 
ester and Director of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. He also is 
a member of the forester's Board 
of Registration, and is a graduate 
of the University of Georgia's 
Forestry School. 



George W. Mosley, Georgia For- 
est Equipment Company, demonstra- 
ted a mechanical tree planter. 

Fire control , from communica- 
tion to plowing, was dramatically 
demonstrated by members of the 
Tattnall, Evans and Pryan Fores- 
try Units. Using a ''make-be- 
lieve'' fire, the Forestry Units 
exhibited the coordination nec- 
essary in rapid detection and im- 
mediate suppression of fires. A 
call by two-way radio to the Tatt- 
nall-Evans Air Patrol brought the 
planeto the demonstration site, 
and onlookers were shown the 
close alliance between the Patrol 
plane, fire lookout tower and 
jeep patrol units. A one-ton 
power wag en from Pryan County, 
operated by Ranger G. P. Williams, 
a ^-ton plowing jeep, manned by 
Evans Ranger A. D. Eason, a heavy 
suppression unit, and the Tatt- 
nall light suppression unit were 
on hand. 



jfi&UiT'^* 



(Continued from Page 3) 

Foundation hopes will enrich the 
land and increase the income of 
all our Troup citizens. ' ' 

''The cost of seedlings and 
planting is to be considered an 
investment rather than an ex- 
pense," stated W. F. Holle, Jr., 
Secretary and Treasurer of the 
organization. ''The Foundation 
does not require a down payment, 
but seedlings must be paid for in 
full when the trees are deliver- 
ed,'' he said. The cost of seed- 
lings and planting amounts to 
$6. 00 per acre. Seedlings cost 
$2.75 per thousand, and planting 
1,000 seedlings amounts to $3.25. 
Trees are planted 700 to 1,000 
to the acre depending on the 
specie of tree. 

The Foundation has purchased 
two tractors and tree planting 
machines which are used by local 
citizens. The equipment was 
purchased with profits accumu- 
lated from other agricultural 
projects within the county. 

Millions of seedlings have 
been purchased from the Georgia 
Forestry Commission nurseries, 
and hundreds of thousands of seed- 
lings have been donated to the 
foundation. These donated trees 
are alloted free of charge to 
4-H Clubs, schools, churches and 
other organizations, and groups 
ordering large quantities receive 
not only the trees but also the 
machinery and labor for planting. 
The Foundation hopes, that by thus 
giving free seedlings to organi- 
zations, planting activity will 
be stimulated. 

W. M. Clanton, Jr., a trustee 
of the Foundation, stated that 
during the 1950-51 planting sea- 
son ''three percent of the total 
number of seedlings planted in 
the state were planted by the 
Foundation. ' ' 

High planting goals have been 
set for the county by the Founda- 
tion, and benefits of reforesta- 
tion are publicized throughout 
the county. The Troup County 
Forest Ranger, George Knott and 
County Agent work closely toget- 
her in directing the planting 
activities. 




F (RESTERS ON TOE AIR--Members of the Third District of f ice, Americus, 
recently visited the "Town Hall" radio program sponsored bytheAmeri- 
cus-Sumter County Chamber of Commerce. J. P. Luther, Manager of the 
Chamber, end of table, moderates the panel. Facing the camera, left 
to right, areJ.H. Cornwell, Chairman, Sumter County Forestry Board, 
Lonnie Gray, Sumter County Ranger, and James Adams, District Investi- 
gator. In the foreground, left to right, are Ed Hamby, Fire Control 
Forester, Turner Barber, Management Forester, and 01 in Witherington, 
District Forester. 

Contest Ideas... 

(Continued f 
result of a Forestry Board essay 
contest sponsored by the County. 
The contest, which started late in 
1952 and closed in February, 1953, 
was conducted among students for 
the purpose of acquainting young 
people with the facts about for- 
estry and encouraging them to take 
an active part in the improvement, 
conservation and management of 
Catoosa County' s forest resources. 
Plans of the Worth County Keep 
Green Council include arranging 
for two demonstration plots of 
two acres each. One plot will be 
burned off each year, and the 
otherwillbe protected from fire. 
' 'This vivid contract between a 
yearly burned woodlot and one well 

4-H Clubs... 

(Continued from Page 7) 
3,529 boys and girls carried 
4-H forestry projects that invol- 
ved 16,601 acres. ''This was 
almost a 20 percent increase in 
forestry participation over the 
preceeding year,' ' Dyer explained. 

Donors of the seedlings for the 
state-wide project were the Union 
Pag and Paper Corporation, Bruns- 
wick Pulp and Paper Company, 
Macon Kraft Company, Rome Kraft 
Company, and International Paper 
Company. 



r on Page 7 ) 

managed and kept free of fire will 
serve as a constant reminder to 
all that the Keep Worth County 
Green program is a project that 
merits support and cooperation 
from everyone,'' stated J. C. 
Holton, Chairman of the Council 

' 'A contest within a contest'' 
is the project of the Bulloch 
County Keep Green Council. In 
addition to the state prize of 
SI, 000 given by the Assoication, 
local businessmen interested in 
the timber future of Bulloch 
pooled their resources and set up 
a county contest prize fund. Local 
Farm Bureau Chapters, and other 
organizations, are competing with 
each other for the county prize, 
based on their efforts to control 
wild fires and encourage better 
forestry practices. 

Schley County farmers are help- 
ing to pave the way for a success- 
ful Keep Schley County Green pro- 
gram by cooperating in an effort 
to more quickly reach and more 
rapidly suppress forest fires. 

In five large rural communities 
of the county, Ebenezer, LaCrosse, 
Concord, Midway, and Hopewell, 
farmers have volunteered their 
mechanical equipment to fight out- 
breaks of fires. Each community 
has established unofficial fire 
headquarters at an easily access- 
ible home or store. 



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1^53 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 



Forestry Unit Means Business 
Enforcing Forest Laws 



(From the Bulloch Herald) 



Our local forest protection 
unit means business. 

According to J. W. Roberts, 
Bulloch County Forest Ranger, one 
person has been fined in Bulloch 
County for violation of the state 
forest fire laws. 

A guilty plea was entered re- 
cently in the City Court with 
Judge Cohan Anderson presiding. 
According to Mr. Roberts the 
state forest fire laws says a 
person may burn his own property, 
if he takes the proper precau- 
tions. He must notify all ad- 
joining landowners twenty- four 
hours before burning. The land- 
owner must also prepare the ne- 
cessary fire-breaks to keep fire 



from crossing to the lands oi 
all adjoining property owners. 

It makes no difference whether 
a person intends for his fire to 
get out of control or not, if it 
gets on property other than his 
own, the person starting the fire 
is guilty of a misdemeanor. 

This is right and just. 

Landowners trying to protect 
their forestlands need protec- 
tion from irresponsible people 
who insist upon burning their 
own lands. 

We commend those who have the 
courage to prosecute those who 
would ruin our forestlands. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 




Vol. 6 April 


, 1953 


No. 4 


Published Monthly 




by the 




GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 




State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia. 




Guyton DeLo 


ach, Director 




Members, Board of Commissioners : 


G. Philip Morgan, Chairman 

John M. McElrath Macon 




Savannah 


K. S. Varn 


..- .Waycross 


C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 


H. 0. Cummings 


Donalsonville 
at the Post 


Georgia Forestry is entered as 


second class matter 


Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 


Press Association. 

* * 


* # 




EDITOR . . . . 


R 


chard E. Davis 


ASSOCIATE EDITOR 


Pj 


itricia McKemie 
IMISSION: 


* * ^ * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COIV 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 


DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 


Statesboro 


Milledgeville 




DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 


DISTRICT VII— 


Route 1, 


Camilla 


Rome 




DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 


DISTRICT VIII- 


-P. 0. Box 811, 


Americus 


Waycross 




DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 


DISTRICT IX— I 


'. 0. Box 416, 


Newnan 


Gainesville 




DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT X— P. 


0. Box 302, 


McRae 


Washington 





Vigilance Needec 
For Preventing 

Springtime Fires 

(From the Atlanta Constitution) 

Spring brings many good things 
to a land, but one evil accompany- 
ing the season is that the fire 
hazard returns to the woods. The 
winds are high, the timber' s often 
dry. 

Already from Hall County, from 
Dawson and Forsyth, there come re- 
ports of woods fires. Some of 

these, the rangers believe, were 

' 'set. ' ' 

The spring fire season calls 
for increased vigilance. Residents 
in the forest areas must be care- 
ful not to violate common sense 
rules of fire prevention. They 
should be alert to detect and re- 
port evidence of incendiarism. 
Woods burners must be punished. 

There must be no repetition of 
the disastrous fires which swept 
the mountain counties in the fall 
of 1952. 



Owi Qov&i 



MAN AGAINST FIRE has been 
the order of the day during 
recent weeks in many parts 
of the state as County For - 
estry Units have fought out- 
breaks of fires fanned to 
intensity by high spring 
winds. 

Here a heavy tractor and 
suppression plow of the 
Bacon County Forestry Unit 
chokes off flames racing 
through young timber. Back- 
firing immediately on the 
inside of the cleared line 
prevents the raging flames 
from jumping into the un- 
burned area, and quickly 
limits the dea th - dea 1 i ng 
effects of the fire. 



APRIL, 1953 



point TfteeU 

Leaders in forestry, industry, 
education and agriculture will 
convene at the Dempsey Hotel, 
Macon, May 13 and 14 for the 
1953 annual meetings of the Geo- 
orgia Forestry Association, the 
alumni of the University of 
Georgia's School of Forestry, 
and the Georgia Chapter of the 
Society of American Foresters. 
The announcement of the joint 
meetings was made by Hugh Dobbs, 
Association President, Jack 
Hamilton, Alumni President, and 
Dorsey Dyer, Chairman of the 
Georgia Chapter. 

Members of the Georgia Chapter, 
SAF, will meet on April 13 at 
9: 3G AM and will adjourn at noon. 
In the afternoon, forestry school 
alumni will gather at 3:00 PM. 

The three forestry groups will 
hold an informal reception be- 
ginning at six in the evening, 
and a joint banquet at eight 
o'clock on the 13th, and a joint 
luncheon on the 14th. 

Association members will con- 
vene at 9:00 AM on the 14th to 
hear discussions of the meeting' s 
general themes "Keep Georgia 
green, " "The Georgia Tree Farms 
Program," and "Assistance to 
Landowners. " Naming of the 
county winners of the Keep Georgia 
Forests Green contest, sponsored 
by the Association, and presen- 
tations of awards and cash prizes 
will highlight the meeting. 

Judges for the Keep Green Con- 
test, who now are examining county 
activity reports and visiting top 
ranking counties to determine the 
dinner, are C. F. Evans, Atlanta, 
retired forester and past presi- 
dent of the Society of American 
Foresters; Elmo Hester, Atlanta 
Journal Farm Editor; and Carl 
Floy, Assistant to the President, 
Fulton National Bank of Atlanta, 
the organization which sponsored 
mrchase of tree planters by banks 
hrough out the state for lease to 
armers. 

(Continued on Page 10) 



High Winds - Trouble 

April Weather Brings 
Greater Wildfire Threat 



April with its spring greenery 
and fishing weather brought an 
increased threat of wildfire to 
Georgia' s woodlands and fire sup- 
pression forces in many parts of 
the state have been faced with a 
high fire incidence during the 
past few weeks, despite the fre- 
quent rains that have occured 
during the period. The characteris- 
tically high spring winds have con- 
tinued strong through the first 
weeks of April and have rapidly 
nullified the effects of many of 
the rains and quickly boosted the 
fire danger to a high point fol- 
lowing the precipitation. 

This summary of a report issued 
by Guyton DeLoach, Director of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, fore- 
casts dry, hot days ahead that 
will be "just right" for many 
fires to spring up and quickly 
spread over large areas. 

In his statement on fire condi- 
tions at present in the state, 
DeLoach pointed out that the most 

vital need in forest fire control 
today is effective fire prevention. 
''It naturally follows that if 
more fires are prevented, there 
will be less need of fire fight- 
ing, fewer acres will be burned, 
and more trees will be left green 
and productive to continue and even 
increase income from forest oper- 
ations as leading factors in our 
state s economy. 

''During the spring planting 
season' ' DeLoach continued , ' 'Our 
state is constantly in danger of 
being burned by fires unintention- 
ally getting out of control. Far- 
mers are cleaning off old fields 
and clearing debris toprepare for 
planting. They find fire the best 
means of accomplishing these clean- 
up operations,'' the Director 
pointed out. 



WINDS FAN SPRING FIRES- -High 
winds coupled with dry weather 
during the spring months are ex- 
acting a heavy toll of Georgia 
woodlands. 



' 'Fire can be a helpful or des- 
tructive force, according to the 
use made of it, 'Director Delxiach 
pointed out, ''County Foresters 
and Rangers are helping as much 
as possible in assuring that pro- 
per precautions are taken in con- 
trol burnings. But they cannot be 
in all places at one time. It is 
imperative that landowners, them- 
selves, take every precaution in 
preparing for starting any fire 
--by plowing lands around the area 
to be burned and by having tools, 
equipment and manpower availabls >in 
case a fire should get out of con- 
trol, ' 'DeLoach said. 

' 'The landowners of our state, 
the Commission Director added, 
''will be heavy losers during the 
next few months unless fire safety 
rules are integrated into their 
farming activities. These same 
landowners could avoid loss and 
actually gain in working time, 
wear and tear on machines, and in 
other ways if each one makes sure 
that his woodlands are atall times 
protected from that wanton killer- 
-lire. 







GEORGIA FORESTRY 



1953 Boys 
Forestry Camp 
Set For June 

Preliminary plans for the 1953 
Georgia Boys Forestry Camp, to be 
held this year at Laura Walker 
State Park, Waycross, June 15-21, 
have been announced by Guyton 
DeLoach, Director of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 

More than 110 Future Farmers 
of America Members from South 
Georgia, and instructors and 
speakers are expected to attend 
the camp. 

The week of lectures, demonstra- 
tions, recreation and entertain- 
ment is sponsored by five member 
mills of the Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association with 
the Commission conducting the 
camp. 

Sponsoring mills are the Macon 
Kraft Company, Brunswick Pulp and 
Paper Company, St. Marys Kraft 
Corporation, Union Bag and Paper 
Corporation, and Gair Woodlands, 
Inc. All expenses, other than 
transportation are paid by the 
sponsors. 

FFA members are chosen to attend 
camp in each south Georgia county 
on the basis of past achievements 
in forestry and demonstrated in- 
terest in forestry. Organized 
county competitions are held with 
boys carrying out various fores- 
try projects to qualify for at- 
tendance at the camp. 

Among the wide range of subjects 
the boys will study while at camp 
are thinning, mensuration, refor- 
estation, marketing, insects and 
disease, harvesting, fire control, 
and tree identification. De- 
monstrations will include fire 
suppression, use of hand tools and 
equipment, naval stores practices, 
and operation of the bow saw. In 
all instructionemphasis is placed 
on " learning by doing" with the 
campers actually practicing the 
forestry techniques. 

An entertainment highlight of 
the week will be a field trip to 
theOkeefenokee Swamp Park. Prizes 
will be awarded outstanding camp- 
ers, and those scoring highest on 
the comprehensive forestry exam 
given at the close of camp. 






February in Georgia was a month 
filled with demonstrations on 
naval stores, reforestation, fire 
control, selective harvesting and 
other forest management practices, 
conducted by many of the state's 
agricultural agencies, wood using 
industries and conservation as- 
sociations, in cooperation with 
the Georgia Forestry Commission. 

A series of ten naval stores 
demonstrations were held in nine 
South Georgia Counties under the 
direction of C. DorseyDyer, for- 
ester of the University of Georgia 
Agricultural Extension Service, 
and J. D. Strange, Valdosta, sup- 
erior, for the Naval Stores Con- 
servation Program. Demonstra- 
tions were held in Appling, Whee- 
ler, Bryan, Evans, Toombs, Ber- 
rien, Long, Atkinson and Ben Hill 
Counties. County Foresters and 
Bangers, and County Agents of the 
respective areas were in charge 
of the demonstrations with Area 
Foresters of the Naval Stores 
Conservation Program assisting 
and discussing 1953 practices of 
the program. 

At each event Dyer and Strange 
demonstrated selection of trees 
to be cupped, new methods of in- 
stalling turpentine faces, use of 
the bark hack and acid stimula- 

LEARN MACHINE PLANTING-Typical 
of instruction to be given at the 
' 53 Boys Forestry Camp is this 
scene of FFA members practicing 
machine planting at last year* s 
camp. J. F. Spiers, left, Cen- 
tral o f Georgia Forester, di rects 
the group. 




tion in clipping, and new methods 
of raising cups. 

The forestry demonstration at 
the Baxley State Forest highlight- 
ed the ' 'Keep Georgia Green Week' ' 
activities in Appling County. The 
program was a follow-up of the 
1951 demonstrations set up on acid 
stimulation and thinning. 

Also during February, Professor 
B.F. Grant, University of Georgia, 
School of Forestry, toured the 
state holding demonstrations in 
many cormunities. 

Clay County also highlighted 
''Keep Georgia Green'' week with 
a series of forestry demonstra- 
tions. The demonstrations were 
scheduled for Arbor Day and plots 
were set aside three miles north 
of Fort Gaines. Professor Grant, 
Hugh P. Allen, Second District 
Forester of the Commission, C.J. 
McLeod, Assistant District Fores- 
ter, Cy Perkins, County Banger, 
D. T. Smith , Soil Conservation 
Service Technician, Claude M. 
Cook, Vocational Agriculture 
Teacher, and D. C. Brumbalow, 
County Agent, led the program. 

Professor Grant visited Taylor 
County for two demonstrations on 
forest management, use of power 
saws and fire control methods. 
Two forest management demonstra- 
tions conducted by Grant in Wayne 
County were held to show producers 
how to better manage their wood- 
lot in order to make their trees 
more profitable. Among the de- 
monstrations were thinning, 
improvement cutting, naval stores 
production, fire control, refor- 
estation and weed tree control 
Grantwas assisted byHoward Doyle, 
Forester, Southern Pulpwood Con- 
servation Association; M. E. 
Nixon, Mengel Company, Bex Nance; 
timber division, F^ayonier, Inc.; 
Henry Backus, Area Forester, Naval 
Stores Conservation Program; and 
local pulpwood dealers and agri- 
cultural workers. 

Grant led a similar forestry 
demonstration at Uvalda in Mont- 
gomery County, sponsored by the 
Brunswick Pulp and Paper Company 
in cooperation with the Commis- 
sion, Extension Service and U. S. 
Forest Service. 



APRIL, 1953 



Management Foresters 
Attend Annual School 



The second annual forest mana- 
gement training school of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, held 
at Gray, Georgia, on March 2-6, 
brought together industry, U.S. 
Forest Service and Commission 
Foresters for *'a period devoted 
to intensive training of the Com- 
mission's management personnel 
in all phases of tree-growing ser- 
vices provided by the state , ' ' ac- 
cording to Guyton DeLoach, Direc- 
tor of the Commission. 

'It was the Commission's pur- 
pose in this training session, as 
in others conducted at various 
times during the year, to concen- 
trate on 'learning by doing' act- 
ivities,'' CeLoach said. ''Cur 
ultimate purpose is to provide the 
small landowners and forest opera- 
tors of the state with the best 
possible services in cutting, 
utilization and marketing con- 
sistent with our limited funds 
and personnel,'' the Commission 
Director stated. 

Representatives from the 10 
forestry districts throughout the 
state were in attendance , includ- 
ing management foresters, dis- 
trict foresters, and management 
assistants of the Commission, and 



representatives of Middle Geor- 
gia forest industries, the U. S. 
Forest Service and the University 
of Georgia School of Forestry. 

W. H. McComb, assistant Commis- 
sion director in charge of forest 
management , directed the sessions. 

Deloach and John M. McElrath, 
Jeffreys-McElrath Manufacturing 
Company addressed the group at the 
opening session. McElrath em- 
phasized the ''Management Program 
from Sawmill Operator's View- 
point . ' 

From the University of Georgia 
School of Forestry, L.A. Har- 
greaves explained the importance 
of explicit reports and effective 
letter writing, and A. C. Worrell 
spoke on ''Marketing Forest Pro- 
ducts . ' ' 

J. A. Putnam, Southern Forest 
Experiment Station, Lectured on 
' 'Management Hardwoods' ' , and 
' 'Silvicultural Systems of Lo- 
blolly Pine'' was the topic dis- 
cussed by E. V. Brender, South- 
eastern Forest Experiment Station, 
who guided the group on a tour of 
experimental plots on the Hichiti 
National Forest. On this field 
trip John Barber, U. S. Forest ser- 
vice, demonstrated poisoning of 
hardwoods. 



Use and advantages of ' 'Plotless 
Timber Cruising ' were explained 
and demonstrated by D A. Craig, 
U. S Forest Service, Atlanta. 

The group visited various wood 
using industries in the vicinity 
forcl cser study ofwood utilization. 




DECORATED- -John Hammond, right, 
is cited for "meritorious service 
above and beyond the call of duty' ' 
in the timber-marking battle of 
Fort Mountain. Frank Eadie does 
the honors as Hammond stands ad- 
orned with can top and stogie. 

The Georgia Lumber and Veneer 
Company at Toombsboro and the 
Jeffreys-McElrath Company lands 
were among the sites and plants 
visited. 



COMMISSION MANAGEMENT FORESTERS TOUR MACON PLANT OF JEFFREYS-MCELRATH MANUFACTURING COMPANY, LEFT, BELOW 
J. A. Putnam, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Center, Right Photo, Lectures On Hardwood Log Grading 







■ 






T *f 







tfK* ^ 




- 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



"Jteatst, Shan't Bwut 
Pine tyedtiucU ^Jtteme 



rr 



May 1 has been set as the date 
for the eighth annual, and great- 
est, Pine Tree Festival. The 1953 
Festival theme"Learn, Don' t Burn" 
will be depicted in decoration 
and pagentry, with greenery form- 
ing a backdrop. 

Governor Herman Talmadge will 
be the principal speaker and act- 
ivities will include the elaborate 
festival parade forestry exhibits, 
demonstrations, stunts, plays, 




QUEEN OF THE PINE TREE FESTIVAL 
Miss Maurice Martin, 1952 Winner 

movies and contests. 

The annual Festival has at- 
tracted widespread attention, not 
only in Georgia but throughout 
the nation, as a novel and sti- 
mulating means of emphasizing the 
importance of crops harvested 
from the county's 280,986 acreas of 
woodlands. 

V. E Glenn, Superintendent of 
the Swainsboro High School, and 
president of theSwainsboroKiwanis 
Club, has been elected chairman 
of the Festival Committee. The 
Board of Directors is composed of 

Carlton Dekle, Vice Chairman; 
County Agen Earl Varner, Secre- 
tary; Boger Dekle, Treasurer; F. 
Mathis, Chairman of Finance; W.O. 



Phillips, School Bepresentative ; 
Noel Fowler, Carter Kea and Glenn 
Segars . 

The Festival is sponsored by the 
Kiwanis Club with all civic or- 
ganizations cooperating to make 
the gala day a success. 

The ' 'Pine Tree Sitter' ' stunt, 
originated for last year's Festi- 
val, will again be a highlight of 
the occasion. A large slash pine 
has been erected on the Court house 
square and the Sitter'' will, 
according to Chairman Glenn, 
''stay up ;this tree the entire 
month of April preceeding the 
festival May 1. ' ' 

During the 1952 observance, Bay 
Prinson lived for one month in a 
tinycabin, built among the branch- 
es of a tall pine tree on the pub- 
lic square. ''Each day,'' Glenn 
said, ''by special arrangement 
with the telephone company, Brin- 
son was interviewed over the local 
WJAT radio station, and he re- 
ceived letters, cards and tele- 
phone calls from all over Georgia, 
and from other states. 

A Oun, Q-onelU *1o£au r 

Education Venture 
9n Polk County 

Two newspapers and city and 
county schools in Polk County are 
cooperating with the Polk County 
Forestry Unit in a new venture in 
forestry education. 

' 'Our Forests Today' ' is a co- 
operative undertaking between the 
Polk County public schools, the 
Cedartown public schools, the 
Cedartown JStandard , the Bock- 
mart Journal, and the Forestry 
Unit. The purpose is to teach 
forestry and its relation with 
life and good citizenship, to 
provide teaching guides and in- 
struction materials for public 
school teachers, and to enlist the 
interest, cooperation and sup- 
port of school students and their 
parents in the forest conserva- 
tion program in Polk County. 

The series will work in this 
manner. Twice each week, on Tues- 



Sportsmen 

Distribute 
Pine Seed 

Hunters, anglers and sports- 
men throughout Georgia are parti- 
cipating in the Georgia Forestry 
Commission's latest reforestation 
program by distributing pine tree 

seed in areas they travel while 
taking part in forest sports. 
The Commission has pi aced 500, 
000 packets of seed in licensing 
offices of the Georgia Game and 

Fish Commission and each hunter 
or fisherman is given one packet 
with the purchase of a license. 

Each packet contains six to 
ten seed with full planting di- 
rections printed on the packet. 
These instructions also relate 
the need of reforesting Georgia's 
woodlands to improve hunting and 
fishing grounds of the state. 

"By thus soliciting the aid of 
our sportsmen and making them an 
integral part of this planting 
program," stated Guyton DeLoach, 
Director of the Commission, "we 
hope to impress upon them the ur- 
gent need of woodland management, 
reforestation and fire prevention. 
When the sportsman feels he has 
helped to grow more trees at his 
favorite hunting or fishing site, 
and has thus improved the area, 
he will think twice before being 
careless with wildfires. He will 
not want to see his recreational 
area burned, " DeLoach pointed out. 

''We believe this drive will 
have a lasting effect on the im- 
provement of our forest areas 
throughout the state, ' ' DeLoach 
said, ''not only by providing 
future timber crops, but through 
protection of existing forests. " 

days and Thursdays, a forestry 
column entitled ''Our Forests 
Today' ' will appear in the Cedar- 
town Standard, and each week an 
article will appear in the Bock- 
mart Journal in the regular issue 
on Thursday. 

Every second week on Thursday, a 
group of sample test questions 
will accompany the regular arti- 
cle. The test questions will be 
(Continued on Page 10) 



APRIL, 1953 



AT -FA Plans 
April 15 Meet 
In Valdosta 

The 1953 meeting of the American 
Turpentine Farmers Association 
Cooperative, to be held April 15 
in Valdosta, ''will be another 
record-breaker," according to an- 
nouncement by Ray Shirley, Assoc- 
iation Secretary. 

The annual meeting will be under 
the general chairmanship of George 
Shelton, Sr., Valdosta. ''The 
meeting will follow the same 
pattern as those in recent years, " 
Shelton stated, 'which means an 
interesting business session, 
good food and pretty girls on par- 
ade competing for the crown of 
Miss Gum Spirits of Turpentine of 
1953 

Election of directors and presi- 
dent of the Association will be an 
important part of the program. 
According to the by-laws adopted 
at the 1952 meeting, at least two 
directors are to be nominated from 
each Georgia District . The presi- 
dent is chosen from the board of 
directors. 

Judge Harley Langdale, founder 
of the Cooperative in 1936 and 
its president since that time, 
announced in early January he 
will not be a candidate for re- 
election as president of the As- 
sociation. Langdale named a com- 
mittee of five Georgia producers 
to nominate candidates for presi- 
dent , and asked that his name not 
be considered. Serving on the 
committee to consider the new 
nominees are Shelton, D. U. Carter, 
Adel; Frank Staten, Statenville; 
Clarence Newt en, Homerville; and 
H. F. Spears, Jr., Pearson. 

In issue ing the statement that 
he would not be a candidate Judge 
Langdale said, ' 'I have been con- 
nected with the association since 
its birth, and I have seen many 
ups and downs for the industry, I 
think after these years, it is 
well for others to serve . ' ' 

The stag supper on the 14th for 
early arrivals will be at the 
Valdosta Country Club, with Walv 
ter Autrey serving as chairman. 
Mrs. Billy Langdale is in charge 
of arrangements for the ladies' 
night reception and dinner, to 
be held that same evening at the 
Hotel Daniel Ashley. 



School 'potztt PnayMUH 



Union Bag and Paper Corporation 
is sponsoring a forestry contest 
for Future Farmers of America 
members and chapters in South 
Georgia in cooperation with the 
State Department of Education. 

To stimulate interest in better 
forests for Georgia, Union Bag is 
leasing forestry tracts of not 
less than 10 acres toschool trust- 
ees, without cost to the school, 
for FFA chapters for a period of 
ten years. 

Gh these tracts, members will 
carry out recommended forestry 
practices as learned in their 
classrooms under the supervision 
of their Vocational Agriculture 
Teachers, the conservation for- 
esters of Union Fag, and County 
Foresters and County Forest Ran- 
gers. 

Many chapters have already en- 
tered the contest, and FFA mem- 
bers have planted their school 
forests with seedlings donated 
by Union Bag and Paper Corpora- 
tion. 

PINE GROVE FFA SCHOOL FOREST- - 
The Pine Grove FFA Chapter, now 
taking part in the school forest 
project of Union Bag and Paper 
Corporation, conducts many varied 
pine planting programs. Henry 
kneeling in right photo, and 
George Mulligan show how the group 
planted seven milesof pine trees 
on the highway from their school 
to Valdosta. Advisor M. J. Lane 
with Touch ton, left, and Mulligan, 
in photo below, inspects four year 
old fines. Harry Coleman, right 
photo below, demonstrates use of 
the Chapter post treating plant. 



Prizes to be awarded by Union 
Bag to winners in this forestry 
program will include first prizes 
of $100 and second prizes of $50 
to chapters judged to have done 
the most outstanding work in for- 
estry project work. The indivi- 
dualwinning in each local chapter 
will receive a certificate of 
award. 

The $100 award to the winning 
teacher and FFA member will be 
used to defray their expenses to 
the National FFA convention in 
Kansas City. 

Winners for the state will be 
selected by representatives of 
Union Bag and the Supervisor of 
Vocational Agriculture. 





GEORGIA FORESTRY 



"Enforce Laws" 
Judge Charges 
Grand Jury 

Wider recognition by jurists of 
Georgia's forest fire protection 
laws is resulting in greater en- 
forcement and increased penalties 
for offenders . 

In his charge to the Grand Jury 
at the opening of Gordon Superior 
Court on February 23, Judge James 
H. Pascha 11 emphasized the impor- 
tance of enforcement of the laws 
for the protection of forests. 

Judge Paschall cited statistics 
from a report of the Department of 
the Interior showing the import- 
ance of the forest industry in the 
state's economy. He related that 
166,000 individuals are employed 
in the forestry industry in Geor- 
gia; the industry has an annual 
income of $600 million more than 
the combined income from cotton 
and tobacco, and that three four- 
ths of the world's supply of naval 
stores is produced in Georgia's 
forests. 

'There is no telling how many 
millions of dollars we .people of 
Georgia lose every year from for- 
est fires, ' ' Judge Paschall said. 
' 'During the past two years Gor- 
don County people have realized 
thousands of dollars from for- 
ests they previously thought were 
worth little or nothing.' ' 



Southern Bell Sponsors 
4-H Forestry Program 



Southern Bell Telephone and 
Telegraph Company will again this 
year sponsor the Georgia 4-H Club 
Forestry Program, according to 
announcement by Dorsey Dyer, For- 
ester of the University of Georgia 
Agricultural Extension Service, 
and H. J. Richardson, assistant 
state 4-H Club leader. The Ex- 
tension Service will conduct the 
program. 

Lane Hubbard, Georgia Manager 
of Southern Bell, said in making 
the sponsorship announcement, 
''It was a privilege to those of 
us in Southern Bell to sponsor 
the 4-H Club Forestry Program in 
Georgia in 1952 and we are exceed- 
ingly proud of the accomplish- 
ments of all the 4-Her's who have 
participated £ n this program. We 
are happy that we can again spon- 
sor this program in 1953. 

''We feel that the 4-H program 
is playing an important part in 
the development of Georgia's for- 
est resources and in making our 
state one of the leading forestry 
states, not only of the South, but 
of the Nation,'' Hubbard added. 

"The continuing intelligent 
development of our forestry re- 
sources will mean much to the 
welfare of the state as a whole 
and to us as individuals.' 1 

In his message to 4-H club mem- 



bers, Hubbard continued, ''You 
boys and girls who live on farms 
in our state know of the import- 
ance of forestry. You know that 
Georgia is a leading state in the 
South in forest products. From 
our forests each year come timber 
and pulpwood, naval stores and 
other products. 

' 'A large number of our citizens 
are dependent directly or indir- 
ectly on Georgia forests for their 
income. They realize that pine 
trees grow well on marginal land. 
They are putting land to use that 
formerly was of no value to agri- 
culture . 

' 'We welcome you into this pro- 
gram because you will receive a 
great deal of benefit from fores- 
try. Georgia needs more trees, 
and the people of the state are 
looking to you to complete refor- 
estation projects and to protect 
the growth of pines already mat- 
uring in the state . ' ' 

Hubbard pointed out that 3,219 
boys and 801 girls last year work- 
ed on forestry projects that in- 
cluded 16,909 acres of woodland. 
Chappel Collins, Jr., of Mitchell 
county was named National 4-H 
Forestry champion. Willard Cols- 
ton, Habersham county, won the 
honor in 1951 and Lynn Ogden of 
(Continued on Page 10) 



WEST LUMBER COMPANY SPONSORS PLANTING PROGRAM- - 
More than 250 Gwinnett County Future Farmers have 
qualified as expert tree planters by participating 
in tree planting programs at seven schools in the 
county sponsored by West Lumber Company, Atlanta. 
L. C. Hart Jr., Company Forester, served as instruc- 
tor and conducted the demonstrati ais with coopera- 
tion by Georgia Forestry Commission personnel and 



the various FFA advisors. In photo at left, Hart, 
right, shows proper handling of seedlings to Sugar 
Hill FFA members. At right, Hart, Advisor Ralph 
Head, left, and Assistant District Forester Raymond 
Hill, center, check progress of Snellville members. 
Also participating* in the program were the Ouluth, 
Bethesda, Grayson, Norcross and Dacula chapters. 
Signs will mark the various plantation sites. 




APRIL, 1953 



*7Ue Ro*uixlu<p. 

Foresters And Rangers In The News 



1 'Daredevil is the new nick- 
name for Chatham County Forest 
Ranger Ernest Edwards after his 
daring fire fighting in one of the 
most destructive fires to ever 
race through Chatham's forests. 

A wind-swept forest fire, fanned 
by winds of up to 35 miles an hour, 
threatened an esitmated $11,000, 
000 worth of Air National Guard 
equipment and many civilian homes 
in the area. The flames leaped 
across a 50 foot runway and threa- 
tened the entire Field building 
area, expensive vehicles, and ap- 
proximately 200,000 gallons of 
high octane gasoline, burning to 
within 90 yards of the gasoline 
depot. 

Vehicles were evacuated as fire- 
fighters fought desperately to 
keep the flames from igniting the 
building compound. Edwards moun- 
ted a bull-dozer, instructed 
crews to play streams of water 
on him, and then drove headlong 
into the flames to plow fire 
breaks. 



Fifty volunteers battled the 
fierce blaze for almost five hours 
with ''just about every weapon 
they could lay their hands on - 
brooms, shovels, bulldozers and 
water lines,' ' according to Major 
William H. Kelley, Base Detach- 
ment Commander of the Air National 
Guard. 

Major Kelly in a letter to Ed- 
wards, declared, ''This organiza- 
tion wishes to express its sin- 
cerestappreciation for the assis- 
tance given by you and your per- 
sonnel in controlling the forest 
fires in the Travis Field area on 
Sunday, 8 March 1953. The assis- 
tance given by you and the other 
volunteer fire fighters helped 
save valuable government proper- 
ty,'' Kelley said. 




'Ironical'' is the expression 
used by Terrell County Banger 
Lamar Gay in describing a forest 
fire in his county. 



''A man who was planting pine 
trees lit a cigarette and threw 
a match down without first break- 
ing it,'' Gay said. ''The match 
started a fire and burned not only 
the newly planted pine trees, but 
another man's pasture and into 
still another woods. The fire 
almost destroyed a tenant house. 

Banger Gay stated he ' had ra- 
ther stand by for a control burn 
than fight a wild- fire,'' and he 
urged those contemplating burning 
to plow a sufficient fire break, 
notify adjoining landowners and 
call the Terrell County Forestry 
Unit. 

Gay described a fire in the 
county started from a man setting 
a fire in a field of broomsedge. 
'There was no fire break plowed , ' ' 
he explained, ' 'and the adjoining 
landowner was not notified 24 
hours in advance of the burning. 
The fire crossed onto another s 
land and burned a beautiful field 
of clover that was ready for graz- 
ing. 



"GRAY GHOST' PLAY DEPICTS FIRE STORY- - 
The students and faculties of the Si loam 
and White Plains schools in Greene County 
recently produced the "Gray Ghost," a 
play depicting the tragedy of forest fires 
and the steps necessary in prevention and 
suppression of fires. Following each play 
Ranger H. E. Moore and Assistant Ranger 
Clarence Payne demonstrated fire fighting 
methods and equi pnent employed by the 
Greene County Forestry Unit, right photo 
below. Students, photo at right, man a 
forest lookout tower and after spotting 
fires, contact Rangers headquarters, left 
below. There the "Ranger" and his fire 
crew prepare for swift action in suppress- 
ing the fires. 











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COMMISSION PREPARES FOR 100 MILLION SEEDLING PRODUCTION- - 
With the completion of the Horseshoe Bend Nursery in Wheeler 
County in the early summer, annual production by the Georgia 



Forestry Commission' s state nurseries is e 
ted to reach 100 million forest tree seed 
within the next two years. Production cap 
of thenew nursery will be approximately 25 mi 
seedlings yearly. The nursery will be pi: 
for the 1953-' 54 shipping season and will 
as the distribution terminal for southeast i 
gia for all species grown by the Commission 



Mark Trail 
Essay Contest 



Wocd 14 Una 9+ukut>UeA 



9 



Winners Named ZdalUtiJtr Zap/Htd Plattd 



Edna Lea Weeks, seventh grade 
student of Mobile Grammar School, 
Fannin County, has been awarded 
top honors in the state-wide Mark 
Trail Conservation Essay Contest 
sponsored jointly by the Georgia 
Federation of Women's Clubs and 
the Georgia Power Company. 

Harllee Branch Jr., president 
of the Power Company, and Ed Dodd, 
Atlanta artist of ''Mark Trail'' 
comic stripefame, presented awards 
to ten Georgia school children in 
Atlanta on April 1 during the 
state convention of the Women's 
Clubs. The contest was a project 
of the Forests and Recreation Com- 
mittee of the Federation. Mrs. 
Richard D. Fox, Jr. , Dunwoody, is 
Conservation Chairman. 

Cash awards totaled $500 and 
more than 3,000 fifth, sixth and 
seventh grade students in Georgia 
entered essays on ''what Can We 
Do To Protect Our Forests and 
Wildlife 7 ". 

The $150 first prize awarded 
Miss Weeks was accompanied by an 
original drawing by Dodd. Freddy 
Tibbetts, Gainesville, won the 
$100 second prize, and Phil McRae , 
Talbotton, received the $75 third 
prize. 

Winners of $25 honorable men- 
tion awards were Janice Harrison, 
Eastanollee; Leigh Sanders, 
Cascade School, Atlanta; Martha 
Nell Robinson, Hartwell; Ann Gro- 
gan, Rockmart; John Dubber, Pal- 
myra School, Albany; Joe Akin, 
Midway School, Milledgeville ; 
and Betty Rabun, Thomson. 



Many wood using industries are 
locating plants in Georgia and 
established firms are expanding 
operations as the increasing har- 
vests from Georgia s woodlands 
make available more and more raw 
materials for processing. 

Announcement has been made of 
the formation in Atlanta of the 
Torphy-Fitzgibbons Lumber Com- 
pany, a wholesale organization 
which will handle both domestic 
and Canadian woods. J.B. Torphy, 
of Miquelon, Canada, is president 
and J. G. Fitzgibbons, Atlanta 
lumberman, is vice president and 
general manager. 

The Gainesville Box Company has 
been organized at Gainesville 
with the output of wood and wire 
boxes to be used primarily by the 
giant poultry industry of that 
area. The plant can produce 9,000 
boxes every 24 hours and they are 
delivered to customers flat and 
are locked into box shape as they 
are unpacked. Founders of the 
business are Harry Holland , presi- 
dent, Carl Smith, Vice-president 
and secretary and treasurer, and 
L. E. Holland, vice president. 

Final judges in the contest were 
Mills B. Lane, Jr., President, 
Citizens and Southern National 
Bank, of Atlanta; Miss Elizabeth 
Mason, Regional Director of Wo- 
men's Activities for the U. S. 
Forest Service; Walter A. Gresh, 
Assistant Regional Director, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service. 



The special loop which makes the 
final clamp hold the box securely 
was invented by the company. 

The Jasper Lumber Company, Jas- 
per, is now producing boxes at the 
rate of more than 1,000 boxes a 
day, and the mill is equipped to 
manufacture this item on a large 
scale. New equipment installed 
for box operation includes a box- 
board matcher, three modern nail- 
ing machines, a double-header 
corrugated machine, one router, a 
dado machine, a press for printing 
on wood, and other machines . Jack 
Adams is head of the lumber com- 
pany. 

The G. B. Hill Lumber Company, 
Cochran, is manufacturing fishing 
boats. The 12 and 14 foot boats, 
constructed of marine plywood, 
with weldwood glue and brass 
screws, are exceedingly light in 
we i ght . 

A new building materials firm, 
the Carlton-Lewis Supply Company 
has been opened by James E. Carl- 
ton and Donald I>ewis to serve the 
entire Atlanta area. The company 
will retail a complete line of 
building materials, including 
lumber, millwork, paint and hard- 
ware. The firm s new headquarters , 
including offices , warehous e, dis- 
play rooms and lumber sheds, is 
located at 1325 White Street, S.W. 

A modern veneer mill is now in 

operation in Sparta. The Sparta 

Manufacturing Corporation has 

installed a ''Moore Veneer Dry 

(Continued on Page 10) 



v 








j^t^'-* 




to at extreme left, land has been turned 
is being made ready for planting. At 
t, Nursery Superintendent Earl Wiegand, 
trader, and Assistant Nurseryman M. E. 
?man, on tractor, construct road beds 
High the nursery. Above, pine straw 
Lected from nearby forests will be used 
wlchonseed beds for holding moisture 



,***■** ' 



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and protecting the young trees. Above, stacked pipe will be used 
for the nursery's irrigation system. Water will be pumped to the 
seedling beds from an adjoining lake. 



4.H Clubs... 0oiHt'7H,eet&... Industries... 

(Continued, from Paoe 7) w I C0nti.n1i.pd from Paoe Ql 



(Continued from Page 7) 
Richmond County in 1950. Jean 
Willis of Tift County was the 
state girl winner last year, re- 
ceiving a trip to the National 
4-H Club Congress in Chicago as 
her award. 

The demonstration program is 
open to junior 4-H club members 
this year whereas only senior mem- 
bers could compete in previous 
years. Boys and girls from thro- 
ughout the state who are actively 
enrolled in a 4-H club forestry 
project are eligible to compete 
in various phases of the Forestry 
Program. Boys and girls will be 
awarded trips to the North Georgia 
4-H Forestry Camp at Camp Wahsega, 
near Dahlonega, July 20-25. Boys 
from North Georgia counties and 
girls from throughout the state 
are eligible and they must pay 
only transportation expenses to 
and from camp. 

Ten county agents and home dem- 
onstration agents are also to be 
given trips to the camp. 

Boys and girls in all Georgia 
counties who carry out forestry 
demonstrations and who are se- 
lected as county winners will be 
eligible to compete for district 
championships in one of six Geor- 
gia Extension Service districts. 

Prizes are offered for junior 
members this year. Every county 
winner who competes at a district 
project achievement meeting will 
receive a one -year subscription 
to the National 4-H Club News. 
First, second, and third place 
district champions will receive 
cash awards. 

The Senior boy and girl winner 



(Continued From Page k) 
Five directors are to be el- 
ected at the Association' s annual 
convention. Fifteen directors 
conduct the Association, with five 
elected each year for three year 
terms. 

All sessions beginning with the 
informal reception and ending 
with the Association's closing 
meeting are open to the public 
and all forestry enthusiasts are 
urged to attend. 

"Our Forests..." 

(Continued from Page 5) 
included in the column, and will 
cover the four articles that have 
appeared in the Standard during 
that week and the week immediately 
preceding, or the two articles 
that have appeared in the Rock- 
mart Journal. The teachers can 
prepare exams on the material 
covered, usingthe suggested ques- 
tions as a guide, and the stu- 
dents can use the questions as a 
guide in proparing for the exams. 
The columns appearing in the 
Standard and the Journal are to be 
required reading and study for all 
students in the 6th, 7th, and Pth 
grades and high school students, 
with the forestry series covering 
six weeks. 



in each county will get the Nat- 
ional 4-H News and silver medals. 
The 12 district champions - six 
boys and six girls - will receive 
free trips to the Georgia 4-H 
Club Congress in Atlanta in Oct- 
ober to compete for state honors. 



(Continued from. Page 9) 
Kiln , ' ' which is enabling the com- 
pany to speedup production to full 
capacity. Poplar, gum and other 
hardwoods are processed by the 
firm. 

The Taylor Cleat Company is a 
new timber-using corporation re- 
cently formed in Dougherty County. 
Owners Ralph Taylor and Mrs. Doro- 
thy Taylor, of Albany, and J. 
Everett Taylor of Tifton state 
that the general nature of the 
business is ''buying, owning and 
selling of timber and lumber pro- 
ducts of all kinds, the manufac- 
ture and sale of veneer products 
of all kinds, and boxes, contain- 
ers and other wood products.' 1 

The McRae Lumber Campany has 
opened a pine concentration yard, 
equipped with planing and green 
chain facilities, in McRae. Mem- 
bers of the partnership are Robert 
H. Rush, lumber manufacturer of 
Hawkinsville, and I. L.Hix, who 
will be in charge of operations. 

The Kintner Cabinet Shop, owned 
and operated by Frank Kintner and 
C. W. Pearson as partners, has 
been opened inTifton to do general 
millwork and make kitchen cabi- 
nets, screen windows and doors, 
built-in fixtures and similar 
items. 

National Container Corpora- 
tion's new pulp plant may be ready 
to begin operation by ''the last 
quarter of 1°53 '' according to.J.C. 
Footh, auditor of the company, now 
stationed in Valdosta. Work is 
now underway on the gigantic mill 
near Clyattville . 




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5' 



ORESTRY 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 



Fire Can Be 
Controlled By Use 

Salute To Georgia's Forest Program Of Common Sense 



(From the Rome News-Tribune) 



The Seaboard Air Line Rail- 
road pays tribute to Georgia's 
outstanding record in forestry 
development in one of its pub- 
lication, distributed nationally, 
is devoted to what our state is 
doing in forestry and conservation. 

Georgia has 25 million acres of 
forest lands, which comprose the 
state's most valuable renewable 
resource. More than 166 thousand 
Georgians are engaged in forest 
industries, with many thousands 
more dependentupon the forest re- 
sources for their livelihoods. 
The value of forest products of 
all types is more than a half 
billion dollars a year. 

The bulletin points out that 
95 per cent of a 11 the forest lands 
in Georgia is privately owned, 
and that the state now has more 
timbered area under organized 



fire protection than ever before 
in its history. 

Georgia has an aggregate naval 
stores production of 72 per cent 
of the United States supply, or 
30 per cent of the entire world 
output. Georgia leads in lumber 
and pulpwood production in the 
Southeast, and the nursery pro- 
gram also is at the top. 

' 'The forest management ser- 
vices of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission are designed to bring 
sound forest management to the 
maximumnumber of woodland areas, 
the bulletin says. ''Future tree 
crops are being planted at a record 
pace, as thousands of idle acres 
are stocked annually with forest 
tree seedlings, and Georgians are 
learning yearly of the state s 
forest resources and giving 
active vigorous support to the 
state, industrial and private 
forestry. ' ' 



Vol. 6 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

May, 1953 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Giiyton DeLoach, Director 



No. 5 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITOR Patricia McKemie 



DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA 

DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTR.'CT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



FORESTRY COMMISSION: 

DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



( From the Augusta Herald) 

Spring is the season of renew- 
ed life. It is also the season 
of forest fires. 

In spite of the wet weather we 
have had for the past two months,' 
Richmond County has already suf- 
fered considerable damage to its 
timberlands through forest fires. 

The damage was heavy as it was, 
but had it not been for the efforts 
of the Richmond county forestry 
unit aided by the units of Burke, 
Columbia and Warren counties it 
could have been greater. 

In view of the value of timber 
nowadays, the Richmond county 
unit has repaid its cost many 
times in the timber it has saved. 

The loss of any timber by fire 
is unnecessary, however, In fact, 
were it not for human careless- 
ness, few fires would ever break 
out in the forests here-abouts. 

It is true that on rare occasions 
lightning sets fires in forests, 
but these are so few that they 
are negligible. 

The careless smoker, nine times 

out of ten, is to blame for forest 
fires. 

As we have pointed out many t imes 
before, if all motorists all hunt- 
ers, sawmill workers and others 
engaged inwork in or near forests 
would observe a few simple rules, 
fires would be cut to a minimum. 

If all matches are put out, all 
cigaretts extinguished, and all 
campfires put out carefully, there 
is not excuse except arson for 
any fires that might occur. 

It is sensible practice to ob- 
serve these rules at all times, 
but it is imperative during the 
spring, when the winds are high 
and the leaves and grass are dry 
after winter's frosts, that we 
be doubly careful. 

The loss to timber from fire is 
great whether the trees are dam- 
aged or not. Destruction of the 
leaf mold and the pine strawcover- 
ing the forest floor deprives the 
trees not only of food but also 
drink. 

(Continued to Page 9) 



MAY, 1953 



A/ecu Gotutiied, 
Plan Qto&UnA} 



An additional 999,926 acres 
of forestland within the state 
will be under surveillance by 
County Forestry Units on July 1, 
1 Q 53 as a result of forest pro- 
tection agreement signed between 
the Georgia Forestry Commission 
and Dooly, Lee and Marion counties, 
Third Forestry District, Clay- 
ton County, Fourth District, 
Gwinnett and Lumpkin counties, 
Ninth District, and Oglethorpe 
county, Tenth District. 

More than 21/? million forest- 
land acres will be under the 
watchful supervision of 127 
County Forestry Units as the 
newly created Units begin oper- 
ation. 

In each county the state will 
erect forest fire lookout towers 
at no cost to the county and will 
assume two-thirds of the cost 
of operation of the Forestry 
Unit, with the county paying the 
remaining one-third cost. A sur- 
vey of each county will deter- 
mine the most advantageous lo- 
cations for Forestry Unit Head- 
quarters, and fire lookout towers . 



Ousi G&aesi 



Saluting Georgia' s press for 
i ;s outstanding service to forest 
: mservation, our cover pictures 
Mme of the more than 60 special 
'I eep Georgia Green" and forestry 
I i t ions that have been pub- 
shed by the dailies and weeklies 
1 the state. Georgia' s editors, 
Jo are joined solidly in the 
i ttle for good forestry are de- 
tting record amounts of news 
nl editorial space to this pur- 
ine, acting both individually 
nd cooperatively through the 
in tiring efforts of the Georgia 
i iss Association. 



23 Counties Commended 
For Reducing Fire Loss 



Twenty-three of the state's 
119 County Forestry Units have 
received official commendations 
from the Georgia Forestry Commi- 
ssion for "outstanding service 
in combatting forest fires and 
for drives that have reduced fire 
loss." These 23 counties have 
been selected for the "Less Than 
One-Fourth of One Percent Club, " 
a select group composed of County 
Forestry Units which have held 
the yearly fire loss in their res- 
pective counties to less than % 
of one percent of the total forest 
acreage. 

Units recognized for their for- 
est fire control achievements, 
their Foresters or Rangers, and 
the percentage of forestland loss 
from July 1,1952 through April 1, 
1953, include the following: 
Bacon, J. D. Bennett - - - .141% 

Baldwin, E. T. Meeks .076% 

Brantley, Avery Strickland- .237% 



Bryan, G. B. Williams- - 

Camden, C. W. Neill 

Clay, Cy Perkins - - - - 
Crawford, J. H. Rigdon - 



Elbert, A. M. 
Greene, H. G, 
Habersham, W. 
Jasper, M. 0. 
Jones, E. T. 



Mooney - - 
Moore- - - 
A. DeMore- 
McMichael- 
Carnes- - - 



Lamar, David Smith - - - - 

Laurens, G. L. Ricks - - - 

Macon, Chesley Gilmore - - 

Montgomery, J. C. Adams- - 

Morgan, Samuel Martin- - - 

Pike, H. M. Rawlings - - - 



Rabun, 


N. 


B 


Schley, 


L. 


S. 


Talbot, 


C. 


C. 


Twiggs, 


W. 


R. 


Wilkes. 


T. 


H. 



. 126% 
. 227% 
. 163% 
. 248% 
. 224% 
.083% 
. 230% 
.061% 
. 145% 
. 228% 
.215% 
.210% 
.217% 
. 124% 
. 224% 
.003% 
.115% 
.232% 
.204% 
. 043% 



Alter - 

Tondee - - 

Wiggins- - 

Barnes - - 

Bullard- - 

Guyton DeLoach, Director of the 

Commission, gave this praise in 

tendering a commendation to each 

Forester or Ranger heading the 

(Continued to Page 9) 



SEABOARD BULLETIN SPOTLIGHTS GEORGIA'S FORESTRY PROGRESS- -Governor 
Herman Talmadge admires the current Forestry Bulletin of the Seaboard 
Air Line Railroad as Robert N. Hoskins, the Company' s Industrial For- 
ester, left, and Guyton DeLoach, Director, Georgia Forestry Commission, 
right, look on. The specially prepared publication answers "the most 
asked" questions on Georgia' s timberlands, points out Georgia's out- 
standing forestry progress, outlines services to landowners offered 
by the Commission, and presents pictorial ly the Director, his assist- 
ants and the state' s ten District Foresters and their territories. 





4~ * 

COLUMBIA DEMONSTRATION COVERS FORESTRY FROM MARKING AND CUTTING TIMBER TO SUPPRESSING FOREST FIRES 
Right, spectators practice marking timber for cutting; left, Air Patrol Plane spots fire, directs crews 



/4t (ZolcCtH&la &e*H6*t4tl4ti<Mt 



A gay and sprightly lady became 
Georgia's 64th and newest certi- 
fied Tree Farmer when elderly Mrs. 
Louise H. Verdery was honored at 
ceremonies held -in connection 
with a forestry demonstration and 
barbecue held April 9 at the Hami- 
lton farm in northeast Columbia 
County. 

More than 200 persons gathered 
at the newly-designated 148 acre 
Hamilton Tree Farm near Grovetown 
to watch the official dedication 
of the Tree Farm certificate, to 
participate in the full-scale 
forestry demonstration held dur- 
ing the morning, and to enjoy the 
delicacies of a Georgia barbecue 
dinner as served by the hosts for 
the occasion, H. M. Verdery and 
W. H. Verdery. 



Cooperating in planning and 
presenting the day's activities 
were the Southern Pulpwood Con- 
servation Association, The Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, Macon 
Kraft Corporation, the Little 
River Soil Conservation district, 
The Georgia Agricultural Exten- 
sion Service, and the United 
States Forest Service. 

Presenting the Tree Farm certi- 
ficate to Mrs. Verdery was James 
C. Turner, District Forester, 
Georgia Forestry Commission who 
also directed the fire control 
demonstration, including use of 
air patrol in fire suppression. 
Howard J. Doyle, Area Forester, 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation 
Association and W. P. Johnson, 
(Continued on Page 10) 




64TH TREE FARMER--Mrs. Louise H. 
and W. H. Verdery show Tree Farm 
Certi f icate and Sign p resented her 
by District Forester J. C. Turner, 
right. W. R. Johnson, Macon Kraft 
Company, looks on from left. 



"FIRES ARE PIN-POINTED ON DISPATCHER'S MAP," EXPLAINS DISTRICT FORESTER J.C. TURNER, LEFT, HOLDING MIKE 
Right Photo, Columbia County Ranger Robert L. Hager, driving tractor, demonstrates plowing of firebreaks 



- , 






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MAY, 1953 



$1,000 To Be 

Awarded Six 
School Seniors 

The six Georgia High School 
seniors writing best essays on 
' 'What The Forests Mean To My 
Corrmunity' ' will be awarded cash 
prizes amounting to fl.OOO in a 
contest sponsored by Union Bag 
and Paper Corporation, and will 
be invited to Savannah as guests 
of the company, where presenta- 
tion of prizes will be made in 
mid-May. 

All senior students of member 
schools of the Georgia High 
School Association are eligible 
to compete in the contest and i- 
dentical prizes of $250 first 
prize, $150 second prize and 
$100 third prize will be awarded 
winning seniors whose high 
schools are located in counties 
over 20,000 population, and in 
counties under 20 ,000 population. 

A brochure, mailed to all high 
school principals and vocational 
agriculture teachers, explained 
that "Union Bag, which has always 
practiced and advocated good for- 
estry, is conducting this $1,000 
cash award contest as one means 
of encouraging high school seniors 
to acquire a greater knowledge of 
the value of Georgia's forests." 
The Paper Corporation has an- 
nounced that the final judging 
group will be composed of repre- 
sentative Georgians having no 
affiliation with the company. 



AteuA 2ueen 
(leiand. Oven, 

A1-4A Meet 

Lovely Miss Beth Harrell of 
Eastman was chosen to reign as 
Miss Gum Spirits of Turpentine 
of 1953 at the 17th Annual Con- 
vention of the American Turpen- 
tine Farmers Association held 
April 15 in Valdosta, home of 
the general offices of the As- 
sociation. Miss Harrell was 
sponsored by Association Dir- 
ector J. M. Cook, and won her 
title over a field of ten con- 
testants . 

Judge Harley Langdale was 
named to the Association presi- 
dency for his seventeenth con- 
secutive term. 

The following in addition to 
Langdale were named to serve as 
Directors of the Association for 
the coming year: S. 0. Spooner, 
Warwick; H. Lindsey Grace, 
Screven: B. M. Newton, Wiggins, 
Mississippi; 0. H. Bhodes.Wal- 
terboro, South Carolina; M. C. 
Stallworth, Jr., Vinegar Bend, 
Alabama; William Knabb, Mac- 
Clenny, Florida; B. H. Gibson, 
Tallahassee, Florida; J. M. 
Cook, McBae, and J. L. Gil lis, 
Jr. , So per ton. 

Opening the morning session, 
Beverend Albert S. Trulock, 
Pastor, First Methodist Church, 
Valdosta, delivered the invoca- 



PINE NEEDLE COSTUMES OF BEAUTY CONTESTANTS CATCH EYE OF SPECTATORS 
Judge Langdale presides over contest at 17th Annual AT-FA Meeting 





1953 MISS GUM TURPENTINE 
Miss Beth Harrell of Eastman 

tion. The Address of Welcome 
was given by Mayor John Giddens, 
and Judge langdale presented the 
Presidents Annual Report. Fea- 
tured addresses were made by 
D. W. Brooks, General Manager, 
Cotton Producers Association, 
and George P. Donaldson, Pres- 
ident, Abraham Baldwin Agricul- 
tural College, who spoke on 
'The Safety Valve. ' 




1953 PINE TREE ROYALTY 
Queen Emily Coleman, Swainsboro King Charles Jenkins, Suitmertown 



Eighth Emani 
Portrays Fore 



More than 20,000 spectat 
crowded into Swainsboro' s 
tree decorated streets, st( 
recreation areas, schools, 
ches and clubs on May 1, jos 
one another for a better vii 
the gigantic two mile long p 
the Emanuel County Progres: 
gent, guest speakers, beaut 
views, talent shows, exhil 
displays, air show and golf 
nament, and rhythmically pus 
bumping and elbowing their m 
bors at the two square dar 
the Pine Tree Ball, and all - 
sing, as the carnival spir 
the Eighth Annual Pine Tree 
tival reached a climax. 

Winning entries among 

School Floats were: Still 
first place; Emanuel Count 
stitute, second Place; anc 
field, third Place. The Exc 
Club placed first among or 
zational Floats with the 



BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE. EMANUEL COUNTY INSTITUTE FLOAT. SECOND PLACE WINNER 



STILLMORE SC 




►unty Festival 
salth 



rden Club and 4-H Club taking 
cond and third place respec- 
vely. Of the commercial floats 
e Mathis Lumber Company was 
e top winner; Union Bag and 
per Corporation placed second 
d Swainsboro Shirt Factory was 
ird place winner. 

Reigning over the festivities 
re Miss Emily Coleman, ofSwains- 
ro chosen Queen of the 1953 
stival. Charles Jenkins, Sum- 
~town was King, and to complete 
: court, Patsy Spence, Summer- 
m and Bobby Smith, Swainsboro 
~e selected as Princess and 
nee respectively. 

Tanner was the Essay Contest 
mer; Dodie McLeod prepared 
winning poster and the Do- 
es Dress Shop arranged the 
I t window display. 

(Continued on Page 10) 




Pir|eTre« 






I PRIZE WINNER 




teal 





Above, Ray Brinson, world' s 
first Pine Tree Sitter, descends 
with new 30-day record. Right, 
Governor Herman Talmadge gives 
principal address. Below, Ex- 
change Club Float. 




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-=r*d JT 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Boys Forestry Camp 
Staff, Speakers Named 



The more than 110 Future Far- 
mers of America chossen to at- 
tend the 1953 Georgia Boys For- 
estry Camp, to be held at Laura 
Walker State park, Waycross, 
June 15-21, will be instructed 
in the technical, theoretical 
and practical phases of forestry 
by some of the most outstanding 
woodsmen in the South. 

The oa«p this year is planned 
especially for FFA members from 
South Georgia with a full sche- 
dule of lectures, demonstrations, 
recreation and entertainment, 
provided to acquaint the youths 
with virtually every phase of 
farm forestry. 

The annual encampment is spon- 
sored by five member mills of the 
Southern Pulp Wood Conserva- 
tion Association with the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission con- 
ducting the camp. Sponsoring 
mills are the Macon Kraft Com- 
pany, Brunswick Pulp and Paper 
Company, St. Marys Kraft Cor- 
poration, Union Bag and Paper 
Corporation and Gair Woodlands, 
Inc. All expenses, other than 
transportation, are paid by 
sponsors . 

Serving on the camp staff will 
be: J. F. Spiers, Forester, Cen- 
tral of Georgia Railroad; Howard 
J. Doyle, Area Forester, South- 
ern Pulpwood Conservation As- 
sociation; H. E. Ruark, Assis- 
tant Director, Georgia Fores- 
try Commission; J. C. Turner, 
District Forester, Georgia For- 
estry Commission; B. E. Davis, 
Information and fcducat ion Chief, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; B. 
S. Booth District Banger, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, A.E. 
Davenport, Conservation For- 
ester, Union Bag and Paper Cor- 
poration; Eugene D. Martin, Con- 
servation Forester, Gair Wood- 
lands Corporation; John J. Gill 
Area Manager, Macon Kraft Com- 
pany; Sam Thacker, Assistant 
District Forester, Georgia For- 
estry Commission; James Be id, 
Assistant District Forester, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; 
Nelson L^rightwell. Assistant 
District Forester, Georgia For- 
estry Commission. 



Guest speakers will include 
Guyton DeLoach, Director, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, J. N. 
Baker, Supervisor, Vocational 
Agriculture Division, State De- 
partment of Education, and repre- 
sentatives of the sponsoring 
pulpmills and of the Georgia 
Chapters of Future Farmers of 
America. 

Between Begistration Monday 
afternoon, June 15, and the 
start of the homeward journey 
on Saturday morning, June 20, 
the Future Farmers will engage 
in a full program including the 
following studies: Fire Control, 
and Fire prevention, Thinning, 
Mensuration, reforestation, 
Marketing, Insects and Disease, 
Harvesting, Naval Stores and 
Tree Identification. 

Afternoon recreation periods 
will find the boys swimming, 
pitching horse shoes, and play- 
ing baseball, with a Champion- 
ship Baseball Game and Horse- 
shoe Tournament scheduled for 
Friday afternoon. One highlight 
of the week will be a field trip 
to the Okeefenokee Swamp Park. 

At the evening assemblies, en- 
tertainment will include movies, 
singing, square dancing, skit 
night, and awarding of prizes to 
the outstanding campers. A Grand 
Forestry Quiz will be held on 
Friday afternoon. 

Pay £*nJL Goti 

Positive proof that well man- 
aged forests will produce pro- 
fitable raturns was forceably 
presented recently with the an- 
nouncement that income from the 
sale of timber from the Fort 
Benning reservation will have 
paid for the entire land pur- 
chase by the end of 1953, accord- 
ing to results of a tentative 
audit show, released by Colonel 
Richard F. Ebbs, Infantry Center 
Engineer, for the post. 

The "paying forests' ' plan of 



Sett rfettal 

An Advanced Aerial Photo In- 
terpretation Short Course for 
Foresters, to be held at the Un- 
iversity of Georgia , June 9-13, 
will supplement and expand as- 
pe c t s of p h o t o g r a mme t r y 
considered in the regular Aerial- 
Photo InterpretationShortCourse 
for Foresters held annually at 
the University. Enrollment will 
be limited to 20 practicing for- 
esters acquainted with the gen- 
eral theories of photo-inter- 
pretation and use of basic photo- 
grammetric instruments in for- 
estry. 

Use of aerial photographs for 
boundary control, topographic 
mapping, stand area, dinsity and 
classification, tree height 
and volume determination, and 
strips or line-plot cruise lo- 
cation will be the subjects con- 
sidered, with lectures and lab- 
oratory work conducted on the 
University Campus and frequent 
field checks, held near Athens. 
Emphasis will be placed on gen- 
eral practical problems. 
The University urges those 
whose use of aerial photographs 
had been limited primarily to 
orientation in the field and as 
simple aids to field work, to 
first study the regular Short 
Course which will again be of- 
fered during the 1953-54 school 
year. 

A laboratory fee of $25 will 
be assessed and the fee should 
accompany applications for a re- 
servation in the course. Appli- 
cations and fees should be dir- 
ected to the Division of General 
Extension, Universityof Georgia, 
Athens. 



the Beservation has been so suc- 
cessful that a study of Fort 
Benning' s forest management pro- 
gram, with a view toincorporat ing 
conservation practices in other 
military areas, has been under- 
taken by Cy Webster, head fores- 
ter from the office of the Chief 

{Continued, on Page 10) 



MAY, 1953 



Foresters, Rangers in the News 



Students in nine Bibb County 
elementary schools participated 
in a Forest FirePrevention Poster 
Contest conducted recently by 
County Forester E. A. Woodall. 
Sponsoring the contest was the 
Macon Chapter, American Fed Cross . 

More than 225 posters were judg- 
ed on the basis of the message, 
artistic effect, originality, 
appearance and symmetry. Contest 
winners were: Barbara Jones, first 
place; Carol Thompson, second 
place; and Patsy Dominy, third. 

Schools participating in the 
contest included Alexander II, 
Bellevue, Charles H. Bruce, 
Cochran Field, Dr. JohnH. Heard, 
Florence Bernd, Joseph Clisby, 
Virgil Powers, and Whittle. Serv- 
ing as judges were Miss Virginia 
Hall, Elementary Schools Art 
Supervisor; Mrs. Henry Slocumb 
Director, Macon Chapter, Bed 
Cross and Woodall. 



forest fires and thus Keep Jef- 
ferson County Green. 

The movie was highly advertised 
over the county and the Forestry 
unit stationed ''Smokey,'' a live 
pet bear, in front of the Pal 
Theatre. Free forestry comic 
books were given away to children 
at both theatres. 





The Jefferson County Forestry 
Unit, the Pal and the Bebel Drive- 
Tn theatres in Ludiwici recently 
united to present Paramount 
Studios ''The Blazing Forest'', 
as part of the county's educa- 
tional program to help prevent 



County Forester B. J. Aycock 
and the Newton County Forestry 
Unit recently were lauded for the 
work they are doing over the coun- 
ty in keeping down forest fires. 
The praises were contained in a 
letter to the editor of the Con- 
yers News from W. C. Ivey, Newton 
County representative in the 
General Assembly, and mayor of 
Porterdale. 

In his letter, Bepresentative 
Ivey said, ''We had occasion to 
call these men out, late at night, 
recently to fight three large 
fires in our territory. They 
came immediately and had the fires 
under control in short order. I 
think the county should be proud 
of the good work these men are 
doing. ' ' 




WOODS DEMONSTRATION FOR SCOUTS- -More than 100 Atlanta Scouts, their 
parents and Scout Leaders attended the forestry demonstration and 
field day presented by the Fulton County Forestry Unit. In top right 
photo, boysplay "towerman" and sight imaginary fires through alidade 
at the Alpharetta Fire Tower. After a tower inspection, center right 

M 



photo, Fulton Forester W.G. Hyatt 
explains the operation of the Unit 
and its equipment, left, below. 
Boys enjoy free literature and 
forestry conic books distributed 
by Charles Fields, Fulton County 
Ranger, right, below. 




A4P9 OHeM 
4*4ee /Id Mali 

A new series of forestry adver- 
tising mats is now available to 
Georgia editors and publishers 
free upon request. American For- 
ests Products Industries, Inc. 
has released the 1953 proofbook 
of forestry ad mats, and ace on- 
panying series of different mats. 

Copies of the proofbooks have 
been mailed to all of the state's 
dailies and weeklies and addi- 
tional copies will be mailed upon 
request. The new series of mats 
is attractively illustrated and 
provides an increased variety of 
ad types, with ample provision 
for use of ads in sponsored space, 
or as donated space. 

The outstanding work of the 
country's press and radio in for- 
est conservation supplies the 
subject for one ad among the 
1953 series, while in another, 
Georgia's State Forester Guyton 
DeLoach is featured in a message 
designed to reduce fire loss from 
the destructive and ill-advised 
practice of burning in a futile 
effort of combat boll-weevil 
damage . 

As in previous years , the new 
proof book provides a handy post 



Controlling Fires. 

(C ontinued from Page 1) 

The decaying matter not only 
promotes the growth of the trees 
but stores moisture for the trees. 

This moisture also helps keep 
the water table of the land high 
and retards erosion. 

Thus it can be seen that forest 
fire damage is so farreaching 
that it affects the lives of every 
one of us. 

Let's keep this in mind and 
make the protection of our forests 
an individual matter. 

£oiAA 4iie £oU... 

(C ontinued from Page 2) 
respective Forestry Unit, and 
stated that " in keeping the for- 
estland loss from wildfire to less 
than one-quarter of an acre out 
of every one-hundred woodland acres 
protected by your Forestry Unit, 
you have, with the cooperation of 
the citizens of your county, per- 
formed an outstanding service to 
your community and to your state. " 
"This record "DeLoach continued, 
"is evidence of the consistent, 
diligent, and effective work per- 
formed by you and your associates 
in the Forestry Unit, and proves 

paid card for use in ordering 
proofbooks and mats from American 
Forest Products Industries, Inc., 
1816 N. Street, N. W. , Washington 
6, D. C. 




WOODY WEEPS over the grave o 
"Future Forest", victim of wild 
woods fires, as feature of ECI 
float in Emanuel Pine Tree Fes- 
tival. 



that through a cooperative spirit , 
the citizens of each Georgia 
county can overcome the forest 
fire hazard that constantly threa- 
tens our valuable timberlands. " 
DeLoach centered additional 
praise on 16 of the 23 Units for 
being "elected to the Fire Loss 
Reduction Club for two consecu- 
tive years." The 16 "repeat" 
Units are Bacon, Baldwin, Brant- 
ley, Bryan, Camden, Greene, Ha- 
bersham, Jasper, Jones, Lamar, 
Macon, Montgomery, Rabun, Talbot, 
Twiggs and Wilkes. 



ATTRACTIVE SIGN MARKS SOPERTON FFA FOREST-- The 12- 
acre forest of the Soperton Chapter, Future Farmers 
of America, officially opened in April with a dedi- 
cation ceremony and woods demonstrati oi. In left 
photo, Chapter President Larry Warnock and Vocation- 
al Ag Teacher Hubert Glisson admire the sign as J. 



N. Baker, Vocational Agricultural Supervisor, ex- 
plains that the program, co-sponsored by the State 
Department of Education and Union Bag and Paper Corp- 
oration, will include 40 Georgia schools. At right, 
G. W. Guinn, Filtered Rosin Products Inc., shows the 
use of acid stimulation for naval stores production. 





ORFUL FLOATS OF PINE TREE FESTIVAL. At left, Norristown entry. Right is Emanuel 4-H Club creation. 



Tree Farm... pt'^ *7*££ ^zaUucd... 



( C ontinued from. Page 3) 

Macon Kraft, joined efforts in 
leading the demonstration on 
thinning. T. H. Brown, SCS For- 
ester, demonstrated mechanical 
planting of pines, James Coad, 
Management Forseter, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, led dis- 
cussions on integrated utiliza- 
tion of forest products, and E.V. 
Brender , U. S. Forest Service, 
showed methods of hardwood con- 
control. Serving as master of 
ceremonies for the event was 
J. P. Blanchard, Superintendent 
of Schools, Columbia County. 

In making the Georgia Tree Farm 
award to Mrs. Verdery, Turner 
described the Verdery holdings 
as ' ' an outstanding example of 
the excellent cash returns that 
can be realized through the appli- 
cation of sound and adequate pro- 
tection and forest management 
practices to a woodland.' He 
outlined the monetary returns 
from the harvest of forest pro- 
iucts since the area was first 
ilaced under management in 1941, 
md emphasized thet ''even above 
hese very high returns the best 
md most valuable of the timber 
■ till remains on the land and is 
rowing fast toward the day when 
t will bring an even more hand- 
ome return to its owners. The 
erdery's'', continued Turner, 
'Cooperate fully with the Col- 



(Continued 

Directors and committee chair- 
men appointed by Chairman Glenn 

Glenn Segars, director of: Or- 
ganizational Floats, Ed Schwabe, 
chairman; Pine Tree Decorations, 
Leon Ray; Exhibits, William 
Black; and the Singing Conven- 
tion, Dr. C. C. Blankenship, 
chairman. 

Roger Dekle, director of: Com- 
mercmal Floats, H. C. Irvin, Chair- 
man; Declamations, Mrs. Joan 
White, chairman; Concessions, 
Lawson Wilkes, chairman, and 
Float Paper, Bob Darling. 

J. F. Ma this, director of Fes- 
tival finances, and of: School 
Floats, Maurice Boatwright, chair- 
man; Pine Tree Pageant, Al Hagan. 

County Agent Varner, director 
of: Festival Judging, Robert 
Humphrey, chairman; Sports Acti- 
vities, Frank Davis; Royalty con- 
test, Bobby Sasser. 

W. 0. Phillips, director of: 
Reception, Darius Brown; Tree 
Farmer, Ellis Boyd; and Parade 
Supervision, Bill Roundtree. 

Carter Kea, director of: Flag 
Decorations, Tom Martin, chair- 

umbia County Forestry Unit in fire 
control and in addition have a 
tractor and plow unit and hand- 
tools of their own which are kept 
in instant readiness for fight- 
mg. 



from Page 6 ) 
man the Platform, Ed Durden; Pine 
Tree Ball, Ralph Smith, Jr., and 
Public Address System, Jack 
Wisely, Chairman 

Mirtie Dockery supervised ta- 
lent, with Darwin Wommack and 
Mrs. Coy Youmans directing the 
Festival Prizes Committee and 
the Farm Bureau Queen selections, 
respectively. 

Mrs. Martha Daniel was chair- 
man of the Pine Arrangements 
committee, and Essay and Poster 
contests were conducted by Mrs. 
E. H. Youngblood and Mrs. H. S. 
Durden, Jr. 

Ft. Benning... 

(Continued from Page 7) 
of Engineers, Washington, D. C. , 
and Wendell R. Becton, represent- 
tative from Third Army's Engi- 
neer Section. 

Total cost of the Reservation 
was ft4,93R,993.47, Ebbs reveal- 
ed, and pointed out that this a- 
mount will have been more than 
recovered by the sale of lumber 
to Army and Navy purchasing agen- 
cies by the end of 1953. None of 
the lumber from Fort Benning has 
been put on the civilian market, 
Ebbs stated, and declared that 
timber cutting is carefullyplan- 
ned and cut areas are promptly 
reforested. 



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JUNE 
1953 



s 



'Keefc ^fieeK 



umen&i 



STEPHENS 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Spring Winds Present Danger 



(From the Cobb County Times) 



The pungent odor of burning 
grass, rubbish and brush drifts 
through nearly every community 
in Cobb County during the spring 
months. Many of these fires get 
beyond control, endanger lives 
and property. 

Burning over grass and brush 
areas and trash which has been 
stacking up in the attic and piled 
up during winter may be a benefi- 
cial spring clean-up of your 
property, but all citizens should 
know how to do the job properly 
and safely before starting. 

The following pointers will 
help you to remain on friendly 
terms with your neighbors and may 
save you money in the long run. 

Collect the proper tools for 
effective grass fire control. 
These include a heavy shovel , wet 
brooms, and a portable pump tank 
extinguisher if possible. 

Lay out lengths of garden hose 
equipped with a nozzle and con- 
nected to a good water supply if 



the area to be burned is near build- 
ings. Barrels or tanks of water 
should be handy if running water 
is not avai Jable . 

Be sure that sufficient help is 
standing by to lend assistance 
if needed. Stay in attendance un- 
til fire is extinguished. Never 
allow children near the burning 
area. 

Always choose a day when there 
is no breeze, but be prepared for 
one to spring up any time. 

Keep in mind that wind and wea- 
ther conditions, as well as con- 
ditions of grass or brush makes 
this type of burning tricky and 
unpredictable. The job should be 
tackled seriously and with full 
observance of all safety rules. 

If there is any doubt as to burn- 
ing the trash and grass persons 
should contact the local fire de- 
partment or the CobbCounty Banger. 
They are always more than glad to 
assist and cooperate in con- 
trolled burnings. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 




Vol. 6 June, 1953 


No. 6 


Published Monthly 




by the 




GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 




Guytou DcLoach, Director 




Members, Board of Commissioners: 


G. Philip Morgan, Chairman 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn 

C. M. Jordan, Jr. Alamo H. 0. Cummings ._ 


Savannah 

Waycross 

Donalsonville 

it the Post 
he Georgia 


Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter i 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of t 
Press Association. 

■Y- % & % 


EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITOR Patricia McKemie 


DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Statesboro Milledgeville 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Camilla Rome 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Americus Waycross 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Newnan Gainesville 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

McRae Washington 



This Is Season 
For Fire Cautior 
And Cooperatio: 

(Fran The Carroll County Georgia 

Carelessness causes most fire: 
Nearly every person or concer 
that experiences a fire can trac 
it to some carelessness. Someon 
allowed trash to accumulate in a 
unsafe location, someone over 
fired a stove or furnace to driv 
away the chill hurriedly, someorw 
knew the stove-pipe had a leakbi 
they hadn't got around to fixin 
it, someone knew the electri 
wiring was overloaded and expose 
and someone knew their neighbor 
woods would be endangered but the 
went ahead and burned off thei 
own timberland without takinj 
precautions, or being courteou 
enough to sound a warning. Wen 
it not for people being careless 
lazy and indifferent the fire in 
surance rates would not be sohig 
and the nation would be bette: 
off each year by millions of dol 
lars lost to fire. 



Named Keep Green Grand Champ i or 
in Georgia' s second annual contes 
was Schley County. In the mai 
cover photo Roney Jurdon, Schlt 
Keep Green Chairman, accepts tl 
$1,000 first prize from A. E. Pai 
terson. Looking on are, at left 
T. 0. Gresham, center, B.C. Pe! 
ham, and, at far right, Laurem 
Tondee, Schley Forest Ranger. 

Presentations were made at tl 
recent annual meeting of tl 
Georgia Forestry Association. 



Ben Hill County, runner-up 
the competition was represent 
by Keep Green Councilman W. 
Snowden and J. C. Bowen, Fore 
Ranger. Accepting the third pri 
for Greene County was H. E. Mooi 
Forest Ranger, shown being cc i 
gratulated by Carl Floyd, one 
the contest judges. Red Ramst* 
prominent Toccoa Keep Green C« 
mitteeman accepted the foui 
prize for Stephens County. 



JUNE, 1953 



Schley Named Keep Green Winner 
Highlighting Tri -Group Meetings 



Georgia' s 1953 Keep Green champ- 
ion is Schley County, with other 
front-running prizewinners being 
Ben Hill, Greene and Stephens 
counties. For the top spot in the 
second annual Keep Georgia Forests 
Green Contest, the Schley Keep 
Green Council was awarded the 
grand prize of $1,000. The Ben 
Hill Council received 1500, the 
Greene County Council 1300 and the 
Stephens County group S200. 

Naming of the winners and formal 
presentation of the awards cli- 
maxed the joint annual meetings 
of the Georgia Forestry Associa- 
tion, the Georgia Chapter, Society 
of American Foresters, and the 
Georgia School of Forestry Alumni 
Association held May 13 and 14 at 
the Dempsey Hotel in Macon. More 
than 250 foresters, industrialists, 
financiers, landowners, and con- 
servationists were in attendance 
at the sessions. 

Accepting the first place award, 
a crisp $1,000 bill, on behalf of 
Schley County, were Honey Jurdon 
and B. C, Pelham, Keep Green Com- 
mittee members, and Lawrence Ton- 
dee, Schley County Forest Banger . 
Ben Hill Forest Banger J. C. Bowen 
and Keep Green Committeeman W.R. 
Snowden represented the second- 
place winners. W. B. Johnson, 
Chairman of the Greene County 
Committee and Herbert E. Moore, 
County Forest Banger, accepted 



Bamsey, Stephens County Keep 
Green leader, and County Banger 
Joe Dean, receiving the fourth 
place prize. A. E. Patterson, Uni- 
versity of Georgia School of For- 
estry made the awards on behalf of 
the Georgia Forestry Association. 

A business session of the Geor- 
gia Chapter opened the combined 
meeting of the three groups on the 
morning of the 13th. C. Dorsey 
Dyer, Chapter Chairman, presided 
over the session. Evolving from 
the meeting discussions was the 
creation of a Georgia Forestry 
Council, for the ' 'purpose of 
giving the various groups and 
agencies an opportunity to dis- 
cuss with others programs and 
practices that the individual 
groups and organizations will 
follow, and not as a decision- 
making body. ' ' Named to the Coun- 
cil were Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; W.D. 
Weddell, Dean of the School of 
Forestry, University of Georgia; 
C. Dorsey Dyer, Forester, Georgia 
Agriculture Extension Service; 
W. B. Hine, U. S. Forest Service; 
H. J. Malsberger, Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association; 
J. H. Pond, Southern Pine Asso- 
ciation; Jim Spiers, Forester, 
Central of Georgia Bailroad, and 
T. A. Liefeld, Consultant Forester. 

The Alumni \ssociat ion held its 
annual meeting on the afternoon of 
(Continued on Page 10) 




ASSOCIATION GUEST SPEAKER- - 
E. T. Hawes, Vice President, West 
Lumber Company, Atlanta, points 
out "Problems of the Small Timber- 
land Owner" at the Georgia For- 
estry Association annual meeting. 
* * * * 

ALUMNI LEADERS- -H. E. Ruark, 
right, newly-eiected President of 
the Georgia School of Forestry 
Alumni Association is congratu- 
lated by John R. Hamilton, out- 
going President. 



f 



the third place award with Bed 

19530FFICERS OF THE GEORGIA CHAPTER, SOCIETY OF AMERICAN FORESTERS-- 
Chairman C. Dorsey Dyer, center, is flanked by Vice Chairman J. C. 
Turner, Jr., right, and Secretary- Treasurer E. T. Newsom, Jr., left. 




I 



f 



\_ 








GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Tree Planting 
In Georgia 

Leads Nation 

The 1952 report on total acres 
planted established another For- 
estry first for Georgia as the 
state led the entire nation in 
total acres planted to trees dur- 
ing that period. Furthermore, 
Georgia planted almost twice as 
much privately owned land as did 
36 other states combined, accord- 
ing to a report by the U. S. Forest 
Service. 

During the period of the sur- 
vey, a total of 50,338 acres were 
reforested in the state byprivate 
landowners, and federal, state 
and local governments, The large 
majority of all planting in the 
state, 49,504 acres, was accom- 
plished by private landowners, 
with the Federal Government re- 
stocking 545 acres and other 
public agencies 289 acres. 

In total acres reforested since 
the start of the state's nursery 
and reforestation programs, Geor- 
gia ranks fifth in the nation 
with a total of 357,258 acres 
planted in trees. 

Reforestation efforts in the 
South are the most vigorous in 
the nation in plantings on pri- 
vate lands, according to the For- 
est Service report. The three sou- 
thern Statesof Georgia, Louisiana 
and Mississippi planted more than 
one fourth of all of the private 
acres in the nation. Planting 
figures for Louisiana were 35, 
224 privately owned acres, and 
for Mississippi were 31,205. 

The survey emphasized the rise 
of planting by private owners on 
their own lands during recent 
years, as compared with the de- 
cline of planting by governmental 
agencies. During the three years, 
1950-'52, on a nationwide basis, 
79 percent of the land planted 
was privately owned and 21 per- 
cent was government owned. In the 
three years preceeding World War 
II, 1939- '41, the proportion of 
planting was 49 percent private 
and 51 percent government owned 
land. 






It takes initiative to make 
any program successful. And in 
Ben Hill County Emory Wilcox, a 
Negro farmer, demonstrated just 
what personal iniative can do to 
make a Keep Green Program an act- 
ive, integral part in the lives of 
farmers and their families. 

After hearing plans of the Ben 
Hill Keep Green program announced 
on the radio and in local news- 
papers, and having been interested 
in forest protection for many 
years , Wilcox with his sons, cir- 
culated among their fellow far- 
mers, talking of the need for 
fire prevention and f crest pro- 
tection, and explaining what the 
families in their community could 
do to better their farm woods, and 
help the County' s Keep Green pro- 
gram. 

With no outside help, Wilcox or- 
ganized a group of 25 friends and 
neighbors in the Dominy Mill 
community, located nine miles 
northeast of Fitzgerald. The 
group formulated practical rules 
and regulations for any and all 
burning on farms. The name of 
each family was listed with the 
f cl lowing coding beside the name: 
''0'', ownership by one person; 
''F.O. ' ' Family ownership; ''X'' 



Cooperation very good; ''E" ( 
Nothing against Him or Her; and 
V. L. , Regulations have been 
broken. 

The follwoing is the re port made 
by Wilcox: 

' 'We the colored Farmers of the 

Dominy Mill Community have been 

educated to the fact that forest 

fires are one of our worst enemies. 

"Now we have come together and 
we work together to prevent forest 
fires by control burning. We cut 
firebreaks and burn in the after- 
noon when the wind is very calm. 
''For the past five years we 
have had a fine young growth of 
young trees growing on idle and 
woodless land. Why? It is because 
we can now see that forest fires 
don' t pay off. 

' 'And again we have learned 
that burning the forests burns 
up dollars and cents, hundreds of 
feet of lumber and thousands of 
barrels of gum. 

' 'We keep a lertby reading news- 
papers and by radio programs . 
1 'Now in the winter of 1952 we 
were issued by the County Agent 
poster signs. They were tacked 
up at our churches and on the 
Highways and in the woods." 



OUTSTANDING SCRAPBOOKS ENTERED IN KEEP GEORGIA GREEN CONTEST- - 
Admiring scrapbooks entered in the Keep Georgia Forests Green Contest 
are Professor L. W. R. Jackson, School of Forestry, University of 
Georgia, right, and Turner County Forester J. Walter Huntemann, 
Inlaid cover designs, color photographs, hand painted pages, and 
many other elaborate and unique ideas were used by Counties to pre- 
sent reports of progress made in forest protection and fire preven- 
tion programs during the Contest. 



C^ ENTRIES ■% 

IN THE 






JUNE, 1953 



Qiee^teA. fyot&iti.- - Qett&i JlivUuj 



Contest Winners 
Formulas For Success 



Take one Vigorous Keep Green 
Council. Add Complete Citizens' 
Cooperation. Mix well with an 
Energetic, Imaginative Forest 
Ranger. Let simmer for one year. 
And the result is an outstanding 
and profitable program designed 
to Keep Schley County Green. 

That is the Schley County for- 
mula for Greener Forests and Bet- 
ter Living. And the formula paid 
off in a crisp, new $1,000 bill 
for the County as first place 
winner, and an additional $100 for 
Forest Ranger L. S. Tondee, chosen 
''the most outstanding Forest 
Ranger,'' in the Georgia Fores- 
try Ass cciation' s ' 'Keep Georgia 
Forests Green'' county contest. 

Eight council members of the 
Schley County Keep Green Com- 
mittee, which met semi-monthly 
during the contest , formed groups 
which saturated the county with 
fire prevention and forest pro- 
tection projects of varied and 
unique natures. 

One of the most, outstand- 
ing features of the Schley pro- 
gram was the organization of vol- 
unteer fire units formed in com- 
munities over the county. Unof- 
ficial fire headquarters were 
set up in the communities and far- 



mers pooled equipment for com- 
batting forest fires. 

Ranger Tondee smilingly de- 
clared that ' 'only 10 fires occur- 
red in our county during the past 
year and Schley citizens phoned 
Unit Headquarters to report the 
fires before the blazes became 
large enough for our towermen 
to spot. 

' 'Volunteer farm equipment was 
in use suppressing every fire,'' 
Tondee continued, ''even before 
the County Forestry Unit 's equip- 
ment could arrive. We investi- 
gated the cause oi each fire, 
and follow-ups were made to pre- 
vent future occurrence. ' ' 

The Scrapbook presented to the 
Association as a summary of the 
progress made in Schley County 
during the contest, outlined 
numerous projects, including; 
a sportsman's pledge issued with 
hunting and fishing licenses; a 
special Keep Green edition of 
the Ellaville Sun printed on 
wrapping paper and distributed 
throughout the county; an essay 
contest, one for white and one 
for colored schools, offering 
two $25 defense bonds as prizes; 
and all forest industries and 
their personnel in the county 
were contacted. 



KEEP GREEN CONTEST JUDGES AND PRIZE WINNING SCHLEY REPRESENTATIVES- - 
Left to right, Elmo Hester, Farm Editor, Atlanta Journal; Roney Jurden, 
Schley Keep Green Council; C. F. Evans, Forester; L.S. Tondee, Schley 
Forest Ranger; and Carl Floyd, Vice President, Fulton National Bank. 




\ 



$r 'Mr 

lay 




FORESTERS ADDRESS GFA MEETING- - 
"How To Get The Results Of Research 
In Practice" is explained at the 
Georgia Forestry Association's 
annual meeting by John C. Barber, 
Research Forester, U. S. Forest 
Service, above. Albert C. Wor- 
rell, Assistant Professor, Univer- 
sity of Georgia School of Forestry, 
speaks on "Costs of Producing 
Forestry in the South," below. 




Profitable and productive Keep 
Green formulas were also brewed- 
up by Ben Hill , Greene and Stephens 
counties, the Second, Third and 
Fourth placecontest winners, res- 
pectively. The counties profited 
net only from the $500, $300, and 
$200 prizes awarded by the Asso- 
ciation, but through greener, 
more productive and better pro- 
tected forest lands. 

Ben Hill County carried out nu- 
merous forestry educational pro- 
jects, with the county's activi- 
ties centered around Keep Georgia 
Green Week. Miss Gum Turpentine 
reigned over the week's activi- 
ties which included: Fitzgerald 
decorated with pine trees, window 
displays and banners; a Keep 
Green parade with white and color- 
ed bands and 30 commercial and 
school floats; an address by Lieu- 
tenant Governor Marvin Griffin; a 
forestry program in the green de- 
corated football stadium; a spec- 
ial Keep Green edition of the 
Fitzgerald Herald; sermons by 
ministers delivered during the 
(Continued on Page 10) 



SPC A Hold 
Area Three 
Pulp Meet 

The Area Three summer meet- 
ing of the Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association 
brought together more than 125 
pulpwood producers and dealers, 
Association Conservation For- 
esters, and representatives of 
the Association's member mills, 
for a one day session held June 
3 at the General Oglethorpe Ho- 
tel in Savannah, Georgia. 

During the morning session, 
the Conservation Foresters and 
AreaDe legates reviewed the samp- 
ling activities of the Associa- 
tion. 

In the afternoon two talks 
and a panel discussion were pre- 
sided over by AreaChairman S.K. 
Hudson, Container Corporation 
of America. ''Forest Insects, 
Their Cost and Control'' was 
the subject of an illustrated 
slide lecture by Joe Kowal, 
Bureau of Entomology and Plant 
Quarantine, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, and ' 'The Program 
of Tree Improvement and Its 
Potentialities,'' was outlined 
by Ken Pomeroy, Lake City Re- 
search Center, Southeastern 
Forest Experiment Station. 

The afternoon' s panel discus- 
sion, ' 'The Landowner- -Are We 
Peaching Him?' ' , was moderated 
by Jim Fisher, Brunswick Pulp 
and Paper Company, with panel 
members Sam Lyles, Jr., Union 
Bag and Paper Corporation, Joe 
Hogan, International Paper Com- 
pany, and Rex Nance, Rayonier, 
Inc., participating. 

In the late afternoon the Area 
Delegates convened, followed by 
a social hour and banquet. G. P. 
LeMoyne, Atlantic Coast Line 
Railroad, served as Master of 
Ceremonies at the Banquet. 

Other Area Meetings of the 
Association were held as fok- 
lows: Area One, May 6, Plaza 
Hotel, Huntsville, Texas; Area 
Two, June 9-10, Buena Vista Ho- 
tel, Biloxi, Mississippi; and 
Area Four, May 20, Carolinian 
Hotel, Nags Head, NorthCarolina. 




NEW HEADQUARTERS OF CHATHAM COUNTY FORESTRY UNIT OFFICIALLY OPENED- 
The Chatham County Forestry Unit officially opened the doors of its 
new Headquarters building on May 1 and marked the occasion with a 
dedication ceremony and Barbecue luncheon for the many Chatham coun- 
tians in attendance. The one story, brick and shingle building is 
of modernistic design, picturesquely and aptly situated in a level 
wooded area. In photo above, Chatham Forest Ranger Ernest Edwards, 
right, and First District Forester Walter N. Stone, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, "break- in" the pine paneled conference room. The Head- 
quarters building also includes ample office space for the Ranger, 
Dispatcher and other assistants, shower facilities for fire crews, 
and storage space. Garage facilities for Unit fire fighting vehicles 
are located to the rear of the headquarters. In photo below, Ran- 
ger Edwards points out a few of the construction features to Dis- 
trict Forester Stone. 







JUNE, 1953 






To recognize Ge crgia' s f irst-- 
and the nation's second ''Tree 
Farm Family, ' ' more than 375 for- 
esters, business leaders and 
woodland owners gathered May 26 
at the Doraville Plant of the 
West Lumber Company to witness 
the official presentation of 
Tree Farm Certificates and Signs 
to 24 Landowners from Fulton, 
Butts, Cobb, DeKalb, White and 
Gwinnett Counties. 

Governor lalmadge an( j Guyton 
DeLoach, Director of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, commended 
the new Tree Farmers and the West 
Lumber Company for instituting 
the ''Tree Farm Family' 'program, 
which brought together the 24 
landowners through their mutual 
interest in taking advantage of 
a plan offered by West to pro- 
vide small wood lot owners pro- 
fessional supervision and man- 
agement of non-company owned 
forestlands without cost or ob- 
ligation. 



' 'Your best investment in Geor- 
gia today is putting submarginal 
lands into pines,'' Governor 
Talmadge stated as he cited the 
importance of the state's forests 
which yearly bring a f 600million 
income to the state, and provide 
employment for 166,000 workers. 

Explainingthe operation of the 
' 'Tree Farm Family' ' plan Dir- 
ector DeLoach pointed out that 
although the Georgia Tree Farm 
System originated in 194P, the 
idea of a ''Tree Farm Family,' 1 
composed of individual landowners 
in the area served by a forest 
industry ''had its Georgia ori- 
gin with theWest Tree Farm Family 
which we honor today. ' ' 

Preceding the Tree Farm pre- 
sentations by Governor Talmadge 
and Director DeLoach, E. T. Hawes 
and L. C. Hart, Jr., West's In- 
dustrial Foresters, conducted 
a forestry demonstration of pro- 
per and improper harvesting 
practices . 



FIRST GEORGIA TREE FARM FAMILY- -Photo 1, Governor Herman Talmadge, 
left, presents the Tree Farm Certificate awarded West Lumber Company 
to George C. West, President of the Company. Looking on is Guyton 
DeLoach, Director, Georgia Forestry Commission. Photo 2, Govern <r 
Talmadge and West discuss the merits of the Tree Farm Program in 
Georgia. Photo 3, the 24 new Georgia Tree Farmers officially recog- 
nized at the ceremonies, pose for a family photograph. Photo 4, 
preceding the Tree Farm ceremonies, E. T. Hawes, Vice President and 
Forester for the Company, conducts a forestry demonstration stress- 
ing proper cutting methods. 





GEORGIA FORESTRY 






When Johnny Mize slammed a home- 
run to win the 1952 World Series 
for the New York Yankees, the bat 
he used to apply the coupe de 
Grace' was a product of a Georgia 
forest industry the Hanna Manu- 
facturing Company of Athens . 

Producing more than a million 
bats a year for use throughout 
the world, the Hanna Company plant 
has been located in Athens for the 
last twenty eight years. 



These pioneers of the bat indus- 
try moved into Georgia as early 
as 1917. Here they began buying 
and cutting high-quality even- 
grcwn ash and hickory timber 
which was first converted into 
tool handles and later into soft- 
ball and baseball bats. This oper- 
ation continued to thrive in Geor- 
gia until the commercial supply 
of high-grade ash and hickory was 
depleted in 1942. At this crucial 



MASS PRODUCTION OF HIGH QUALITY BATS BY "BATTERY" OF MACHINE LATHES 
Some lathes have as many as 50 different blades cutting simultaneously 





BATS COMING OFF SANDING MACHINE ARE INSPECTED BY 
Mel Bond, foreground, Hanna Plant Superintendent, 
in photo at left below. This sander is a unique 



BILLETS ARRIVE AT HANNA PLANT- - 
Timber Department Foreman Moody 
inspects racked-up billets. Bil- 
lets arrive at the plant in this 
form and are partially seasoned 
prior to turning on the lathes. 

period the Hanna Manufacturing 
Company was forced to look to 
other states f <r bat timber. Hick; - 
ory and Ash for softball and base- 
ball bats is obtained from Alabama 
and Tennessee, and wood for high 
quality baseball bats is import- 
ed from the Catskill Mountains 
in New York where even -grown Ash 
and Hickory produces a fine-grain- 
ed texture which is desirable in 
manufacturing baseball bats. 

Officials of the Hanna Company 
look forward to the day when a 
supply of Georgia timber will a- 
gain be available in sufficient 
quantities to again make cutting 
(Continued on Page 10) 
creation by the Company for this particular sanding 
operation. In rightphoto, Hanna Company' s "Bat rite" 
trademark is pressed into bats by heated stamper. 




rfhe HourtdufL 



JUNE, 1953 



Foresters And Rangers In The News 



Will iard Smith and Parbara Mc- 
Intyre have been declared win- 
ners of a ' 'scavanger hunt' ' to 
find the biggest pine and hard- 
wood trees within the boundaires 
of Fen Hill County. The Potary 
Club in cooperation with the 
' 'Keep Creen' ' council conducted 
the contest, offering a prize 
of ft 10 for the biggest pine and 
ft 5 for the biggest hardwood tree, 
excluding cypress and tupelo 
gum. 

Size of trees were determined 
by circumference of the trunk 
4A feet above the ground. The 
Pen Hill County Forestry Unit 
measured numerous trees believed 
toqualifyas the county' s largest . 

Smith found the largest Pine 
on the Marion Dickson farm. The 
tree measured eight feet, two 
and a half inches. 

The hardwood discovered by 
Miss Mclntyre was an old oak 
growing on the farm of her father, 
S. G. Mclntyre. The tree mea- 
sured seventeen feet, two in- 
ches and had a limb spread of 
114 feet. 




First hand teaching of forestry 
will be possible at Poston School, 
Thomas County, as the result of a 
school-wide tree planting pro- 
ject. 

Three acres of the school grounds 
which had been laying idle for 
several years have been put to 
practical use in the form of a 
demonstration forest in which 
the entire student body has a 
definite interest. According to 
their ability, each grade from 
first through high school took 
part in the work. 

The planting was undertaken for 
the purpose of supplying students 
with an easily accessible forest, 
thus eliminating the necessity of 



displacing students 
school grounds. 



The planting, which was com- 
pleted in mid-January, was under 



from the the supervision of Pobert 0. 
Clyatt, Thomas County Forest 
Ranger; H. H. Parrett of the 
school faculty; and W. L. Whittle, 
County Agent. 




WAYNE SENTINEL ONE OF TALLEST IN STATE--This 120 foot Derrick type 
Forest Fire Lookout Tower which stands guard over Wayne County For- 
ests is one of the two tallest of its kind in the state. The Georgia 
Forestry Commission, with assistance from the Wayne County Forestry 
Unit, erected the towering forest protector at no cost to the county. 
The Commission has placed in operation 38 Derrick type Towers over 
the state, including the two 120 foot sentinels and 36 towers which 
reach 96 feet in height. 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Quality And 2i f tiL^xUi04t 
EheUed At %ade Sc/toai 



More than 125 foresters, timber 
operators, timber land owners, and 
industrialists gathered in Tren- 
ton, Georgia on May 20 at the A.L. 
Dyer Lumber Company to attend the 
Dade County sawmill and logging 
conference. 

The morning activities were open- 
ed by a panel of speakers repre- 
senting TVA, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, Georgia Extension 
Service and sawmill and logging 





"STEPS TOWARDS GOOD MANAGEMENT" -- 
Present and potential forest pro- 
duction is pointed out by W. N. 
Darwin, TVA Forester, during a 
discussion of Togging Facts." 



equipment operators. This con- 
ference gave primary considera- 
tion to the logging phase of the 
timber operation. Data carefully 
selected from 25 logging opera- 
tions on every phase of logging- - 
felling, bucking, skidding, load- 
ing, and hauling--were used to 
show the operation cost of each 
phase, how logging costs vary by 
logging methods and size of tim- 
ber; and what should be done to 
reduce cost of a timber operation. 

The responsibility of timber 
operators in woodland management 
was given a thorough treatment by 
C. Dorsey Dyer, Forester, Georgia 
Extension Service, Athens, Geor- 
gia. 

A review of logging facts, based 
on information gathered from TVA 
Projects, was presented by W.N. 
Darwin, TVA Forester, Morris, 
Tennessee. 

The value of selective cutting 
was presented to the group by W. H. 
McComb, Assistant Director, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission. ''The 
History of Forestry in Georgia, ' ' 
stated McComb, ''is no different 
world over. First we started with 
virgin forest, clearcut and de- 
pleted the land, build back and 
eventually get around to applying 
better forest policy. You would 
not hesitate to call a doctor if 
you were ill," exclaimed McComb, 
to the timber operators, ' 'so why 
hesitate to consult a forester 




HALL COUNTY LANDMARK BURNS- - 
Charred timbers and gaunt pillars 
are all that remain of the histor- 
ical Keith Bridge on the Cummings- 
Gainesville Highway, which joins 
Hall and Forsyth counties. Al- 
ready on the scene combatting a 

when you need advice with your 
timber problems. Take advantage 
of the free service offered by the 
Forestry Commission. 

A discussion of log grades, pro- 
duction rates, and air seasoning 
was covered by B.C. Cobb, TVA For- 
ester. "Emphasis," said Cobb, 
''should be placed on tree 
grade in the woods as well as log 
grade. Close grade supervision 
will assist the timber operators 
in determing timber value. 

Charles R. Page, Jr. Consultant 
Forester , of Chattanooga, discuss- 
ed the ways a Consultant Forester 
can assist the timber operators. 

Representatives of equipment 
firms discussed logging equip- 
ment and sawmill maintenace. 



LOG GRADING DEMONSTRATION IS CONDUCTED BY H. A. JOHNSON, TVA FORESTER, LEFT, BELOW 
Below, right, equipment company representatives show versatility of power chain saws. 




&k 








s fire, the fire suppression ef- 
sof the Hall County Forestry Unit 
1 not save the bridge as the forest 
ignited ancient timbers of the 
■used crossing. As the woods fire 
L , closer, the dry-old wood rapidly 




caught fire and the bridge was completely destroyed. After collapsing 
into the water, right photo, the burned timbers floated away downstream. 



GFA Meet.. 5^<£ (?o*tte4t.. Bat Factory. 

{Continued from. Page 2) J ,_ ,. , . d„„„ n\ 



{Continued from. Page 2) 
the 13th. Presiding was John R. 
Hamilton, president. Highlighting 
this session was the announcement 
of the newly-elected of ficers, in- 
cluding H. E. Ruark, Assistant 
Director, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, President; Charlie Can- 
non, Union Bag and Paper Corpora- 
tion, Vice President; and Bruce 
McGregor, Southern Pine Associa- 
tion, Secretary. 

A joint session of the Associa- 
tion, S.A.F. and Alumni Associa- 
tion opened the final day of the 
Forestry Association's meeting. 

E. T. Hawes, Vice President of 
West Lumber Company, Atlanta, 
stated that ' 'the problems of the 
small timberland owners are creat- 
ed by a lack of faith in industry. 
Confidence can be restored through 
an educational program and better 
informed timberland owners. The 
change will come only when the 
shame connected with poor cutting 
will demand thrifty management 
and new forest practices. 

Albert C. Worrell, Assistant 
Professor, School of Forestry, 
University of Georgia, discussed 
the ''Cost of Producing Forestry 
in the South. ' ' 

' 'How to Get the Results of Re- 
search in Practice' ' was the topic 
of John C. Barber, Research Fores- 
ter of the U. S. Forest Service . 



{Continued from. Page U) 

week on forestry and fire pre- 
vention; and use of green ink and 
typewriter ribbons by businessmen 
to emphasize the ''green'' theme. 

A Ben Hill essay contest held 
in the county's schools was spon- 
sored by the Keep Green Council, 
and two Arbor Day programs were 
conducted by the Future Farmers 
of America. Two junior forest ran- 
gers clubs were organized by Coun- 
ty Ranger J. C. Bowen. 

A summary of activities which 
won third place for Greene County 
include a special Keep Green news- 
paper edition; mailing of ten 
thousand bank fillers with for- 
estry themes in statements each 
month for five months; school stu- 
dents awarded 230 Junior Forest 
Wardens' badges, and school plays 
and stunts held at each school. 

By proclamation, Stephens, which 
won fourth place, was named the 
"Green Gold County," and highway 
signs notified motorists to pre- 
vent forest fires in the "Green 
Gold" county. During Keep Green 
Week, aStephesn Green Gold Queen 
was named; the streets were dec- 
orated with pines and every school 
child in the county planted trees. 
A Christmas parade featured for- 
estry floats. 



{Continued from. Page 7) 

operations commercially fea- 
sible, and they believe that the 
state's program of fire protect- 
tion, management and reforesta- 
is hastening this day. 

Wood billets come into the fin- 
ishing plant in Athens 38 to 40 
inches in length. The wood is 
partially seasoned upon arrival 
and the ends are waxed to prevent 
checking. The billets are further 
seasoned to less than 14 percent 
moisture content and then passed 
to the production line where the 
round timbers are turned in the 
lathes carefully graded, sanded, 
and finally impregnated with a 
stain and glue binder which im- 
proves the tensil strength of the 
batting surface. 

More than nine hundred models, 
lengths and weights are manu - 
factufed at the Athens plant. 
Bats are shipped to every state 
in the nation, Porto Rico, Cuba, 
Mexico, Hawaii, and many other 
foreign countries. 

Major league players from many 
of the outstanding ball clubs have 
for many years had their personal 
bats custom made at the Hanna 
Manufacturing Company's plant in 
Athens. All major league base- 
ball bats are custom made and 
hand turned from the best quality 
of ash timber. 




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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 



Facts About Georgia's Forests 



(From the Coch 

Georgia is truly the ''Empire 
State'' of the South. Advancing 
faster than any other state in the 
nation in the establishment of new 
manufacturing industries, Georgia 
still leads in the production of 
many agricultural products. From 
the Georgia Forestry Commission 
come these amazing facts: 

Two-thirds of Georgia's area is 
in forests-25, 17P,962 acres. The 
forest is Georgia' s most extensive 
agricultural crop and one of her 
greatest natural resources. 

Georgia leads the South in 
total forest acreage, and ranks 
first in the nation in privately 
owned forest area and number of 
forest landowners. 

Georgia's woodlands are pro- 
ducing less than one-half of 
their capacity. 

Between two and three million 
acres are in need of planting. 

More than 166,000 Georgians are 
directly employed in forest acti- 
vities, and many thousands more 
are indirectly dependent upon the 
forest for a livelihood. 

There are 2.651 sawmills, seven 



ran Jou rnal ) 

pulpmills, and many other types 
of wood-using plants in the state. 
Every county has one or more tim- 
ber using industries. 

Ceorgia's forest produce more 
than half the world's supply of 
naval stores and 74% of the total 
U. S. supply; approximately one- 
twentieth of the nation's lumber; 
one- tenth of the nation' s pulpwood 
supply; and tremendous quantities 
of crossties, poles, fuelwood, 
piling and other products, which 
furnish landowners and industry 
more than $600 million income an- 
nually—an amount greater than the 
value of the cotton and tobacco 
industry in the state. 

In Georgia 95.6 percent of the 
forest lands are privately owned- - 
70 percent by persons owning fewer 
than 1,000 acres of woodlands. 

The Georgia Forestry Commission 
offers free of charge, a manage-' 
ment and marketing service which 
furnished the small forest owner 
with technical advice on cutting 
and marketing his forest crop. 

Forests are the only natural re- 



Vol. 6 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

July, 1953 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guy ton DcLoach, Director 



No. 7 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 
G. Philip Morgan, Chairman 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Vain 

C. M. Jordan, Jr. Alamo H. 0. Cummings 



Savannah 

Waycross 

Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 



EDITOR 
ASSOCIATE EDITOR 



Richard E. Davis 
Patricia McKemie 



DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 



DISTRICT I—Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 1G9, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



source that is replacable and can 
be made inexhaustable. Every Geor- 
gian has a large stake in the pro- 
tection and wise utilization of the 
forest resource. The productivi- 
ty and conservation of the state's 
timberlands affects the welfare 
and daily life ofall her citizens. 

Georgia has led the South in 
pulpwood production for four con- 
secutive years with the record- 
breaking 1951 total production 
of 2,370,143 standard cords. 

One hundred and nineteen of 
Georgia' s 15 Q counties are under 
forest fire protection by the 
Georeria Forestry Commission. 
These UQcounties comprise a to- 
tal of 20,562,003 acres. 

At present there are 300 forest 
fire lookout towers operating in 
protected areas, and they are loc- 
ated to provide maximum coverage. 

Production of seedlings in the 
state's nurseries during the 1951- 
52 planting season reached the all 
time high record figure of 53% mil- 
lion seedlings, placing Georgia in 
the lead among southeastern states 
in the production of seedlings by 
state nurseries. At the end of the 
1952-53 planting season Georgia' s 
three state nurseries will have 
produced nearly 160 million seed- 
lings during the past four years, 
representing a sufficient number 
of young pines to reforest more 
than 200,000 acres of idle land. 

There are 62 Certified Ceorgia 
Tree Farms, totaling 1,071,572 
acres. The Ceorgia Tree Farms 
program has been designed to en- 
courage the state's landowners 
to maintain or increase the value 
of her tree crop so that the for- 
ests of Georgia will be a perpe- 
tual source of income toCeorgians. 

Forestry Camps took the spot- 
light in Georgia this month, with 
youthful woods- lovers from every 
section of the state attending 
week- long training sessions. 

Here Howard J. Doyle, Area For- 
ester of the Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association, demon- 
strates measuring of stacked 
pulpwood. Looking on are boys 
attending the 1953 Georgia Boys' 
Forestry Camp held at Laura Wal- 
ker State Park, near Waycross. 



JULY, 1953 



Another Forestry First 

Georgia Leads Nation In Protection 
Of Forestlands; 11 New Counties Join 



Georgia assumed national leader- 
ship in the protection of state 
and private forestlands on July 1 
with the establishment of 11 new 
County Forestry Units which 
brought a record high total of 
21,730,560 acres of woodlands in 
the state under forestry programs. 
The 11 counties with newly organ- 
ized Forestry Units comprise 
1, 236,744 acres. 

"By signing protection agree- 
ments this year," declared Guyton 
DeLoach, Director of the Commis- 
sion, "these 11 counties have sub- 
stantially boosted the state's 
program which is designed to have 
every county under organized pro- 
tection by 1954. We now have 129 
County Forestry Units operating 
in the state, leaving only 30 
counties to be organized. " 

Marion, Dooly and Lee counties 
in the Third Forestry District in 
South Georgia organized new pro- 
tection Units. In North Georgia 
agreements were signed by Clayton 
in the Fourth Forestry District; 
Putnam in the Sixth; Lumpkin, 
Gwinnett and Franklin in the 
Ninth, and Clarke, Oglethorpe and 
Lincoln counties in the Tenth 
Forestry District. 

County Forestry Boards are being 
appointed to direct the program 
in each county, DeLoach pointed 
out, ' 'and these men will be chosen 
because of their interest in for- 
estry and their proven ability to 
guide such a program. " 

"Competent, experienced County 
Forest Rangers will assume 
leadership of each county's pro- 
tection program" DeLoach said, 
and each county will be supplied 
with the proper fire fighting 
equipment and vehicles for the 



terrain of that county. Surveys 
are now underway to determine the 
most advantageous sites in each 
county for the erection of forest 
fire observation towers,'' he 
continued. 

The 11 new counties, their total 
forest acreage including state, 



private and federal forestlands, 
are as follows: 

Dooly, 96,064 acres; Lee, 
107,228 acres; Marion, 147,402; 
Clayton, 56, 453; Putnam, 179, 424; 
Franklin, 85,736 acres; Gwinnett, 
154,943; Lumpkin, 165,015 acres; 
Clarke, 45,120 acres; Lincoln, 
118,973, and Oglethorpe, 187,085. 



Began Protection Prior To July 1, 195 



Began Protection On July 1, 1953 




GEORGIA'S COUNTY FORESTRY PROGRAMS ANO DISTRICT SUBDIVISIONS 




ft 6 ^utwte ^atmcM Study ?one4t*y 



Future Farmers of America--95 
strong and representing P5 counties 
in south and central Georgia—attend- 
ed the 1953 Georgia Boys Forestry 
Camp June 15-20 at I aura Walker 
State Park. 

The FFA youths, chosen in fores- 
try competitions and on their re- 
cord in forestry projects, repre- 
sented their counties at the annual 
encampment conducted by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission and sponsored 
by five Georgia member mills of the 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation Asso- 
ciation: Macon Kraft Company, Bruns- 
wick Pulp and Paper Company, Pnion 
Bag and Paper Corporation, GairWood- 
lands, Inc. and St. Marvis Kraft 
Corporation. 

Tn-the-woods practice was mixed 
with out-of-door forestry lectures 
as the youthful campers were in- 
structed in thinning, reforestation, 
marketing, insects and disease, har- 
vesting, fire control, use of hand 
tools and equipment, and naval 
stores. 

Scoring highest on the compre- 
hensive forestry exam and copping 
the grand prize was Bobby Paulk, 
of the Irwin County FFA Chapter, 
who was awarded an Indian Fire Pump 
donated by the D.B. Smith Company. 
Second place winner Billy Lord of 
the Glenwood Chapter received a 
$10 cash prize, and for placing 
third Tharin Holland won $5. Billy 
McCorkle, Camilla, Marion Frank- 
lin,Lyons, and Cleveland Stephens, 



Bainbr idge , were awarded a fishing 
rod, flashlight and $1 for winning 
fourth, fifth and sixth place, re- 
spectively. 

Special speakers at the camp in= 
eluded Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; J. N. 
Faker, Supervisor, Vocational Agri- 
culture Division, State Department 
of Education; representatives of 
Georgia chapters, Future Farmers of 
America. 

Entertainment and recreation were 
integrated with forestry studies as 
the boys enjoyed afternoon recreation 
periods of swimming, softball and 
horseshoes, and in the evenings were 
entertained by movies, guest speak- 
ers and a square dance. 

The Thursday afternoon field trip 
to the Okefenokee Swamp Park was an 
additional entertainment highlight 
of the week. On Friday afternoon, 
following the forestry quiz, the 
championshipbaseball game andhorse- 
shoe tournament was held. 

Vocational Agriculture Teachers 
attending the camp were A. E. Kit- 
chens, W. K. Warren, H. H. Glissen, 
M. L. Logue, I . H. Akins, B. H. Clax- 
ton, J. R. Odom, A. P. Lewis, E. J. 
Stinson, A. T. Miller, G. A. Scruggs, 
and Elvin Walker. 

The camp staff consisted of J.F. 
Spiers, Forester Central of Geor- 
gia Railroad; Howard J. Doyle, 
Area Forester, Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association; H. E. 
(Continued on Page 10) 



FORESTRY CAMP SCENES- -Photo 1, boys pi 
tice fire fighting after watching den 
stration. photo 2, Bill Nasworthy, M 
bur Timmerman and Ferrell Keaton, left 
right, measure with a Biltmore stick. Ph 
3, left to right, Perry Cross, Billy R 
and Henry Parker check a stand for thi 
ing. Photo 4, Gene Martin instructs 
use of fire fighting hand tools. phot< 
boys swing their partners at the squ 
dance. Photo 6, James Reid points ou 
Cronartium tree during course on Inse 
and Disease. Photo 7, James Spiers c 
ducts a hand planting class. Photo 8, 
ward Doyle congratulates Bobby Paulki 
winning first place in the forestry e* 
Other winners, left to right, are Bi 
McCorkle, fourth place; Tharin Holla 
third; Billy Lord, second; Cleveland St 
hens, sixth; and Marion Franklin, fi 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Que* 54 Million 

Record Seedling Crop 
Distributed In State 



Nearly all of Georgia's 159 
counties shared in the estab- 
lishment of a new all-time-high 
planting record for the state as 
more than 54, POO, 000 forest tree 
seedlings, sufficient healthy, 
vigerous young trees to reforest 
more than 6P,500 acres, were dis- 
tributed to Georgia landowners by 
the Georgia Forestry Commission 
state nurseries during the 1°52- 
53 planting season. 

The 54,873,625 seedlings ship- 
ped into 154 counties from the 
Davisboro, Herty and Hightower 
Biver nurseries represented the 
largest distribution in the his- 
tory of the reforestation and nur- 
sery programs in Georgia, and was 
the second largest distribution 
in the South. 

Individual nursery shipments 
accounted for 23, 1 1 5, 400 seed lings 
from the Davisboro Nursery, 2?, 
943,675 from Herty, and P ,P14, 550 
from Hightower Fiver nursery. 
Two million seedlings purchased 
from the state of Louisiana sup- 
plemented production of the Geor- 
gia nurseries when it became evi» 
dent that demand for seedlings 
would exceed nursery production. 

Orders for the Slash Pine con- 
tinued to lead all other species 
with distribution totaling 43, 
664,650 seedlings, followed by 
shipments of 10,036,400 loblolly 
Pine; 665, 000 Longleaf Pine; IB?, 
350 Bed Cedar; 17 3, 075 Arizona Cy- 
press; 6 3,700 White Pine; 5P.950 
Plack Locust, and 29,500 Yellow 
Poplar. 

The following is a list of the 
total number of seedlings ship- 
ped to each county, though not 
necessarily the number planted in 
that countv: 

Bryan, 354,000; Bulloch, 152,000; 
Burke, l,051,R00;Candler,30P,300; 
Chatham, 216,150; Effingham, 2PP, 
500; Emanuel, 95P,450; Evans, 75, 
000; Jenkins, 346,100; Liberty, 
49,600; Long, 491,900. 

Mcintosh, 700,500; Screven, 
122,600; Tattnall, 89,000; Baker, 
1,043,000; Brooks, 358,900; 
Calhoun, 495,200; Clay, 181,050; 



Colquitt. 51,400; Cook, 151,100; 
Decatur, 1,142,300. 

Dougherty, 833, 100; Early, 257, 
600; Grady, 139,050; Miller, 37, 
100; Mitchell, 494,600; Seminole, 
171,700; Thomas, 1,016,550; Tift, 
143,900; Worth, 487,350; Crisp, 
4' 7 6,600; Dooly, 171,500; Lee, 
648,600; Macon, 472,900; Marion, 
555,850; Muscogee, 405,250; Quit- 
man, 56,000; Bandolph, 1, 183,200; 
Schley, 157,600; Stewart, 1,044, 
000; Sumter, 887,500; Talbot, 
581,000. 

Taylor, 2,092,300; Terrell, 
512,000; Webster, 1,261,000; 
Butts, 159,200; Carroll, 38P , 300 . 
Clayton, 4,500; Coweta, 296,500; 
Touglas, 44,750; Fayette, 74, 200; 
Fulton, 79, .375; Harris, 39,000; 
Heard, 58,500; Henry, 36,000; 
Lamar, 27,500; Meriwether, 421, 
700; Newton, 06,000; Pike, 59, 
000; Bockdale, 29,500; Spalding, 
43,000; Troup, 110,100; Lpson, 
66,000; Ben Hill, 940,400; Bleck- 
ley, 130,000; Dodge, 7Q4.250; 
Houston, 106,600; Irwin, 236,500; 
Jeff Davis, 510,000; Laurens, 874, 
000; Montgomery, 515,700. 

Pulaski, 406,000; Telfair, 1, 
126,100; Toombs, 11 4,000 ; Treutlen, 
247 500- Turner, 50P,000; Wheeler, 
1,032,750; Wilcox, 1,108,900." 

Baldwin, 457,100; Bibb, 359,600; 
Crawford, 752,000; Glascock, 42, 
000; Hancock, 17,500; Jasper, 
6P, 000; Jefferson, 1,032,050; 
Johnson, 513,400; Jones, 2^1,100; 
Monroe, 71 4' 100. 

Peach, 262,100; Putnam, 10,000; 
Twiggs, 207,600; Washington, 1, 
040,200; Wilkinson, 45,000; Bartow, 
100,700; Chattooga, 51,800; Cher- 
okee, 53,500; Cobb, 25,000; Floyd, 
14P.O00; Giimer, 2P1,400; Gordon, 
249,800; Haralson, 26,700. 

Murray, 805,000; Paulding, 20, 
600; Pickens, 23,100; Polk, 16, 
000; Walker, 12,000; Whitfield, 
205, 500; Appling, 436,500; Atkin- 
son, 27,100; Bacon, 539,000; Ber- 
rien, 14,000; Brantley, 711,000; 
Camden, 1,408,500. 

Charlton, 1,460,000; Clinch, 
568,150; Coffee, 145,200; Echols, 
(Continued on Page 10) 



With the recent addition of 
16,490 acres of managed woodlands, 
Georgia' s certi fied Tree Farm pro- 
gram swelled to a total of 1,015 
908 acres, representing 92 indiv- 
idual Tree Farms in 76 Georgia 
counties. 

More than 12,100 acres were in- 
corporated in the Tree Farm Pro- 
gram as three Georgia landowners 
recently received Tree Farm cer- 
tification on their woodlands. 
The Varn Turpentine and Cattle 
Company, Valdosta, was issued 
Tree Farm credentials on 5,340 
acres of Charlton County wood lands. 
Mrs. Oreita Bice Callan, Scott, re- 
ceived official recognition of her 
850 acres of well managed Laurens 
County woodlands, and M. M. Smith, 
Milan, has had 6,000 forest acres 
in Telfair and Dodge counties cer- 
tified. 

Twenty- four members of the West 
Lumber Company's Tree Farm Family, 
whose woodlands are under good 
forest management, were recently 
commended by Governor Herman Tal- 
madge at ceremonies held at the 
Doraville Plant of West Lumber 
Company. 

Members of the Tree Farm Family, 
their addresses, Tree Farm a- 
creage, and location of Tree 
Farms are as follows: 

Miss Delia Mae Hughes, Hair- 
ston Bd. , 85 acres, DeKalb Coun- 
ty; Almand "Bo" Carroll, 1112 
Peachtree Bd. , N. E. , Doraville, 
50 acres; DeKalb County; Oze E. 
Horton, 1970 Walthall Dr., N. W. 
39 acres, Gwinnett County. 

BenT. Huiet, 887 Forrest Bd. , 
N. E. 407 acres, Henry County ; 
Capitol Gun Club, Gun Club Bd., 
N. W. 40 acres, Fulton County; 
John L. Jacobs, Bt.3, Marietta, 
86 acres, Cobb County; Bobert 
Eldridge, Norcross, 120 acres, 
Gwinnett County; J. T. Woth, 
3125 E. Shadow Tawn Ave., N. E. , 
96 acres, Gwinnett County; Dr. 
T. J. Stanford, 104 Kennesaw Ave. 
Marietta, 36 acres, FultonCounty . 

Mrs. Mary Fitts, 355 Bed land 
Bd., N. W. , 73 acres, Cobb Coun- 
ty; James Fickling, Norcross, 
48 acres, Gwinnett County; CM. 
(Continued on Page 10) 









Wood utilisation Studied 
By atte^ty Jlab Scientiiti 

Scientists of the Herty Foundation Laboratory, Savannah, are con- 
stantly seeking new means of utilizing wood and wood waste. Successful 
experiments completed by the Foundation's researchers have greatly 
influenced the marketability of products of Georgia's woodlands. 

Dr. Reavis C. Sproull, Director of the Laboratory, adjusts a 
dropping funnel, Photo 1, in the determination of pentosans to develop 
new products from wood waste and bamboo. 

Jam tic Johnson, Photo 2, stands by a bale of sugarcane bagasse 
and holds a stalk of timber bamboo, both of which are being investi- 
gated for use in specialty papers. 

As one phase of a program to expand the marketability of hard- 
woods, Junior Patterson, Photo 3, places culled gum wood logs in the 
Carthage grinder to prepare groundwood for use in newsprint. 

The Laboratory building, Photo 4, houses pi lot and research equip- 
ment for applied research on wood, paper and agricultural fibers. 

Pulpwood chips are hand sorted and screened by Jackie Sommers 
and James Beach, Photo 5, to determine the yield of useful chips and 
pulp from a cord of 
wood. These chips are 
prepared for use in mak- 
ing chemical pulps such 
as k ra f t and su 1 ph i te . 




r3& 





NAVAL STORES PRACTICES DEMONSTRATED AT 4-H CLUB FORESTRY CAMP 
Dorsey Dyer Instructs 4-H' ers gathered At Laura Walker State Park 

4-H Forestry Camp 
Held In South Georgia 



Study, practice and play was the 
schedule followed by TOO 4-H Club 
boys who attended the ninth annual 
South Georgia 4-H Club Forestry 
Camp at Laura Walker Park, Waycross, 
June P-13. The boys came from SO 
South Georgia Counties. 

The camp was co-sponsored by the 
Union Pag and Paper Corporation and 
the Georgia Agricultural Fxtension 
Service. C. Porsey Pyer, Associate 
Extension Forester, and R. J. Rich- 
ardson, Associate State 4-H Club 
Leader, both of the Extension Ser- 
vice, directed the camp. 

Forestry subjects studied by the 
campers included fire control, tree 



An entertainment and educational 
highlight of the camp was a visit to 
the Savannah plant of Union Pag on 
Wednesday. 

Speakers addressing the campers 
were George P. Ponalson, President, 
Abraham Ealdwin Agricultural College, 
Tifton; Guyton DeLoach, Pirector, 
Georgia Forestry Commission^ J. J, 
Armstrong, Manager of the Woodlands 
Pivision, Union Bag; W. A. Sutton, 
State 4-H Club Leader, Athens; and 
Walter S. Brown, Associate Dir- 
ector of the Extension Service. 

Also serving as insturctors at the 
camp were the following: Robert H. 
Tift, Assistant District Forester, 



identification, reforestation,thin- Georgia Forestry Commission, Way- 
ning, harvesting, conditions affect- cross; Turner Barber, Jr., Assis- 
ing tree growth, mensuration and tant District Forester, Georgia For- 
marketing. A naval stores demon- estry Commission, Americus; C. E. 
stration was presented by Dyer and Lavely, Field Procurement Repre- 
Charles T. Shea, Area Forester, Naval sentative, Union Pag and Paper Cor- 
Stores Conservation Program. The poration, Savannah; U. A. McDonough, 
use and care of saws was demonstrated Forester, Union Bag and Paper Cor- 
by J. F. Spiers, Forester, Central poration, Savannah; HowardJ. Doyle, 



of Georgia Railroad, andC. 0. Frown, 
Sandvik Saw and Tool Company , Tifton. 
A special fire control demonstra- 
tion for all groups was conducted by 
George Lavinder, Eighth District 
Forester, Georgia forestry Commiss- 
ion; B. S. Booth, Eighth District 
Ranger of the Commission, and E. 1. 
Molpus,Fire Control Forester, Union 
Fag and Paper Corporation, 



Conservation Forester, Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Association, 
Macon; P. 0- Harris, Telfair 
County Agent, McRae; Vernon Red- 
dish, Taylor County Agent, Butler; 
Frank Eadie, Assistant District 
Forester, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, Camilla; and E. A. Daven- 
port, Jr., Conservation Forester, 
Union Bag, Savannah. 



Seedling OldeM, 

Qan lie Placed 
Afte* fluty 1 

Orders for forest tree seedlings 
grown in nurseries of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission will be ac- 
cepted beginning July 1, according 
to announcement by James H. Hill, 
Assistant Director of the Commis- 
sion in charge of Nurseries. 

"Orders may be placed by letter 
or on the official order blank, 
available at local offices of the 
Commission, County Agents, and 
Soil Conservation Service Techni- 
cians, ' ' Hill said. 

October 1 has been set as the 
closing date for accepting orders, 
Hill stated, " and no order will be 
filled which has not been paid for 
by October 15. Orders will be in- 
voiced immediately and payment 
must be received before October 15 
or the order will be automatically 
cancelled. ' ' 

Payment for seedlings will be 
accepted at the time the order is 
placed, provided the amount in- 
cludes correct payment for trans- 
portation charges and the quantity 
of seedlings ordered. All checks 
or money orders not written in the 
correct amount of payment will be 
returned. 

Hill pointed out that due to 
rising costs of nursery operations 
it has been necessary to increase 
the price onLongleaf, slash, Lob- 
lolly and Shortleaf Pine seedlings 
to $2.75 per thousand, F. 0. B. 
nursery. 

Forest Farmers 
Relocate 
In Atlanta 

The Forest Farmers Association, 
founded in Valdosta 12 years ago, 
will move its headquarters to At- 
lanta in the near future, accord- 
ing to announcement by J. V. Whit- 
field, Association President, who 
disclosed that ''the move, voted 
by the board of directors at a re- 
cent meeting in Macon, would al- 
low the Association to render bet- 
ter service to its entire member- 
ship, andwould offer the organiza- 
tion unlimited opportunities for 
growth and expansion. 



*1Ue Roundup 



Hangers And Foresters In The News 



Let's ail stop and think before 
diking a match -and after you've 
:ruck it, think about where you 
lit it , ' ' urges Greene County 
inger, Herbert G. Moore. 

During a recent month Moore re- 
irted that "we had but one forest 
re, and it was caused from burn- 
lg paper bags near the edge of 
le woods. The fellow said he 
lought the fire was out. " 

"We can' t keep Greene County 
:een if the people don't stop and 
hink before burning,' Moore 
lid. 'The unit is equipped with 
ily one piece of equipment and 
; have a large county to protect, 
tve your burning for a calm day, 
it if you must burn, plow a wide 
Lrebreak around the area, and 

ease be careful with fire. It 
.11 help you and the fellow next 
' you and your Forestry Unit. " 




named first place winner in a fire 
prevention competition between 
each Farm Bureau Chapter in the 
county. 

Forest Ranger J. W. Roberts na- 
med Nevils as the community which 
did the best job of controlling 
wildfires during the past fire 
season. Hines Smith, President 
of the Nevils Farm Bureau Chapter, 
accepted the $75 first place check. 

John C. Cromley, President of 
the Brooklet Farm Bureau, received 
the second place prize of $45 for 
his community, and C. M. Cowart, 
President of the Portal Farm Bur- 
eau Chapter, was awarded the $30 
third place prize. 

' 'Each of the Farm Bureau chap- 
ters in Bulloch County entered the 
'Keep Bulloch County Green' con- 
test," Ranger Roberts said, "and 
all did valuable work in prevent- 
ing woods fires and helping bring 
fires under control.' 1 



Nevils community in Bulloch 
unty is $75 richer as they were 




Two Junior Forest Rangers' 
Clubs formed recently in Ben Hill 
County by Forester J. C. Bowen are 
proving of great value by aiding 
the County Forestry Unit in pro- 
tecting the forests of the County. 

The Clubs are at the Ashton and 
Lynwood Schools, with L. M. Chap- 
man, Vocational Agriculture Teach- 
er, and Bowen supervising opera- 
operations. 

The purpose of the Junior Forest 
Ranger's Clubs is to study the 
various phases of protection for 
the County's forests and to under- 
take forestry projects such as 
estimating forest acreage, har- 
vesting, correct useage of fire 
fighting equipment and methods, 
and forest fire prevention and 
control . 

Meetings are scheduled monthly 
and will be interspersed with re- 
creation in the form of wiener 
roasts, swimming parties and 
hikes. 

"These boys, " Bowen said, "are 
not only helping the forestry 
Unit, but are at the same time 
helping themselves by learning 
to wisely manage and to protect 
their home woodlots." 



MEN AND WOMEN PROTECT GEORGIA'S VALUABLE FORESTS- - 
i re than 330 men and women are constantly scanning 
lorgia's skyline for telltale whisps of smoke that 

11 warn of forest fires. At left below, Benjamin 

Gardner, who celebrated his tenth anniversary on 

i ne 1 as towerman in Wayne County and who is the 



oldest tower operator in point of service in the 
state, reports a smoke to the Wayne County Forestry 
Unit. At right, Rudene Paulk, veteran Bacon County 
towerwoman, takes an al idade reading on a fire from 
atop the Dixie Tower, which she has manned for more 
than two years. 





BENEDICT 4-H MEMBERS COMPETE IN POLK FOREST FIRE PREVENTION CONTEST 
Young Actors Present School Pi ay And Choral Reading Of "The Firebug" 

Benedict 4-Jl'eU Win 
Polk P tievesdian Qanteil 

The Benedict School 4-H Club 
has been named first place winner 
of the Polk County 4-H Club Fire 
Prevention Contest sponsored by 
the W. D. Trippe lumber Company 
and the Peek-Hightower lumber 
Company in cooperation with the 
Polk County Forestry Unit and the 
Polk County Fxtension Service. The 
Fenedict 4-H group was awarded the 
^ 1 00 first prize which was furnish- 
ed by the sponsors. 

Fite School 4-H'ers placed sec- 
ond and received a S75 prize. Cedar 
Lake School 4-H members won third 
place and a S50 prize. 

The contest, running from Decem- 
ber 1, 1952 through May 15, 1953, 
was designed to reduce the number 
of fires in the county through the 
use of an educational program car- throughout the county, 

ried on by the community 4-H Clubs. To achieve the first place a- 

Eight school 4-H groups partici- 'ward, 300 Fenedict boy and girl 
pated representing communities 4-H members carried on the fol- 

CEDAR LAKE YOUNGSTERS CONDUCT RADIO PROGRAM ON PREVENTING WOODS FIRES 
Posters On Lumber Production And Man-caused Fires Decorate School Rooms 



lowing forestry-educational pro- 
jects: Painting and hanging of a 
frieze entitled "From Planting 
To Plastics' ; 144 themes on ' ^Our 
Need For Our Forests'' and ''How 
Seed Are Planted;' 1 planting ol 
3, POO seedlings by 35 students or 
the school grounds and at their 
homes; designing 200 posters, wit] 
169 being placed in prominent pub- 
lic places; placing forestry ma- 
terial on library reading shelves 
urging adults to practice fire 
safety rules; distributing hun 
dreds of pieces of literature; com 
posing poems; arranging window 
displays and giving radio programs 
Forestry was studied in the 
Fenedict classrooms, and forestry 

FITE 4-H'ERS BROADCAST- -Radio 
skit on fire prevention is re- 
corded and broadcast by Radio 
Station WGAA. 

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themes were used in the school', 
graduation exercises. A group o 
boys served as volunteers in com 
batting forest fires, and a Junio 
Fire Hanger Club was organized wi 
10P members. A special project wa 
carried out to eliminate fire ha 
zards around homes. The grou > 
visited the County's fire towers 
a furniture factory, and the Ferr 
Schools. One of the highlights o 
the program was the presentatioi 
of a school play and a chora 
reading of "The Firebug. " 

Tn placing second, Fite schoo 
4-H' ers delegated special projects 
to each school grade. The firs 
grade prepared wildlife posters 
and the second grade wrote poems 
and stories and drew pictures de 
scribing forests ''before an I 
After' ' fires. The ten fire com 
mandments, trees and wildfire wei ; 
(Continued on Page 10) 



JULY, 1953 



10 



FFA Camp... Alew&U ^i&z fyanstvesri,... 

r n ~~ +»' ~, .. ~ J c — ^ ™ 



(Continued From Page 3) 
Fuark, Assistant Director Georgia 
Forestry Commission; J. C. Turner, 
District Forester, Georgia Fores- 
try Commission; A. E. Davenport, 
Conservation Forester, Union Eag 
and Paper Corporation; Eugene D. 
Martin, Conservation Forester, 
Gair Woodlands Corporation; John 
J. Gill, Area Manager, Macon Kraft 
Company; Sam Thacker, Assistant 
District Forester, Georgia Fores- 
try, Commission; James Peid, Assis- 
tant District Forester, Ga. For- 
estry Commission; and Nelson Bri- 
ghtwell, Assistant District For- 
ester, Ga. Forestry Commission. 
The boys attending the camp and 
their F.F.A. Chapters are, as fol- 
lows: Larry Hudson, Byromville; 
Clayton Bower, Pinehurst; Billy 
Terry, Cuthbert; BeppardDavis and 
Frank Kitchens, Wacona; Charles 
Nelson, Oglethorpe; Titus Sloan, 
Pavo; and Hansel Averett, Union. 
Weyman Brinkley, Pelham; Bobby 
Smith and Helburn Donahoo, Clay 
County; Will Blocker, Lanier High; 
Donald Jones, Lanier County; John- 
nie Hannon Jr. , Sumner; Bill Kirk- 
land and Joe Solomon, Satilla. 

Lowell Upchurch, Clayattsville; 
Howard Scott, Lee County; Alton 
Cobb, Pine Grove; Eugene Glover, 
Hulen Jones, andBennie Johnston, 
Tifton; Walker Williams, Marion 
County; Jame Shiver, Hopeful; Max 
Palmer and Bill McCorkle, Camilla. 
Cleveland Stephens and Wilson 
Weathersby, Bainbridge; Franklin 
Newton, CI ynn Underwood and Charles 
Blackburn, Moultrie; Jimmy Jones, 
Plains; Ferrell Keaton, Marlin 
Kimbrell and Perry Cross, Miller 
County; GibBichardson, Richland. 
Wilbur Timmerman and Richard Mc- 
Lendon, Terrell County; Paul King, 
Hahira; Rudolph McDonald andMel- 
vin Alday, Donalsonvil le; Bobby 
Brooks, Edison; Bobby Paulk and 
Johnny Cumbee, Irwin County. 

Henry Parker, Ashburn; Bobby 
Howell and Bill Nor s worthy/, Echols 
County; Billy Ross, Norman Park. 
Wayne Phillips, Baker County; 
Edward Hurst, Ho boken; Jimmy Ben- 
nett and Joel Home, Wayne County 
High; Travis Galloway and Jim 
Thomas, Patterson; BobertHart and 
Stanford Tillman, Surrency; Mar- 
ion Franklin, Lyons; Benny Harri- 
son, Toombs County; Terry Wright 
andBillLord, Glenwood; John Far- 
mer, Milan; Harvey Wil lis, Nahunta. 



(Continued 
Reeves, Rt . 2, Stone Mountain, 
26 acres, Gwinnett County; Her- 
bert Johnson, 1091 Peachtree 
Battle Ave., N. W., 261 acres, 
Butts County; Miss Pauline Mar- 
tin, 1503 Euclid Ave., N. E., 
52 acres, Gwinnett County; Dr. 
L. A. Mosher, Rt . 1, Roswell, 
110 acres, Fulton County; Dan 
MacDouga Id Jr . , 1815 FlaglerAve. 
N. E., and Gilmer A. MacDougald, 
Norths ide Drive, 800 acres, Ful- 
ton County; James P. ''Buck'' 
Cheves Jr., 2633 E. Wesley Ter., 
N. E. , Gwinnett County. 

Mrs. Allen Palmer, Rt. 1, Dora- 
ville, 25 acres, DeKalb County; 
M. W. Henke, Duluth, 125 acres, 
Gwinnett County; Dr. H. E. Stan- 
ford, 2140 Peachtree Rd. , N. W. , 
750 acres, Fulton County; B. M. 

Seedlings... 

(Continued From Page 5) 
369,000; Glynn, 323,000; Lanier, 
39,500; Lowndes, 822,500; Pierce, 
134,000; Ware, 452,850; Wayne, 
992,000; Banks, 147,000; Barrow, 
36,700; DeKalb, 2 0,750. 

Fannin, 1,000; Franklin, 38,600; 
Forsyth, 40, 700; Gwinnett, 234, 250; 
Habersham, 18,000. 

Hall, 274,500; Jackson, 323,650; 
Lumpkin, 3,000; Rabun, 18,500; 
Stephens, 141, W0; Towns 4,000; 
White, 54,000; Clarke, 214,850. 
Columbia, 58 ,000; Elbert, 52,700; 
Greene, 452, .500; Hart, 1,000; Lin- 
coln, 1,000; Madison, .37,600; 
McDuffie, 18 5,600; Morgan, 304, 
700; Ccmee, 60,T)0; Oglethorpe, 
279,050; Richmond, 5QQ,400; Tali- 
ferro, 41,(00; Walton, 444,000; 
Warren, 55,000; Wilkes, 20 7 ,150. 

Bob Johns, Chauncey; Ernest Buc- 
hanan and Joe Andrews, Dodge High. 
Franklin Windham and Donald 
Moore, Lowery; Pete Denm is, Chau- 
ncey; Carey Maddox, Brewton, Bo 
Gillis, Soperton; Roscoe Collins 
and L.H. LanierJr, Metter; Fred- 
die Hester and Fred Carter, Jeff 
Davis County High; Perry Bell Jr. 
and John Griffin, Sparta; J. B. 
Chalker, Milton Hat taway, Kenneth 
McNair and Dwight Neal, Gibson. 

Jimmy Rivers and James Willi ford, 
Stapleton; Austen Key, Laboratory; 
Edward Hendrix, CI ax ton; Doy Fore- 
hand, Millen; D.W. Lee, Brooklet; 
Junior Evans, Rentz; Raymond Nas- 
wor thy and Ray Thomas, Swainsboro. 



From Page 5) 
Bowen, 50 Houston Mill Rd.,20 
acres, DeKalb County; Dr . William 
A. Hartman, Cairo, Egypt, 266 
acres, Gwinnett County; Mrs. 
Shelby Smith, Sr . , Mrs. Shelby 
Smith, Jr., and Charles Smith, 
Florida, 603 acres, White Coun- 
ty; Clara and Sallie Nesbitt and 
and Dixie Nesbitt Stevens, Ne- 
groes Norcross, 144 acres, 
Gwinnett County. 

Polk Contest... 

(Continued From Page 9) 
studied by third graders. Fourth 
grade students made spatter prints 
and colorprints of leaves, posters 
showing fire towers , studies of 
Polk tree twigs, and a survey of 
forestland owned by their parents. 

Other grades carried out similar 
projects including: Learning to 
write business letters by request- 
ing forestry material, studying 
key characteristics of leaves, 
compositions on "Who Starts For- 
est Fires?", construction of a 
television setwith rotating pic- 
tures and sound effects on forestry. 

"Tree of Knowledge "posters dec- 
orated the Fite library. Ten stud- 
ents presented a radio skit, rec- 
orded by Station WGAA. Trips to 
Pine Mountain Tower and the Fores- 
try Unit were arranged. Students 
surveyed the woodland acres under 
4-H management and set out 500 pine 
trees on Vz acre. Two demonstra- 
tions, 103 posters, 200 composi- 
tions and stories, three poems, 
seven film, a booth at the fair, 
and a play on fire prevention were 
prepared by 78 club members. 

Cedar Lake School 4-H'ers engaged 
in the foil owing projects: posters 
on lumber production and man-caus- 
ed fires; spatter prints of leaves; 
100 posters and 100 reports; plant- 
ing 4, 000 seedlings of which 1,000 
were set out on the school yard; 
essays by the 5th-7th grades; dis- 
plays in store windows;129 families 
contacted on protection and pre- 
vention; a tree identification 
field trip; conducting fire pre- 
vention surveys and composing pre- 
vention articles for publication. 
Polk Ranger James Carter gave a 
forestry talk and showed movies, 
and 12 boys gave volunteer fire 
fighting help to the Forestry Unit. 




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UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA 



AUG 



LIBRARIES 



AUGUST 




1953 



FORESTRY 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Georgia Leads East Georgia's Pulpwood Leadership Is A Challenge 



In Timber Products 

(From the Atlanta Constitution) 

Georgia still holds its lead as 
the leading producer of lumber in 
the eastern half of the United 
States. In the sale of all forest 
products it is among the top three 
in the nation. 

In 1951 a total of 2,177,193,000 
board feet of lumber was produced 
in the state, with the nearest 
rival, North Carolina, producing 
only 2,022,050,000. 

Approximately 'two-thirds of the 
total area of Georgia is in wood- 
lands. They are potentially our 
greatest resource and our most 
promising source of revenue. We 
have cornea long way in our attitude 
toward our wood lands. Formerly we 
considered them "woods to burn" 
but in the last quarter century we 
have come to realize that they are 
too valuable to be squandered. We 
are now cultivating woodlands on 
a crop basis. 

There is no reason to suppose 
that we will not continue to devel- 
op our forest resources, with a 
program of conservation and re- 
planting to keep an undiminished 



(From the Macon Telegraph) 



Georgia's position as the lead- 
ing Southern producer of the na- 
tion' s pulpwood supply presents an 
important challenge to the land- 
owners of this state--a challenge 
that must be met without falter 
or failure. 

The reforestation and growth of 
new pine must keep pace with or ex- 
cell the amount of pine timber cut 
annually. 

Forest products, a $600 million 
business for Georgians in 1951, 
ran an estimated couple of hundred 
milli en above that last year, al- 
though the exact figures are not 
yet available. 

Out of the nation's 25,000,000 
cords of pulpwood produced last 
year, the South supplied more than 
half-- 14, 600,000 cords. Georgia 

supply of raw materials for lumber, 
pulp, and to furnish the rapidly 
growing synthetic industry with 
its needs. 

Yes, there is gold in Georgia's 
forests. They must be protected 
and cultivated as any other re- 
source i f they are to continue to 
yield the wealth inherent in them. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

Vol. 6 August, 1953 No. 8 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn ... Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr. Alamo H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITOR - Patricia McKemie 

* * * * 
DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 

DISTRICT I— Route 2, DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 

Statesboro Milledgeville 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Camilla Rome 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Americus Waycross 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Newnan Gainesville 

DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 

McRae Washington 



was the South' s leading producer 
with 2,500,000 cords. 

In 1951, and later comparative 
figures when they are available, 
will not have changed too much for 
illustration, forest products 
brought more cash to Georgia farm- 
ers than did cattle and calves, 
eggs, corn and all truck crops 
combined. Forest products, of 
course, were outranked by cotton, 
chickens, tobacco, hogs, peanuts, 
and slightly by dairy products. 

But the day is not too distant 
if the challenge before us is met 
when forest products will outrank 
still others of these various 
sources of farm income. The re- 
ceipts from Georgia forests amoun- 
ted to $300 million in 1948, will 
have about tripled that for 1953 
five years later. 

How can Georgia meet the chal- 
lenge to maintain this record and 
insure that this source of revenue 
will not diminish? 

1. The pine seedling program 
must continue at an unexcelled 
pace. So far reforestation work 
has been good. The largest crop of 
seedlings ever grown in Georgia 
Forestry Commission nurseries was 
del ivered to landowners this year 
at the rate of approximately three 
million young trees per week. The 
total: Almost 55 million. 

2. Forest fire protection must 
be extended and improved. On July 1 
more counties were added to those 
which have an organized plan for 
forest protection, leaving only 
29 counties unprotected. 

3. Forest management should be 
improved as rapidly as possible. 
Timber owners must be better in- 
formed of how to thin their trees, 
how and when to harvest them and 
how their land can be best utilized 
for forest purposes. Two out of 
every three Georgia acres are in 
trees, but we are utilizing those 
trees at about one- third capacity. 

4. More waste acreage should be 
planted in trees. Since the state 
nursery program began about 340, 
000 such useless acres have been 
planted and thus will become pro- 
ductive in the near future. 

This is the kind of program Geor- 
gia must maintain consistently if 
qur place of leadership is held. 



AUGUST. 1953 



Georgia Maintains Lead 
In Pulpwood Production 



For the fifth consecutive year, 
Georgia in 1°52, led the entire 
South in the production of Pulp- 
wood, accounted for 10 percent 
of the Nation's cut and 17 per- 
cent of the South' s output, and 
recorded a new all-time high 
production for the state of 2, 
513, 27 9 standard cords. 

The state's 1952 production fig- 
ure represented a six percent in- 
crease over 1951 production, and a 
one percent increase in the portion 
of the Nation' scut. The percen- 
tage of the total cut in the South 
remained the same as in 1951. Dur- 
ing 1951, Georgia produced 2,370, 
143 cords for a 6. 7 percent in- 
crease over 1950; and in 1950, a 
24. 1 percent increase was noted 
over 1949 production. Production 
in 1950 amounted to 2,221,279 
standard cords, and in 1949 was 
only 1,790,500 cords. 

During 1 Q 52, the state's pines 
provided 2,400,497 standard 
cords, of the total cut with 
hardwoods and chestnut account- 
ing for 105,841 and 6,934 cords 
respectively. 

Georgia now has seven pulp- 
mills in operation producing 
more than 3,600 tons of pulp per 
day. The seven operating mills, 
their location and pulp capacity 
per 24 hours are as follows; Arm- 
strong Cork Company, Macon, 200 
tons; Macon Kraft Company, Macon, 
Kraft Company, Macon, 600 tons; 
Brunswick Pulp and Paper Company, 
Brunswick, 400 tons; Certain-teed 
Products Corporation, Savannah , 
40 tons; Southern Paperboard 
Corporation, Savannah, 500 tons; 
Union Pag and Paper Corporation, 
Savannah, 1,400 tons; and St. 
Marys Kraft Corporation, St. 
Marys, 500 tons. 

In addition to the seven o- 
perating mills, Georgia has 
three additional mills undercon- 
struction, which have an esti- 
mated productivity of more than 



1,300 tons daily. With the com- 
pletion of the new mills, Geor- 
gia mills will have a daily cap- 
acity of approximately 5,000 
tons of pulp and this quantity 
will probably place Georgia in 
the lead among Southern states 
in this respect. New mills are 
the Borne Kraft Company, Borne, 
615 tons; National Container 
Corporation, Valdosta, 459 tons; 
and Bayonier, Inc. Jesup, 250 
tons. 

Fifteen of the state's 159 
counties accounted for more than 
one third of Georgia's total pro- 
duction. Camden County in South- 
east Georgia again led the state 
with aproductionof P7.4P0 cords, 
and Clinch County was second 
with P3,297 standard cords. 

Other top counties with pro- 
ductions of more than 40,000 
cords were Charlton, 7P,P42; 
Brantley, 73.1P3; Pryan, 65,257; 
Effingham, 50,634; Wayne, 56, 
131; Troup, 55,159 Ware, 4P, 
031; Coffee, 47,613; Mcintosh, 
46,206; Appling, 46,09^; Lowndes, 
45,387; Decatur 44,316; and Mon- 
roe, 42,P67. 

Total of 1952 receipts of do- 
mestic pulpwood at all mills in 
the United States showed a pro- 
duction of 25,045,000 cords, 
with the south furnishing 58 per- 
cent of the pulpwood cut in the 
Nation. 

The production of the 12 sou- 
thern states during 1%2, for the 
third consecutive year reached 
still another new high with a 

{Continued on Page 10) 

MANY WORKERS HELP GEORGIA LEAD-- 
To make Georgia a leading pulp- 
wood producer, hundreds of work- 
ers combine their efforts, as 
shown in photographs at right, 
in cutting and stacking logs in 
the forest, loading wood for 
truck shipments and distributing 
carloads of pulpwood throughout 
the nation. 





GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Qospunibiian Jicui4tcltel /953 
Cane Collection Sb>uve 



For the second year the Georgia 
Forestry Commission is undertaking 
a cone collection drive for the 
purpose of building up a stockpile 
of good, healthy seed for future 
years when the supply of seed from 
commercial sources may become in- 
sufficient to meet planting de- 
mands. The ultimate aim is to col- 
lect and purchase enough seed to 
build up a supply sufficient to 
grow enough seedlings to meet any 
demand for forest tree seedlings 
in any two-year period. 

' 'Last year the program to col- 
lect cones for the four state nur- 
series was very successful," de- 
clared Guyton DeLoach, Director of 
the Commission. "We hope to be even 
more successful this year because 
we now have many Georgians who are 
'experienced' cone gatherers, and 
because those who gathered cones 
last year found that the activity 
was highly profitable. In fact, 
many farmers made more than enough 
profit on col lecting cones to pay 
for pine seedlings for planting 
on idle acres. 

"Now is the time to check to det- 
ermine if sufficient cones are 
available in your area to make cone 
collection profitable," he said. 

"But before you start to gather, 



please contact your County Forest 
Ranger or the nearest office of the 
Commission for information on the 
species needed this year, prices 
being paid, and a few pointers on 
the best collection methods." 

The ripening period for the spe- 
cies needed this year, although 
varying somewhat indifferent sec- 
tions of the state, was outlined by 
the Commission as follows: Slash, 
September to November; Shortleaf, 
October and November; Eastern 
White Pine, August and September; 
and Yellow Poplar, October and 
November. 

"One species that we are anxious 
to obtain isWhite Pine," DeLoach 
said. "White Pine cones started 
ripening the last of July and the 
first of August ,but todatewe have 
located only a few bushels. If you 
find even one or two bushels, we 
would like to purchase them. No 
Longleaf Pine cones will be pur- 
chased. Shortleaf cones are also 
in demand, and we appeal to North 
Georgians to concentrate on col- 
lecting Shortleaf and White Pine 
cones to help build up a sufficient 
quantity to fill our nursery needs" 

DeLoach emphasized the impor- 
tance of col lecting on! y ripe cones 
and of keeping eachspeciesseparate 



Ind 



GEORGIA NURSERYMEN ANTICIPATE RECORD BREAKING SEEDLING CROP- -Pro- 
duction of forest tree seedlings from state nurseries of the Georgia 
Eorestry Commission will reach a peak during the 1953-54 season, as 
nurserymen anticipate the greatest crop ever produced in state nur- 
series- -90, 000, 000 young trees. Buster Harris, Nursery Superinten- 
dent, above, examines beds of young Loblolly Pine seedlings growing 
in the Higntower River Nursery, in Dawson County. 




More Forest 

lustries ■ 
For Georgia 

New Forest products industries, 
large and small, continue to move 
into Georgia at a steady pace as 
the vast woodland resources of the 
state become better protected from 
the ravaged of forest fires, and 
reforestation programs assure a 
continuous supply of raw materials 
for use by industry. 

The new plant additions will em- 
ploy hundreds of Georgians, and 
will indirectly provide jobs for 
many other workers. 

National Container Corporation' s 
new SCO- ton per day capacity pulp 
paperboard and papermill is under 
construction near Valdosta. The 
erection of steel has started for 
the $25 million mill, which, when 
in operation, will increase Na- 
tional Container's pulp, paper- 
board and papermaking capacity 
by 50%, providing this additional 
supply for National's fourteen 
box making shops. The company now 
operates five othermills. In mak- 
ing the announcement, W. T. Web- 
ster, Vice President in charge of 
the project, said that practically 
all foundations for buildings and 
equipment are completed or are in 
process of being formed and pour- 
ed. ' 'Several million dollars have 
been spent thus far,' ' Webster con- 
tinued, "in clearing and pre- 
paring the primary ponding area, 
drilling of water wells, building 
roads and railroad extensions to 
the property, and other essential 
operations preliminary to the act- 
ual start of construction of the 
mill proper. 

The InlandContainerCorporation, 
part owner of the Rome Kraft Com- 
pany which is expected to begin 
production next year, has pur- 
chased a tract of land in Floyd 
County. Inland, with Mead Cor- 
poration, Dayton, Ohio, owns the 
Rome Kraft Company, paperboard 
manufactures, whose multimillion 
dollar plant is now under constru- 
ction on the Coosa River west of 
Rome . 

In Statesboro, a new business 
is beginning operation under the 
name of Forest Art Products, Inc . 
(Continued on Page 10) 



AUGUST, 1953 



t30t%,&<xMty '51 State Lumber Output 
?Q*e6t%y 7t«Ut Highest East Of Rockies 



Chattahoochee has become the 
130th county in the state to or- 
ganize a County Forestry Unit, 
and the addition of Chattahoo- 
chee's 137,470 acres of forest- 
land has brought the protected 
forestlands in the state to a 
total of 21, 77R, 192 acres. 

Comprising 85 percent of the 
entire area of the county, the 
woodlands in Chattahoochee have 
afforded employment opportun- 
ities to hundreds of citizens 
both in the woods and in indus- 
tries dependent upon wood raw 
materials. The county's timber- 
lands have produced 20, 8SF cords 
of pulpwood in the past three 
years, and citizens planted more 
23,000 pine seedlings in one 
year. The county has an estimated 
volume of 305,118,000 board feet 
of sawtimber, and a 737,700 cord- 
wood volume. 

The forested area includes 47, 
632 acres of state and privately 
owned land, and 89,P38 acres of 
federal owned timber lands. Ac- 
cording to latest survey figures 
more than 90,731 of the county's 
forest acres are well stocked; 
there are 2,749 medium stocked 
acres, and 43,990 acres are poor- 
ly stocked. 

The County Forestry Unit will be 
headed by a trained, experienced 
County Forest Ranger. 



Out Gove* 



From the templed hills of the 
North to the endless plains and 
marshes of the South, millions 
of Georgians and visitors from 
throughout the Nation each year 
enjoy various summer sports 
such as fishing, swimming and 
picknicking, in Georgia' s 25-mil- 
1 ion-acre forest playground. 



Georgia led all states in the 
eastern half of the nation in lum- 
ber production in 1951, according 
to final figures just issued by 
the Pureau of Census. Figures for 
1951, the latest year for which 
information is available, credit 
Georgia with a production of all 
types of soft and hard woods at 
2,177,193,000 board feet. North 
Carolina, with 2,022, 050,000 board 
feet was second. 

Lumber production in the United 
States during 1951 is estimated 
at 37.2 billion board feet, lumber 
tally, according to data summar- 
ized from the quarterly sawmill 
surveys conducted by the Pureau of 
of Census, Department of Commerce 
in cooperation with the National 
Production Authority. Estimated 
production in billions of board 
feet for previous years are 3P.0 
in 1«50; 32.2 in 1949; and 35.4 in 
1947. 

Eastern production in 1951 is 



estimated at 18. 3 billion board 
feet while western production is 
estimated at 18.9 billion board 
feet. The 19 50 estimated produc- 
tion in these regions in billions 
of board feet was 1 Q . 4and 18 .6 res- 
pectively. 

The 1951 production of softwood 
lumber was 29. 5 billion board feet 
while hardwood production was 7.7 
billion board feet. The 1 Q S0 es- 
timates were 30. 6 and 7. 4 billion 
board feet respectively. 

The estimated stocks of lumber 
on hand at sawmil Is was 5. 3bi 1 lion 
board feet on December 31, 1951. 
This represents a significant in- 
increase over the 4.7 billion 
board feet of sawmill stocks es- 
timated for December 31, 1 Q 50. The 
major increase in stocks were re- 
ported by sawmills located in the 
western States which showed an in- 
crease from 2.3 to 2.7 billion 
board feet. 



LIVING DEMONSTRATION OF THE VALUE OF FOREST FIRE PROTECTION- - 
The young trees here are just as old as forest fire protection in 
Chatham County. Natural reproducti m from the tall seed trees in 
the background and fire protection have resulted in this stand of 
four and five year old Slash Pines growing along 11. S. Highway 80 
just outside of Savannah. First District Forester Walter Stone, 
right, points out to Jack Fortin the advantages of integrating fire 
protection with wise forest management practices. 




Mitchell Octo 
Sees Forestry 



A Mitchell County octogenarian 
has proved again that faith can 
move mountains and has shown that 
profitable tree farming is not 
only for the young in years. 

Nineteen years ago, at the gay 
young age of 67, C. F. Richards of 
Hopeful planted four acres of Lob- 
lolly Pine. Today, at a lively 
P6, Richards proudly shows off his 
excellent stand of tall, fast- 
growing thinned pines as he re- 
lates the profits he has already 
realized from his 'venture in 
the afternoon of life'' and his 
anticipated revenues in the fu- 
ture. 

Richards, long a proponent of 
good forestry and progressive 
agriculture, is one of Georgia's 
pioneer teachers of Vocational 








FOREST PLANNED 19 YEARS AGO-- 
This stand of tall, fast-growing, 
thinned pines was planted in 1934 
in Mitchell County by C. F. Rich- 
ards who had "a definite forest 
management plan in mind" for the 
four acres of Loblolly Pineonhis 
Hopeful, Georgia, farm. Richards, 
now 86 years old, points out to 
Hugh P. Allen, Second District 
Forester, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, right, above, the value 
of cutting low stumps to utilize 
as much of a tree as possible. 
"This tree will make a fine pole," 
Richards tells Allen, left photo, 
and explains his practice of har- 
vesting each tree for the best 
market. 

Agriculture, and in point of years 
of service stands as one of the 
deans of public school education 
in the state. His teaching career 
covered a span of 49 years, with 
the last 27 years being devoted 
to Vocational Agriculture. As 
one of the "solid citizens" and 




mitt RATE OF HEALTHY PINES INCREASED BY ELIMINATING DISEASED, DEFORMED TREES 
'. Richards, Right, Describes His Thinning And Utilization Plan To H. P. Allen 



leaders in his home community, 
Pop Richards, as he is familiarly 
known, looks back upon more than 
30 years of service to the youth 
of southeastern Mitchell County. 
Sixth years ago he dedicated his 
lifetothe rural school children 
of Georgia in answer "to a definite 
call to my life's work just as a 
preacher is called to the pastor- 
ate. Oneday," relates Richards, 
"the reaching arms beckoned and 
I followed." 

When he originally planted the 
area in March, 1934, with a 
spacing of 6x7 and approximately 
1,000 trees to the acre, Richards' 
plans called for the first thin- 
ning after 12 years with the re- 
moval of half of the trees, and 
a second thinning seven years 
later when the stand had 20 years 
of growth. The second thinning 
was to leave 225 trees per acre. 

These plans were disrupted, how- 
ever, by an extended illness 
coupled with the shortage of labor 
occasioned by World War II and the 
stand was first thinned in Jan- 
urary of this year. 

Taking only the diseased and in- 
ferior trees, Richards sold the 
pulpwood for $5 per cord, stump- 
age , and received a total of almost 
^400 from the four acres, in addi- 
to harvesting 250 fenceposts which 
he utilized on his 300-acre farm. 
Despite this substantial return 



from this combination improvement 
and commercial thinning, Richards 
is convinced his first plans for 
s eve ral thinnings would have proved 
even more profitable. 

Prior to cutting, the stand 
was careful ly marked for selective 
harvesting by Leonard Eubanks, 
International Paper Company 
dealer. The stumps were cut low 
to insure maximum yield and the 
wood was shipped to Interna- 
tional's Panama City mill. 

Standing today as a living mon- 
ument to one man's faith and fore- 
sight, and as a continuous de- 
monstration of the substantial 
payoff from good forestry, Rich- 
ard' s pines are arrayed in clean 
lines of tall, clear-boled, fast 
growing trees behind the ' 'Har- 
vested Wisely' ' sign of the Sou- 
thern Pulpwood Conservation As- 
sociation. Showing visitors 
through the tract, Richards 
stresses time and again his be- 
lief in the forestry practices 
of fire protection, planting, per- 
iodical thinnings, marking be- 
fore cutting, requiring low 
stumps, and complete utili- 
zation. And just when the visitor 
begins to wonder when his guide 
really plans to slow down in life, 
energetic Mr. Richards fairly 
leaps over a barbed wire fence 
and points out the areas he plans 
to plant in pines next winter. 



Forestry 

Boards 

Appointed 

County Forestry Hoards have been 
appointed to direct the operation 
of the 12 County Forestry Units 
created on July 1 when forest pro- 
tection agreements were signed be- 
tween the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion and Chattahoochee, Clarke, 
Clayton, Dooly, Franklin, Gwin- 
nette, Lee, Lincoln, Lumpkin, Mar- 
ion, Oglethorpe and Putnam coun- 
ties, according to announcement by 
Guyton DeLoach, Director of the 
Commission. 

The Forestry Board in each 
county is composed of five pro- 
minent local citizens and land- 
owners who are appointed by the 
Commission Director. The Board 
acts in an advisory capacity to 
the County Forestry Unit, and 
assists the Commission in carry- 
ing out the forestry program in 
the county. 

The newly named board members, 
by county and district, are as 
follows: 
DISTRICT III 

CHATTAHOOCHEE COUNTY: Ed Wohl- 
wender, Columbus; H. E. McGlaun, 
Cusseta; R. E. Patterson, Cusseta; 
H. V. Miller, Cusseta; E. G. 
Willis, Cusseta. 

DOOLY COUNTY: Herbert Saliba, 
Byromville; F. L. Lilly, Lilly; 
W.R. Jackson, Vienna; J.K. Peavy, 
Unadilla; R.A. Davis, Pinehurst. 

LEE COUNTY: J. M. Forrester, 
Leesburg; J. R. Tucker, Smith- 
ville;Forrest Crotwell, Leesburg; 
H. E. Larsen, DeSota; Frank Bar- 
ber, Leesburg. 

MARION COUNTY: Grady Rogers, 
Buena Vista; JoeS. Burgin, Buena 
Vista; H. A. Morgan, Juniper;, B. 
L. McDaniel, Buena Vista; Jack 
Harvey, Buena Vista. 
DISTRICT IV 

CLAYTON COUNTY: A. A. Huie Jr., 
Jonesboro; J.M. Jones, Ellenwood; 
H. D. Thames, Forest Park; W. S. 
Turner, Lovejoy; Grover Northcut, 
College Park. 
DISTRICT VI 

PUTNAM COUNTY: T. W. Scott, 
Eatonton; F. S. Batchelor Jr., 
Eatonton; Buford Seymour, Eaton- 
(Continued on Page 10) 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Free Photos 4-Jf Boyd, Qidi £eai*t 

rf-ot&lt'uf, /It Annual Gcumn 



Forest Photos for Editors, 
1953-54 Edition' ' has been pub- 
lished recently by the American 
Forest P* Dductslndustries, Inc. , 
and is available free of charge 
to editors, writers, publishers, 
educators, artists and others. 
''The most effective way to 
tell a story is with good pic- 
tures,'' the brochure points 
out, and explains that the 86 
photos reproduced are typical of 
the several thousand forestry 
pictures available from AFPI's 
pictorial library. 

The eight-page booklet lists 
pictures by geographical region, 
and covers virtually every phase 
of forestry and wood processing. 
Copies of the publication, pic- 
tures listed in the booklet, and 
forest scenes not listed in the 
catalog may be ordered from Amer- 
ican Forest Products Industries, 
Inc., 1816 N Street, N. W. , Wash- 
ington 6, D. C. 



The colorful, heavily-wooded 
mountains surrounding Camp Wahsega 
in the Chattahoochee National For- 
est near Dahl onega, were well pop- 
ulated with more than 110 4-H Club 
boys and girls, Club leaders, coun- 
ty farm and home demonstration a- 
gents and forestry experts attend- 
ing the annual 4-H Forestry En- 
campment, July 20-25. 

The boys from North Georgia 
counties and girls from counties 
throughout the state were chosen 
on the basis of past forestry ac- 
hievements, with their industry 
rewarded by the trip, expense 
free other than transportation, 
to the North Georgia woods. 

The campers received advanced 
instruction in theoretical and 
practical phases of forestry from 
an outstanding staff of woodsmen 



$1,000 FOREST ESSAY CONTEST WINNERS- -Cash awards totaling $1,000 
were recently presented these six June high school graduates for 
composing winning essays in Union Bag and Paper Corporation's $1,000 
contest on the subject "What the Forests Mean to My Community." The 
contest was conducted in senior classes of all Georgia high schools. 
The group of winners recently spent a day touring Union Bag's Savan- 
nah plant, as an extra feature of the contest. Left to right, win- 
ners are, Shirley A. Troussell, Reynolds High School, $250; Betty 
J. Lancaster, Jordan Vocational High School, Columbus, $150; Jerry 
McKneely, Griffin High School, $100; Geneva Ennis, Brewt on High 
School, $250; Judy Smith, Eastman High School, $150; and Martha F. 
Faircloth, Rochelle High School, $100. 




who taught fire control, thinning, 
tree identification, harvesting, 
reforestation, measuring, market- 
ing, filing of saws, landscaping 
of farm homes, tree diseases and 
insect control. 

In addition to the forestry in- 
struction, ample time was set a- 
side for swimming, square dancing, 
singing and skits, and a visit 
through the mountainswas arrang- 
ed with stops at the fish hat- 
chery, Lake Winfield Scott and 
Vogel State Park. On one evening, 
Frank Woods of Southern Fell pre- 
sented a lecture-demonstration 
on micro-wave radio relay. The 
4-H Club annual rifle shoot for 
boys and girls was also held. 

Southern Bell Telephone Company 
sponsors not only the annual en- 
campment, but also the 4-H Club 
forestry program in Georgia. 

B. V. Bichardson and Elizabeth 
Zellner, Assistant State 4-H 
leaders, were in charge of the 
overall direction of the admin- 
istrative phases of the camp, 
while Dor sey Dyer, Extension For- 
ester, conducted the educational 
program. 

The woodsmen who instructed in 
the various phases of forestry 
were T. E. Hankinson, Assistant 
District Forester, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, Gainesville) 
Louis Gaby, Forester, Tennessee 
Valley Authority, Chattanooga, 
Tennessee; Nelson Brightwell, 
Assistant District Forester, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
Toccoa; Howard Doyle, Area For-, 
ester, Southern Pulpwood Conser- 
vation Association, Macon; J. F. 
Spiers, Forester, Central of 
Georgia Railroad, Statesboro; 
S. H. Palmer, District Hanger, 
U. S. Forest Service, Dahlonega; 
T. G. Williams, Extension Land- 
scape Sepcialist, Athens; C. P. 
Jordan, Extension Entomologist, 
Athens; W. E. Roberts, Sandvik 
Saw and Tool Company, Clarkes- 
ville; and C. W. Robertson, Con- 
servation Forester, Interna- 
tional Paper Company, Panama 
City, Florida. 



AUGUST, 1953 



^Ite. (lotuulufi 

Rangers In The News 



Turner County's biggest pine 
tree, standing long before the 
first settlers moved into the 
area, has been officially chris- 
tened with a bottle of turpentine 
by State Senator T. E. Kennedy, 
Jr., as a climax to a contest 
sponsored by the Turner County 
Forestry Unit. 

The tree, a yellow pi he and now 
officially labeled Turner's lar- 
gest, measures 46 inches near 
the base and towers 80 feet high 
over surrounding woodlands. It 
is the only pine in the vicinity. 

The tree was submitted in the 
county-wide contest by Zeke Shi- 
vers, and his son James attend- 
ed the ceremonies and accepted 
the $25 defense bond prize a- 
warded by the Ashburn Peanut 
Company, with W. E. Leverette 
making the presentation. 

The tree stands on property 
owned by Holmes Gorday along the 
old Rebecca Road. 



Shivers estimated the pine to 
be between 150 and 200 years old, 
and, if sawmilled, would proba- 
bly make at lease 3,000 board 
feet of lumber. 

He said he remembered the pine 
tree since his childhood, and 
during the depression years he 
used to hunt squirrels in the 
woods surrounding the tree. 
When a squirrel made it to the 
big pine, he commented, it dis- 
appeared high in the top branch- 
es, safe from a rifles's aim. 




Money does grow on trees in 
Truetlen County, and the Fores- 
try Unit has proof of the fact. 
Horace Morns, the Unit's Pa- 
trolman, started working one 12 
inch pine in his yard in the early 
summer of 1052, putting one streak 



NEW HEADQUARTERS AND PROUD RANGER- -The new headquarters building of 
the Lowndes County Forestry Unit is the "pride and joy" not only of 
Ranger W. W. Wright and his assistants, but of citizens of Lowndes 
County as well. Located in a shaded, wooded area, the building fur- 
nishes adequate space for the Ranger' s office, quarters for fire crews, 
garage, storage and shower facilities. 





FIRES* KILL' SMALL TREES, T0O-- 
The destructi <n of young, tender 
tree seedlings is one of the 
greatest unseen damages wrought 
by forest fires. Habersham County 
Forest Ranger William A. DeMore 
emphasizes this fact as he fingers 
a seedling killed by a recent 
forest fire in his territory. 

every two weeks for six months, 
using the acid treatment. 

The Unit reports in the Soper- 
ton News that ' 'even though last 
year was considered a bad dry 
year for Naval Stores, Morris got 
from this tree 32 pounds of gum 
which he sold to the Soperton 
Gum Market at $5.70 per hundred 
pounds, netting him $1. 83. 

'That was from just one tree,' 1 
the Unit emphasized. ' 'Suppose 
Morris had had a complete stand 
of 440 trees on an acre at the a- 
bove rate. This would have brought 
him $805. 20 for just one acre.' ' 

''Well we know that there are 
very few complete stands, so let's 
cut these figures and just con- 
sider a quarter stand of trees per 
acre,'' the article continued. 
' 'Now instead of f 1. 83 per tree, 
let' s figure iust half — or $.92 
per tree--still givinghim $101.20 
per acre. Now to get these trees 
worked on galves would still give 
him $50.60 per acre. 

' 'By keeping fire out of these 
trees he can begrowingmore trees 
to replace the old ones. When the 
old trees are worked out they can 
be sold for pulpwood or sawtimber 
at a good price, saying nothing 
about the amount of pine cones 
he could sell from this acre 
each year. ' ' 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Schley 
Reinvests 
Prize Money 

Schley County has donated the 
proceeds of one contest, which 
greatly benefited the whole 
county, to another county-wide 
project in the general public's 
interest . 

Schley received 11,000 for 
winning first place honors in 
the annual Keep Georgia Forests 
Green County Contest sponsored 
by the Georgia Forestry Asso- 
ciation. The forestry prize was 
donated to the county' s Recrea- 
tion Park, a project of the Lions 
Club which also sponsored the 
county's forestry competition, 
and the park debt was reduced to 
12, 200 . 



Society @jf Amenican 
tyosiaitesU Plan Meeti+t 



"Nature on Edge" will be the 
theme of the fifty-third annual 
meeting of the Society of Ameri- 
can foresters. More than 1,000 
members and guests are expected 
to attend the September 14-17 
sessions at Colorado Springs, 
Colorado 

President George L. Drake, of 
Shelton, Washington, who urges 
all foresters and friendsof for- 
estry everywhere to attend whe- 
ther members of the Society or 
not, will open the general sess- 
ion in the municipal auditorium. 

Eleven technical sessions have 
been scheduled for members with 
specialized interests in forest 
management, silviculture, forest 



9 

products, private forestry, 
forest economics, watershed man- 
agement, forest recreation, for- 
est-wildlife management, range 
management, public relations, 
and forestry eduction. 

There will be a half-day gen- 
eral session on the morning of 
the 15th and five papers of a 
general, interpretive nature 
will be presented which deal with 
the peculiarities and problems 
of the region. ' 'The theme 
'Nature on Edge' epitomizes the 
dynamic and often violent bio- 
logic, human and land-use ten- 
sions of the Rocky Mountain and 
Plack Hills region centering in 
Colorado,'' according to J.V.K. 
Wagar, chairman of the program 
committee. 



AWARDS GIVEN 4-H CLUBS FOR FIRE PREVENTION W0RK-- 
The Benedict School 4-H Club was recently presented 
a $100 check for winning first place in the Polk 
County Forest Fire Prevention Contest, cosponsored 
by the W. D. Trippe Lumber Company and the Peek- 
Hightower Lumber Company in cooperation with the Polk 
County Forestry Unit and the Polk County Extension 
Service. Here C. W. Peek presents the first place 



award to Elsie Carnes, Benedict 4-H representative. 
Vicky Denton, foreground, holds the $50 third place 
prize given Cedarlake School 4-H'ers, as Leonard 
Queen, second from right, smiles happily over the $75 
third prize given his 4-H Club at Fite School. Other 
sponsors, left to right, are J. J. Carter, County 
Forest Ranger; Johnny Stowe, County Agent; Allen Ful- 
fred, Assistant County Agent; and W. D. Trippe. 




Pulpwood.. 

(Continued from Page 2) 

total harvest of 14, 564, Q 00cords 
for an increase of 3.6 percent 
over 1 Q 51 production, and 17.1 
percent over 1950. The cut of 
pine pulpwood was 12, 7P 2, 700 
cords; a 2.7 percent increase o- 
ver 1951. Hardwood was harvested 
for 1,691,100 cords representing 
a 16.5 percent increase, and 
dead chestnut went into 91 # 100 
cords, a 45.7 percent decrease 
from 1951 production. 



The South probably also leads 
the nation in the manufacturing 
capacity for turning the raw 
wood into pulp. At the close of 
1952, the South had 63 pulpmills 
with a total pulping capacity of 
26,R65 tons of pulp per day. 




BIG TIMBER- -These large logs cut from a 175 year old tree bought 
from the Mill Haven Estates, Screven County, by the F. Mi. uarby Lum- 
ber Company, Statesboro, contained a total volume of 4, 300 board feet 
and the logs were valued at more than $500 delivered at the mill. 
Ranger J. W. Roberts, Bulloch County Forestry Unit, stands beside 
three logs which had diameter measurements inside the bark at the 
small end of the logs of 38, 34%, and 31 inches, and measured in 
length 25%, 24%, and 22'/ 2 feet. 



%m VvtevC *)*tdcut>Ue6... Forestr Y Boards - ■ 

r [Continued from Page 6 



(Continued 
The small wood-working and cere- 
mic industry will iniaially em- 
ploy from 12 to 15 persons with a 
substantial increase planned in 
the near future. Officers of the 
new corporation are Loy A. Water, 
president; T. J. Morris, first 
vice-president; James E. Hayes, 
executive vice-president and tre- 
asurer, and A. M. Seligman, sec- 
retary. 

Recent announcements indicate 
that the plant of the Welborn 
Veneer Company, formerly the 
Hill Veneer Company of Sylvania, 
will be enlarged, a panel plant 
will be installed, and new 
equipment will be added. The 
enlarged operation is expected 
to employ between 150 and 200 
persons. The Hill Company was 
recently purchased by A. W. 
Welborn of Waynesboro from John 
D. Hill. 

Plans are being made to operate 
a sawmill and planing mill in con- 
nection with the wholesale and re- 
tail business carried on by the 
Springfield Lumber Company, re- 
cently purchased by George A. 



from Page 3 ) 

Allen and Frank Arnsdorff from 
W. E. Allmon of Newington, Georgia. 
The company formerly operated un - 
der the name of the Springfield 
Lumber and Supply Company. The 
Allen brothers have been in the 
sawmill business for some eight 
years near Clye, and Arnsdorff 
has also been connected with saw- 
mill operations for some 15 years. 

The reopening of the Standard 
Processing Company had been an- 
nounced in Statesboro. The gum 
plant, which has been in opera- 
tion for six years, closed during 
the winter months for repairs, 
replacements and improvements, 
according to A. G. Fraps, vice- 
president of the company. 

The Savannah Lumber and Supply 
Company celebrated its ninth an- 
iversary with the opening of a 
new, modern store at 2P1 Q Bull 
Street, in Savannah. Large new lum- 
ber sheds and a warehouse are at 
the rear. The business is operated 
by a father and sons team includ- 
ing HarrellC. Murray, Sr. , Harrell 
C. Murray, Jr., and W. Cambridge 
Murray. 



(Continued from Page 6) 
ton; J.L. Rossee, Eatonton; Bill 
Besseau, Eatonton. 
DISTRICT IX 

FBANKLIN COUNTY: E. P. Jack- 
son, Lavonia; E.W. Walters, Toc- 
coa; BoyceDyer, Carnesville; Roy 
W. Hart, Royston; G. W. Gunnells, 
Danielsville. 

GWINNETT COUNTY: Powe 1 1 Smi th , 
Lawrenceville; Henry Aderholt, 
Stone Mountain; W. Hugh Medlock, 
Norcross; Benson Jones, Buford; 
W. C. Britt, Snellville. 

LUMPKIN COUNTY: M. F. Shelton, 
Dahlonega; Fred Palmer, Dahlonega; 
W. W. Blackburn, Dawsonville; W. 
W. Grizzle, Dahlonega; Charlie 
Early, Dahlonega. 
DISTRICT X 

CLARKE COUNTY: Coile Brown, 
Athens; Edgar Wood, Athens; W.W. 
Wier, Athens; Boy Hamilton, Athens; 
G. N. Bishop, Athens. 

LINCOLN COUNTY: J. A. Goldman, 
Amity; H. A. Goldman, Lincolnton; 
Fred Prater, Lincolnton; Joe Hol- 
loway, Lincolnton; Joe Strother, 
Amity. 

OGLETHORPE COUNTY: W. T. Cun- 
ningham Jr., Lexington; S. E. 
Hogan , Lexington; R. P. Bright- 
well, Maxeys; Joe Stevens Jr., 
Carlton; T.P. Pass, Point Peter. 




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UNIVERSITY OF Gi 







First in nation in protected acreage of 
private and state lands. 



First in South and East in lumber 
production. 



First in South in pulpwood production. 



Naval stores capital of the world. 



First in nation in area planted yearly 



First in nation in privately-owned 
forest acreage. 




EPTEMBER, 1953 















GEORGIA-OUT FRONT IN FORESTRY 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Kili tori a I 

Georgia Forests Have Tremendous Resources 



(From the Valdosta Daily Times) 



Georgia is rapidly becoming one 
of the most important states in 
the nation from the standpoint of 
lumber production and production 
of all forest products. Our state 
leads the eastern half of the 
United States in lumber produc- 
tion with North Carolina in second 
position. In 1951, Georgia pro- 
duced 2,177,103,000 board feet 
of lumber. North Carolina pro- 
duced 2,022,050,000. 

In Ceorgia approximately two- 
thirds of the state's area is in 
woodlands. These acres are po- 
tentially the state's greatest 
source of revenue. 

In recent years we have made a 
lot of progress in the develop- 
ment of our woodlands. There was 
a time when we gave little or no 
thought to preservation of our 



growing trees. The woodlands were 
burned over regularly. Saw tim- 
ber was cut without regard to fu- 
ture growth. There were numberous 
instances of lands being all but 
denuded by cutting of timber for 
sawmills. 

Today we are giving thought to 
fire prevention, selective cut- 
ting for sawmills, reforestation 
and other practices that will pro- 
tect our trees for both present 
and future use. 

Our state can and should have 
a tremendous amount of timber for 
various uses in the years that 
lie ahead. It is impossible to 
predict with any degree of accur- 
acy how much our forests will be 
worth in the future if they are 
properly handled and protected. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 




Vol. 6 September, 1953 


No. 9 


Published Monthly 




by the 




GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 




State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 




Guyton DcLoach, Director 




Members, Board of Commissioners: 


G. Philip Morgan, Chairman 


Savannah 


John M. MeElrath Macon K. S. Varn 


Waycross 


C. M. Jordan. Jr. Alamo H. 0. Cummings . 


Donalsonville 
it the Post 


Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter , 


Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 


Press Association. 

* * * * 




EDITOR Richard E. Davis 


ASSOCIATE EDITOR Catherine Dismuke 


DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTR l COMMISSION: 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, DISTRICT VI— P 


O. Box 505, 


Statesboro Milledgeville 




DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, DISTRICT VII—] 


Route 1, 


Camilla Rome 




DISTRICT III— P. O. Box 169, DISTRICT VIII- 


-P. O. Box 811, 


Americus Wavcross 




DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, DISTRICT IX— P 


. O. Box 416, 


Newnan Gainesville 




DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, DISTRICT X— P. 


O. Box 302, 


McRae Washington 





Georgia Leads Nation 
In Tree Planting 

(Carrol iton Times Free Press) 
The 1952 report on total acres 
planted to forests established 
another first for Georgia and gave 
assurance that the state is build- 
ing a great backlog for its econo- 
mic future—some 15-20 yearshence. 
In leading the nation in planting 
young trees Ceorgia planted almost 
as much privately -owned lands as 
did 36 other states combined. Even 
in leading the nation, the state 
did not turn to trees in such an im- 
mense way although it has many, 
many thousandsof acres which should 
be growing more trees, preferably 
pine which grows fast, are in great 
demand for sawing into lumber and 
are the chief source of pulpwood. 
Georgia's planting in 1952 was 
50,33ft acres, reforested by pri- 
vate landowners, and federal, 
state and local governments. Pri- 
vate landowners planted 49,504 a- 
cres. 

1 Reforestation efforts in the 
South lead the nation. Meanwhile, 
timber supplies are being cut a- 
way in those parts of the nation 
which were ''attacked'' by the 
lumber barons last. The 1952 plant- 
ings were dominated by those on 
privately owned land while only a 
decade ago reforestation was chief- 
ly a government project. Govern- 
mental agencies are withdrawing 
from this field as the private 
landowner takes it up. Carroll 
County has many thousands of ma- 
grinal farm land which has become 
idle as to most agricultural act- 
ivities. It should be planted in 
trees and earning its way. 

GEORGIA' S PACE-SETTING FOREST 
PRODUCTION AND STATE FORESTRY 
PROGRAM garners the laurels of 
regional and national champion- 
ships for the state.- 

Georgia' s Forestry Firsts re- 
flect the combined efforts of 
state and federal forestry, in- 
dustry, business, finance, and 
individuals in the protection, 
profitable harvesting, reforesta- 
tion and wise utilization of the 
forest resource. 



SEPTEMBER, 1953 



Bumper Seedling Crop 
Of 100 Million Predicted 



"The greatest year ever'' is 
the forecast for production of 
forest tree seedlings in Geor- 
gia's four state nurseries. The 
prediction for the highest pro- 
duction in the history of the 
state nursery program is made by 
Cuyton DeLoach, Director of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission which 
operates the nurseries. 

' "The more than 100 million young, 
healthy, vigorous tree seedlings 
that are expected to make up this 
years nursery crop'' DeLoach de- 
clared, ' 'will be almost twice as 
many as have ever been grown in any 
other single year. And those 100 
million trees will be a sufficient 
number to reforest between 90,000 
and 100,000 acres of the idle, sub- 
marginal agricultural land in Geor- 
gia that needs to be planted in 
trees to reach productivity. ' ' 

The species and anticipated pro- 
duction of trees were outlined by 
DeLoach, as follows: 

Slash Dine, 64, P46, 750 seed- 
lings; LobolllyDine, 25, 310,000; 
Longleaf, 7 P 3, 500; Short leaf, 50, 
000; Dlack Locust, 50,000; Red 
Cedar, 200,000; Arizona Cypress, 
544,200; Yellow Doplar, IIP, 000; 
and several thousand White Dine. 

The Davisboro Nursery, the Com- 
mission's largest, is again ex- 
pected to lead in production with 
approximately 29,850,000 seed- 
lings. Expected production for 
the Herty Nursery is 24,848,252 
seedlings; Dightower N ursery 20, 
130,000; and Horseshoe Den Nur- 
sery, 25,173,200. 

Commission officials point out 
that this year's nursery output 
will establish a new, all-time 
high record for production of 
seedlings from the state nurser- 
ies, and that Georgia, already 
the national leader in the plant- 
ing of acres to forest trees, seems 
certain to continue to dominate in 
this phase of forestry. Forestry 
Commission officials also admon- 
ished that seedling production 
naybe reduced by unforseen and 
jnpredictable insect and disease 



attacks and other damaging fac- 
tors, though constant efforts are 
being exerted to limit to a min- 
imum the loss of seedlings in the 
nursery due to insect and disease 
attack, and to insure a large sup- 
ply of seedlings for delivery to 
landowners. 

Tn announcing the results of pre- 
liminary inventories of nursery 
stock, DeLoach emphasized that if 
present indications hold true there 
should be ample seedlings to sup- 
ply the demand in the state. He 
particularly urged that all per- 
sons and organizations desiring to 
place new orders or increase stand- 
ing orders do so at once. ' 'Inother 
words'', said the Director, ''we 
have seedlings for sale and we want 
to insure that these seedlings will 
be bought by landowners and proper- 
ly planted. 

BUMPER SEEDLING CROP AT GEORGIA' S 
LARGEST TREE NURSERY ATDAVISBORO- 
In upper photo, Nursery Superin- 
tendent, MackNeal, inspects Long- 
leaf pine seedlings. At right, 
seedlings are sprayed to control 
insects and diseases prior to the 
fall shipping season. Bottom 
photo, record seedling crop 
growing at Georgia' s largest 
forestry nursery. 



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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



New Policy Improves 
Management Services 



''In line with our plan to keep 
abreast of the changing trends in 
forest economics and in order to 
offer more and improved services 
to the thousands of forest land- 
owners in the state, the Georgia 
Forestry Commissionhas formulated 
a new policy governing the Forest 
Management services rendered to the 
state's timberland owners. 

This statement by Guyton De- 
Loach, Director of the Commission, 
accompanied the recent announcment 
of the Commission's latest re- 
vision in Forest Management Policy. 

Under the new rules, the amount 
of service given to each landowner 
will be extended to four days ra- 
ther than the three days or 150 
acres as specified by the old man- 
agement policy. There is now no 
specified acreage limit; however, 
the acreage will depend upon the 
amount of area that can be covered 
in four days. Travel time of for- 
esters as well as actual work time 
in the field are included in this 
four-day period. 

''Tree marking service,'' De- 



Loach explained, ''will be given 
only after the landowner and For- 
estry Commission representatives 
have signed a written agreement 
covering all conditions and re- 
quirements for which the service 
is given. Such items as deposits, 
refunds and expiration date for 
cutting are covered by the agree- 

7 I 

ment. 

Each landowner will be re- 
quired to make a deposit, amount- 
ing to a performance bond, of 50<r 
per thousand board feet Scribner 
rule and/ or 13<£ per cord for pulp- 
wood,'' Deloach said. '"The vol- 
ume of pulpwood wi 1 be determined 
by multiplying the number of mark- 
ed trees in the stand by the aver- 
age size tree. The Commission re- 
presentative and each landowner 
must agree on the methods to be 
used and the landowner must signi- 
fy his understanding of the limits 
of accuracy of the methods. " 

"This method will be used re- 
gardless of whether the landowner 
wishes to sell by the cord or lump 
(Continued on Page 10) 



MARKING TREES FOR SELECTIVE CUTTING MEANS BETTER TIMBER MANAGE- 
MENT--John Hammond, Assistant District Forester, marks timber on 
Newnan watershed. This is one of the services offered forest owners 
under the Commission's management policy. 




Annual ^nainivia 
SeA4>i04iA> 

''School days are here again,'' 
was the byword as fifty County Ran- 
gers of the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission attended the Commission's 
two-day training session held 

September 9-10 at the School of 
Forestry, Lniversity of Georgia, 
Athens, Georgia. Attending the 
sessions were all newly-employed 
County Forest Bangers and those 
who had not attended previous sum- 
mer training sessions. 

The training school highlighted 
the newest methods of forest fire 
fighting and prevention, preven- 
tative maintenance of vehicles and 
power equipment, and improved wood- 
lot and forest management. Courses 
on administration of the County 
Forestry Unit were given to the 
fifty men who were employed during 
the previous year to head the Coun- 
ty Forestry Unit. 

Directing the school was H. F. 
Ruark, Assistant Director , Georgia 
Forestry Commission. Instructors 
were Commission Department Heads 
and principal assistants. 

Outlining the purpose of the Ran- 
ger Training School, Guyton re- 
Loach, Director of the Commission 
said, ' 'Heads of our County Fores- 
try Units must be more than fire- 
fighters they must have detailed 
knowledge of reforestation, fire 
prevention, information and edu- 
cation methods, forest management, 
law enforcement, and must have a 
working knowledge of all vehicles 
ranging from small jeeps to heavy 
duty tractor suppression units us- 
ed in fire suppression.'' 

''The Ranger Training School,'' 
he continued, ''was held to give 
our men the latest information and 
instruction available in those ma- 
ny phases of County Forestry Units 
operations in which they must have 
detailed knowledge' ' . 

This two day school was followed 
by a series of one day training 
sessions held in each of the ten 
forestry districts in Georgia. In- 
structors for these short sessions 
were L. L. Lundy, Assistant Fire 
Control Chief; James C. Turner, 
Tenth District Forester; and W. N. 
Stone, First District Forester. 



SEPTEMBER, 1953 



Seminole tyoutft, 7(/C«t4, 
State *??/$ 'Potently 



^ Rudolph McDonald, 17-year-old 
Future Farmer of America fromDon- 
alsonville, has been named state 
winner in an FFA forestry award 
program sponsored by the Seaboard 
Airline Railroad. McDonald has re- 
ceived a % 100 cash award for out- 
standing work on his 12-acre for- 
estry project, and as part of his 
award he will go to Kansas City, 
Missouri, in October, to attend 
the National FFA Convention. 

Three other Future Farmers also 
were presented cash awards in the 
contest. Punner-up Raymond Nas- 
worthy, Swainsboro , received $ 20; 
Jack Holt, Ellijay, placed third 
and was awarded *15, while Paul 
King, Hahira, received the fourth 
place prize of $10. 

Presentation of the state awards 
were made by P. N. Hoskins, Indus- 
trial Forester for Seaboard, dur- 
ing the Silver Anniversary State 
FFA Convention in August at the 
State FFA Camp near Covington. 

McDonald, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
W. H. McDonald, has this year com- 
pleted his third year of FFA work 
under his adviser, B. E. Baker, 
and has participated in FFA fores- 
try, public speaking, corn winter 
grazing, home improvement, paint- 
ing and cotton contests. 

In his first year of vocational 
agriculture study, McDonald work- 
ed a nine-acre forestry plot which 
has increased to 12 acres, all of 
which has been thinned and is pro- 
tected from fire. He has built 
3,360 yards of firebreaks averaging 
eight to 10 feet wide. In this wood- 
land he has planted some P ,000 pine 
seedlings. From selective cutting 
on the tract he has sold 26 units 
of pulpwood, and has cut and cre- 
osoted 250 fence posts. 

In addition to his forestry 




-' -. 



%**^** 

~*~ , **» 



RUDOLPH MCDONALD, FFA FORESTRY AWARD WINNER, examines the annual 
growth rings of a recently cut tree on his 12 acre Slash Pine plan- 
tation which has been thinned mechanically. McDonald protected his 
project from fire by constructing 3,360 yards of firebreaks. 



work this year, McDonald also has 
one acre in corn, one in peanuts, 
one in cotton, five acres in win- 
ter grazing and one hog. Plans call 
for the young farmer to cultivate 
175 acres next year with one hired 
helper. 

Tn his FFA chapter, Rudolph has 
served as chairman of the leader- 
ship committee, chapter treasurer, 
and has been elected president for 
next year. To help raise money for 



his chapter, he sponsored a chap- 
ter quarter, operated a FFA store, 
and was manager of the chapter 
thrift bank. His school and com- 
munity activities have included 
serving as vice-president and sec- 
retary of his high school classes, 
member of the Dramatic Club, se- 
cretary and treasurer of the Se- 
minole County Singing Convention, 
and an executive member of the lo- 
cal Baptist Association. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



OtiiitandUta Vo-lu4i.te.esi I4ti.lt 

Cherokee Boy Scouts In Forefront 
Of Battle Against Woods Fires 



When forest fire strikes in 
Cherokee County, the raging 
flames are often battled by one 
of the finest volunteer fire 
fighting groups in Georgia! 

Poy Scout Troop 153, of Canton, 
maintains a continuous, 24-hour, 
year-round alert to join forces 
with the Cherokee County Fores- 
try Unit at the first summons of 
Forest Banger Frnest Poland. 
Battling the destructive woods 
blazes is a prime function of 
the troop's Explorer Scout Emer- 
gency Service Group which is al- 
so prepared to meet other emer- 
gencies such as destructive wind- 
storms or tornadoes, floods or 
explosions. 

Organized more than a year ago 
and in full-scale operation since 
that time, the 35 volunteer fire- 
fighters work under a plan de- 
vised by Bolan and Howard For- 
rest, Troop Scoutmaster. When 
Rolan reaches the scene of a wild- 
fire and his preliminary scout- 
ing of the fire indicates that 
his crews will need help to hold 
the fire loss to a minimum, he 



immediately puts in a call for 
help to the Scout Unit. Bolan 
calls n ^ s towerman by means of 
two-way radio direct from the 
fire scene, thereby eliminating 
the necessity of leaving the 
fire himself, and the loss of 
time. The towerman in turn con- 
tacts Scoutmaster Forrest by 
telephone. Forrest immediately 
notifies his Senior Crew leader 
who quickly rounds up the Scouts 
at a central point. Forrest, who 
is able to determine the loca- 
tion of the fire and the most ra- 
pid route of approach to the fire 
by means of a County Dispatcher's 
Map which he keeps in his car at 
all times, picks up the boys and 
proceeds to the scene of the fire 
where the group reports to the 
fire boss for duty. 

The Scouts are able to reach 
a fire at any point in the county 
within a maximum of 45 minutes 
from the moment Forrest is not- 
ified. 

Troop 153' s fire-fighting rec- 
ord to date includes service on 
approximately 15 fires during 



GET THE FIRELINE WIDE AND CLEAN says Scoutmaster Howard Eorrest, 
left, as he directs Scouts in cutting firebreak in front of flames. 
From left Scouts are Jimmy Williams, Joe Turner, Charles Kellogg. 




both day and night. Several of 
these encounters with wildfire 
have extended over many hours 
and on one intense, fast-moving 
fire last fall the Scouts fought 
without letup for two days and a 
night. Rolan has high praise for 
the efforts and concerted action 
of these boys on a fire. 'The 
entire group really pitches in 
and goes to work the minute they 
reach the fire scene, ' ' says the 

Banger, ' ' and follow very close- 
ly the instructions of the fire 
bosses and the directions of 
Scoutmaster Forrest and the Se- 
nior Group Leaders. Everyone of 
the boys seem to realize what is 
at stake and they all put forth 
their best efforts. Their work, 
and particularly the leadership 
of Howard Forrest, hasmeant much 
to Cherokee County in savingmany 
acres of valuable timberland 
that otherwise would have been 
lost to flames due to the lack of 
trained, willing firefighters. ' ' 

The boys carry out many impor- 
tant jobs on fires, with their 
greatest effectiveness being in 
the cutting of firebreaks with 
handtools in places where the 
tractor and plow suppression u- 
nits are not usable or are inef- 
fective. They usually work in 
three or four -man crews with 
flaps, fire rakes and backpumps. 
When tractor and plow units are 
utilized to cut firebreaks, the 
Scouts work in crews following 
the plows to insure a good clean 
firebreak, and also serve in 
policing firebreaks and in help- 
ing with mop-up on fires. Bolan 
and his Forestry Unit members 
take precautions for the safety 
of the Scouts when on fires. 

The Forestry Unit vehicles now 
transport all handtools and o- 
ther equipment to the fires, but 

(Continued on Page-10) 







TACK THE FIRE HERE," says Cherokee 

Ranger Ernest Rolan, above, as he 

i Jimmy Williams and joe Turner to the 

iire. These two Senior Scouts carry 

hey advance to battle the flames. 



FOREST FIRE PREVENTION IS TROOP 157 S JOB, TOO--Scouts examine 
forest fire prevention material pointed out by Forest Ranger Ernest 
Rolan. Left to right, rear, are Gene Turner, Joe Turner, Charles 
Kellog, and Jimmy Williams. In front row are Billy Cantrell 
and Barry Giles. 



LOCATION OF THE FIRE," Ranger Rolan 
er consolidating reports from fire 

by two-way radio to the dispatcher' s 
2S on the map indicate tower sites, 
in left to right, are Charles Kellog, 
and Joe Turner. 



MEMBERS OF SCOUT TROOP 153 put the finishing touches on a 
fireline by following a fire suppression unit and raking burnable 
debris away from the fireline. Two of the boys carry backpumps 
and other Scouts use fire flaps and rakes. 





Screven 
Forestry 
Show 



Landowners, farmers, and 
private, industrial and public 
foresters from over the state 
gathered at the John Mills Farm 
near Sylvania on August 12 to 
witness a forestry demonstration 
sponsored by the West Virginia 
Pulp and Paper Company and H. M. 
and W. H. Verdery. 

Assisting with the demonstra- 
tion were the Soil Conservation 
Service, Agricultural Extension 
Service, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, and the Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Service. 

Norman E. Sands, Forestry Spec- 
ialist, Soil Conservation Ser- 
vice, Waycross, Georgia, opened 
the meeting with a discussion and 
demonstration of the correctplant- 
ing procedures. A thinning demon- 
stration by Howard J. Doyle, Area 

(Continued on Page 10) 

A GOOD FORESTRY AND GOOD 

^llOOD WERE TIIK FARE at the 
V I John Mills Farm near Sylvania 
^B recently at a demonstration 
" and barbecue. 
In photo 1, Howard J. Doyle, 
Area Forester, Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association, com- 
pares tree growth in thinned and 
unthinned stands. 

Bill Harper, Assistant District 
Forester, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, photo 2, speaks on fire 
control work of Screven County 
Forestry Unit as suppression 
equipment is demonstrated. 

Photo 3, Walter Stone, First 
District Forester, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, demonstrates 
methods used to poison undesir- 
able hardwoods. 

In photo 4, Manton R. Frierson 
Jr. , Conservation Forester, West 
Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, 
discusses benefits of proper 
thinning as crowd views thinned 
y 4 -acre plot. 



I 



Rangers In 
The News 



Ben Hill County, winner of the 
1500 second place award in the 
Keep Georgia Forests Green con- 
test, has donated the prize to a 
building fund being raised in the 
County for the construction of an 
agricultural center. 

The center will provide a meet- 
ing place for agricultural, educa- 
tional, recreational, social and 
business activities. The County 
Forestry Unit will also be housed 
there. 

An additional $500 has been pre- 
sented by the Farm Bureau, 4-Hf and 
Future Farmers of America. 

The structure will be of semi- 
finished, cottage-style weather 
boarding, with a concrete founda- 
tion and floor. 




It is apparent that Lonnie Gary, 
Sumter County Ranger, knows just 
what will appeal most to children 
and grown-ups alike. 

Under the Americus Times-Becord- 
er headline ' 'Smokey Fear Will Ap- 
pear in Farade,'' the forester 
made this announcement: 

''Attention, Kids (of all ages) 
the Georgia Forestry Commission' s 
prize mascot, Smokey Pear, will 
appear in the 'Manufacturers' 
Day' parade today. 

''Smokey Pear came to visit A- 
mericus from his head (zoo) quar- 
ters in Jeffersonville where he 
has been in captivity since a cub. 
He will remain in town several 
lays, being kept at the Trade 
School. 

Post-parade reports indicate 
that Smokey ''stole the show," 
ind has promised to again visit 
vith Americus folk. 




SETS ENVIABLE RECORD- -Ranger J. H. Boggs, Floyd County, holds an 
outstanding record in highway safety. During his 17 years of service 
in battling wildfires in north Georgia he has traveled 204,000 
miles and has never had an accident. 

"JOHN LAW" JOINS THE FIRE PREVENTION CAMPAIGN- -Augusta policemen 
E. L. Clack and J. J. Powell, on motorcycles, show off the SPCA 
'Stop Woods Fires" stickers which are being exhibited on all police 
motorcycles in that area. At left is T. M. Strickland, Richmond 
County Ranger, and at extreme right is Tenth District Forester 
J. C. Turner. 



■mcaRY^HW 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



1/ea>i- Round Radio. SesUei 
Scheduled Bu Gottuntidion 



The ' 'Swingbil lies' ' will again 
this year be a part of the Georgia 
Forestry Commiss ion' s educational 
program designed to promote better 
forestry in Georgia and to empha- 
size fire prevention. 

Under the supervision of the 
Commission, a 52-week series of 
15 minute radio shows will be pro- 
duced locally featuring the 
' 'Swingbillies, an outstanding 
group of folk and western music 
entertainers. The shows will 
start during the fall in advance 
of the severe fire season. 

Three one-minute live spot an- 
nouncements during each program 
will allow County Rangers and For- 
esters an opportunity to give for- 
estry information, to explain 
special forest fire danger warn- 
ings to their local listeners, and 
to enlist aid in fire prevention. 



A novel feature of the coming 
year's programs will be partici- 
pation by local and state forestry 
officials in special spot announce- 
ments designed to concentrate 
fire prevention efforts of the 
public during periods of high 
fire danger. 

The ''Swingbillies Show'', a 
public service feature, will be 
heard over more than 50 radio sta- 
tions throughout the state and it 
will include hillbilly, western, 
and popular music. Emcee Pay McCay 
leads the band compcsed of Fuel 
Parker, fiddler, mandolin player, 
and brass-vocals; Paul I.unsford, 
rhythm guitar player and vocalist; 
' 'Junebug' ' Thomas, lead guitar 
player, Randy Jones, piano and ac- 
cordionplayer, and HarryChumbler, 
bass fiddle. 



AWARDED UNION BAG SCHOLORSHIPS- - Frank Hardee (left) of Baxley, Geor- 
gia, and Jess Tanner, Axson, Georgia, are the 1953 selections to re- 
ceive the two forestry scholorships given away each year by Union Bag 
and Paper Corporation of Savannah. The boys, who have distinguished 
themselves in 4-H Club and FFA work, will each receive $400 a year 
for their four-year course. They are scheduled to enter the school 
of Forestry at the University this fall. 




Pulp Industries Plant 
Over 28 Million Trees 
In Georgia 

Georgia's pulp and paper indus- 
tries planted more forest tree 
seedlings in the state during 
1952-53 than in any other sou- 
thern state, with a total of 
more than 28-3/ 4 million trees 
being set out on more than 2fl , 
750 acres of idle land. 

Six pulp and paper companies 
located in the state, and eight 
located in adjacent states and 
operating in Georgia, were res- 
ponsible for planting 2R million 
trees in Georgia, with three com- 
panies engaged in the business 
of producing pulpwood in Georgia 
accounting for the planting of an 
additional 3/4 million trees. 

According to a report compiled 
by H. J. Malsberger, Forester 
and General Manager of the Sou- 
thern Pulpwood Conservation As- 
sociation, the pulp and paper 
industry purchased 2(vi million 
trees from publicity operated 
nurseries and the remaining 21/4 
million were grown in industrial 
nurseries operated by the St. 
Regis Paper Company and Union 
Pag and Paper Corporation. The 
industry planted 21,250 acres 
of its own lands and gave to 
small landowners enough trees to 
plant 7,500 acres. 

Industries providing infor- 
mation for the Georgia report in- 
cluded the Rrunswick Pulp and 
Paper Company, The Champion Pa- 
per and Fibre Company, Container 
Corporation of America, Coosa 
River Newsprint Company, Macon 
Kraft Company, International 
Paper Company, Union Pag and Pa- 
per Corporation, and West Vir- 
ginia Pulp and Paper Company, all 
members of the Association, and 
Armstrong Cork Company and Powa- 
ters Southern Paper Corporation. 
The pulpwood producing companies 
reporting were the Cherokee Tim- 
ber Corporation, Dixie Wood, 
Inc. , and Langdale Company, also 
members of the Association. 



Policy... 

(Continued From Page 3) 



bum," DeLoach stated. 

"To determine sawtimber vol- 
ume ,- each tree marked will 

be tallied and the procedure 
will be followed whether the 
owner intends to sell by the 
thousand lumber tally behind 
the saw or by the thousand of 
estimated standing timber by 
log rule. " 

DeLoach pointed out that 
deposits will be refunded upon 
written request of the land- 
owner prior to a six months' 
expiration date, upon inspec- 
tion of the timber and upon 
determination by the Commission 
Forester that timber was cut 
according to the marking. 
The expiration date, or date 
by which the timber must be 
cut in order to qualify lor 
refund, may, under unusual 
circumstances, be extended 
up to one year' s time. 

Each district will, upon 
written request, send to in- 
terested parties a monthly list 
of names of landowners for 
whom timber has been marked 
showing the volume marked. 



Scouts... 

(Continued From Page 5j 

plans for the immediate future 
call for the Troop to purchase 
and outfit its own Emergency 
Trailer. Some of the major e- 
quipment to be kept in constant 
readiness on this trailer will 
be fire rakes, fire flaps, back- 
pumps, a drinking water supply 
and first aid equipment. 

Troop 153 also contributes 
much to forest fire protection 
in Cherokee County even when not 
on a fire. They are continuously 
practicing fire prevention in all 
their camping activities in the 
woods and take special measures 
to see that other troops follow 
their example. 

The Scouts also post fire pre- 
vention display materials in ef- 
fective locations and distribute 
forestry literature. Many of 
153' s members have qualified for 
the Forestry Merit Padge under the 
supervision of Forest Ranger Ro- 
lan, who doubles in the role of 
Merit Fadge Counselor and Assis- 
tant Scoutmaster. 




THE MEASURING OF TIMBER PRODUCTS is demonstrated above by T. B. 
Hankinson, assistant district forester, Georgia Forestry Commission. 
Looking on from left to right are John Sauerhoefer, Washington 
County; Noel Vandiver, Wilkes County, winner of Northeast Georgia 
district competition; David Brown, Carroll County, winner of the 
Northwest Georgia district competition; Berry Moore, Jones County; 
— — — — — —^—^— -^^—^^— and Clayton Kay, Walker County. 

(Continued from Page 7 ) 
Forester, Southern Pulpwood Con- 
servation Association, Macon, 
Georgia, and Manton R. Frierson, 
Jr. , Conservation Forester, West 
Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, 
Columbia .S. C. , followed as the 
crowd gathered to view timber 
stands that had been thinned by 
correct forestry methods. 

Integrated utilization, an im- 
portant phase of forest manage- 
ment, was thoroughly covered by 
C. N. Brightwell, Assistant Ex- 
tension Forester, Agricultural 
Extension Service, Athens. 

Hardwood poisoning and fire 
control methods were discussed 
and demonstrated by Walter Stone, 
First District Forester, and Pill 
Harper, Assistant District Fores- 
ter, Georgia Forestry Commission, 
Statesboro, Georgia. 

The meeting was concluded with 
an old fashioned barbecue sponsored 
through the courtesy of dealers 
W. M. and W. H. Verdery and the 
West Virginia Pulp and Paper Com- 
pany. 



A GROUP OF 4-H GIRLS (below) get 
some tips on the use of nati ve trees 
and shrubs for landscaping from 
T. B. Williams, extension service 
landscape specialist. The girls 
are, left to right, Alma Kennedy, 
Habersham County; Jean Gainous, 
Grady; Marianne Gillis Trentlen; 
Nellie Whitehead, Polk; and Wanda 
Morris, Appling, County. 




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RGIA 
FORESTRY 




GEORGIA, 






GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Another First For Georgia 



(From the Weekly 

Georgia has achieved another 
''first'' in the nation-one which 
will pay rich dividends in the 
future. 

The Georgia Forestry Commission 
reports that this state led the 
entire country in total acres 
planted to trees during 1952. 
Landowners in Georgia also plant- 
ed almost twice as much privately 
operated land as 36 other states 
combined. 

During the past year a total of 
50,338 acres were reforested in 
Georgia by private landowners and 
federal, state and local govern- 
ments. This brought Georgia up to 
fifth in the nation with a total 
of 357,258 reforested acres since 
reforestation efforts were inau- 
gurated in the South. 

Colquitt county may claim a 
share in this new ''first'' a- 
chieved by Georgia. The Forestry 
Commission reveals that 51,400 
pine seedlings have been shipped 
to Colquitt county and planted 
during 1952-53. 



Moultrie Observer) 

The record indicates that the 
' 'Keep Georgia Green' ' program is 
paying off. Protective measures 
which have been taken on virtually 
a statewide basis in the last few 
years have resulted in the conser- 
vation of millions of dollars 
worth of valuable timber and 
young trees. It also has served 
as an encouragement to other land- 
owners to reforest areas which in 
the past have been denuded or have 
been lying idle. 

This program of reforestation, 
plus the protection being accord- 
ed through fire fighting units, 
will mean much to Georgia in fu- 
ture years. Farmers are awakening 
to the fact that reforestation is 
another form of economic insurance. 
As a consequence. Georgia is ta- 
king the lead in the nation in 
taking advantage of the oppor- 
tunities to guarantee a bigger 
supply of lumber and naval stores 
for the future, as well as pro- 
viding firmer economic security 
for themselves. 



Vol. 6 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

October, 1953 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DcLoach, Director 



No. 10 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo H. O. Cummings ..... Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



Cauded. Out 
Woodi *UneA 

(From the Atlanta Journal ) 



The weather is dry. Pine straw 
and leaves are tinder on the for- 
est floor. A spark, a cigarette 
butt, a match, and flames are roar- 
ing through the trees. Volunteers, 
fire departments and forest ser- 
vice fight the flames. The fire 
is extinguished but not until 
thousands of dollars of damage 
has been done. 

Last week on Poswell Poad, prac- 
tically in suburban Atlanta, fire 
destroyed 200 acres of good pine 
timber. Firemen said they be- 
lieved that picnickers failed to 
extinguish their camp fire. The 
picnickers were trespassers and 
paid their host for his involun- 
tary hospitality by ruining his 
property. 

Last year, after an unusually 
dry summer, flames swept the Geor- 
gia woodlands. Now the danger is 
present again. Forest products 
contribute millions annually to 
the state's economy. Thought- 
lessness, carelessness, and in 
some cases, malice each year 
take their toll despite the best 
efforts of the men who police the 
woods for the great destroyer-- 
f ire. 



Oust Q&ue/i 

Symbolizing the army of fire- 
fighters that girds for battle 
with wildfires as Georgia's 
fire season opens is veteran 
towerman E. W. Knight, who mans 
Troup County' s Crossroads Tower, 
Here Knight's eagle eye trains 
the alidade on a tell-tale smoke 
as he prepares to radio the bear- 
ing of the smoke to the dispatcher 
at forestry unit headquarters. A 
key man in the detection- suppress- 
ion organization, the skilled 
tower lookout stands on constant 
guard to send the fire crews into 
action. 



OCTOBER, 1 953 



"Operation Wildfire" 

Mobilization Plans Set 
For Fire Emergencies 



Final details of ' 'Operation 
Wildfire,' 1 the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission' s statewide forest 
fire emergency plan, have been 
completed, Guy ton DeLoach, Com- 
mission Director, announced, as 
he warned of the approach of the 
state's dangerous fall forest 
fire season. 

The director issued an appeal 
to all Georgians to exercise ' ' the 
utmost caution with cigarettes, 
matches and campfires in the 
state's woodlands'' during com- 
ing months. 

Peporting on completion of 
''Operation Wildfire,'' he said 
the need for such a plan was clear- 
ly indicated during a severe for- 
est fire ''blowup'' which covered 
several North Georgia Counties 
and resulted in the loss of 7 5,000 
acres of timberland. 

"Fortunately," he added, 
''that fire was fought with high 
efficiency and a minimum of wast- 
ed effort and confusion. Our 
plans, however, were mapped af- 
ter we first realized the serious- 
ness of the blowup. Fighting that 
fire showed us the necessity for 
a pre-determined plan for a quick 
changeover from a county-by-coun- 
ty method of attack to fighting 
fire on a regional, or even a 
statewide basis. 

''Operation Wildfire,'' how- 
ever, does begin with the County 



.manpower 



Forestry I 'nit as a basis, since, 
in the event of a forest fire emer- 
gency covering a large acreage, 
it is the county units, working 
as a coordinated team, which will 
provide the backbone of the at- 
tack. 

''For that reason,'' explained 
H. E. Fuark, Commission fire con- 
trol chief, who was largely re- 
sponsible for mapping out the e- 
mergency plan, ' 'each of Geor- 
gia's 132 county forestry units 
has its own wildfire emergency 
plan. 

''A typical county plan,'' he 
said, ''lists not only the county 
forestry unit's own personnel and. 
equipment, but names,, addresses, 
and availability of volunteer 
personnel and equipment. The 
plan contains a predetermined 
'fire camp' location and the 
names of persons who will man the 
fire camp- - volunteer cooks, e- 
mergency and volunteer paid labor- 
ers, medical aid personnel, and 
all other personnel who would be 
required should a forest fire gain 
emergency proportions in a county. ' 

Just as each county ranger has 
his own emergency plan for his 
own county, so does each district 
forester have an ''Operation Wild- 
fire' ' mapped out for his entire 
district. Availability of streams 
prevailing winds, type of terrain, 
forest types, and many other pieces 



equipment 




WHEN WILDFIRE STRIKES over wide 
areas, the Georgia Forestry 
Commission' s emergency forest 
fire plan will result in rapid 
mobilization and concentration 
of 

cf information vital to the fight- 
ing of a forest fire are contained 
in the district forester's records. 

With this information and with 
the information he has obtained 
through combining duplicate co- 
pies of his own county rangers' 
emergency plans, the district for- 
ester stands ready to combat any 
large fire in his area through 
''pulling'' of fire fighting ve- 
hicles, personnel, and even vol- 
unteer workers from areas with 
low fire danger ratings into e- 
mergency areas. 

' 'Operation Wildfire' ' goes one 
step further, however. Tn the of- 
fice of Fire Control Chief Fuark 
are copies of each of the 132 coun- 
ty forestry units' emergency plans 
and each of the 10 district for- 
esters' emergency plans. From 
(Continued on Page 10) 



operating facilities 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



PnifU *lot<U $2100 

Plans Announced For Association's 
Third Annual Keep Green Contest 



Plans for the Georgia Forestry 
Association's annual Keep Georgia 
Green contest were announced this 
month by B. M. Lufburrow, Asso- 
ciation Executive Secretary. 

For the third consecutive year, 
judges selected by the Associa- 
tion will name the Georgia county 
whose citizens have shown the 
greatest progress in forest fire 
prevention. 

The winning county will receive 
11,000. Second place winner will 
receive 1500; third place, 1300, 
and fourth place, $200. The Geor- 
gia Bankers Association will a- 
ward J 100 to the Banger of the win- 
ning county. 

Forest fire prevention activi- 
ties from July 1,1°53, through 
March, 1954, will be judged. 

Mr. Luf burrow reported a new 
feature of the 1953-54 contest is 
a county score sheet which judges 
will use to rate fire prevention 
activities of individual coun- 
ties. Thirty different items will 
be listed on the sheet. 



Hugh Dobbs, Association Pres- 
ident, issued an appeal for par- 
ticipation by all counties which 
are under the organized forest 
protection system of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, including 
new counties organized since July 
1. 

' 'Our first county Keep Green 
contest three years ago,'' he de- 
clared, " was in the nature of an 
experiment- -an experiment to de- 
termine the actual interest which 
Georgia citizens have in perpet- 
uating their most valuable agri- 
cultural resource. The success of 
that first contest quickly con- 
vinced us that Georgians are proud 
of their forestland resource, and 
that, under proper incentive, they 
will band together in a splendid 
spirit of community cooperation 
to insure that this resource is 
kept green and growing. 

The Association President said 
the two previous Keep Georgia 
Green contests have ' ' focused the 
attention of forestry groups 



throughout the entire nation on 
what we in Georgia are doing to 
prevent forest fires. ' ' 

''With Georgia occupying the 
leading position nationwide and 
southwide in so many forestry 
activities and fields, ' ' he added, 
' ' it is only fittingthat we should 
play a prominent role in public 
cooperation in forest fire pre- 
vention. 

Mr. Dobbs pointed out that the 
most well-trained, efficient, 
firefighting force in the state 
was of only limited use in a coun- 
ty in which the public was not 
forest fire prevention conscious. 

''The County Forestry Units of 
the Georgia ForestryCommission,' ' 
he said, ''today stand as a for- 
midable army to combat the flames 
of wildfire. Our concentration 
today is on preventing wildfires, 
even more than on fighting them, 
and it is here that counties which 
enlist in the current Keep Georgia 
Green contest can play an import - 
tant part. 




CONE SHED CONSTRUCTION- -Collecting pine cones and 
extracting their seeds for future plantings is one 
of the Georgia Forestry Commission's top projects 
this fall. Workmen, photo below, hurry to complete 
construction of extraction shed before the "cone 
season" begins. Forest Engineer N. E. Brooks, photo 
at left, makes a final adjustment in the movable 
belt which brings the cones from the shed to the 
extractor. 



t. 




OCTOBER, 1953 



132 GoiMttieA. 

New Unit 
Organized 
In Warren 



The establishment of a new for- 
estry unit in Warren County brings 
a total of 132 of Georgia's 159 
counties under the jurisdiction 
of the County Forestry Units of 
the Georgia Forestry Commission. 
Georgia now leads the nation in 
acres of protected forest land 
with more than 22,000,000 acres 
under fire protection. 

The new unit will be combined 
with the McDuffie County Forestry 
Unit. McDuffie' s 110,418 forest 
acres represent 66 percent of the 
county's entire area and Warren 
County's 113,418 forest acres 
cover 62 percent of its area. 

The two ajacent counties are 
located in the central- eastern 
portion of the state between 
Hancock and Columbia counties. 

' 'The Warren County Forestry 
Fnit equipment will consist of 
McDuffie County's present equip- 
ment plus a small plow unit com- 
posed of a truck and a John Deere 
tractor, a two-way F. M. radio 
system, and hand tools to be used 
in forest fire suppression, ' ' 

said James C. Turner, Tenth Dis- 
trict Forester. 

' 'McDuffie and Warren Counties 
will share finances on a S0-S0 ba- 
sis with the state providing two- 
thirds of the overall expenses and 
paying cost of building fire to- 
wers,'' Turner added. The total 
budget of the McDuffie -Warren 
Forestry Fnit will be $21, 403. 

Surveys are now under way to 
determine the locations of the 

ranger station and two firetower 
sites in Warren County. The two 
towers to be built, added to the 
two already in McDuffie County, 
will make a total of four fire- 
towers covering the entire Mc- 
Duf fie-Warren area. 



State Afwi4&uel *7a Jlllt 
SeedtUtad 9n November, 



The first of an estimated lOOmil- 
lion tree seedlings grown by the 
Commission s four nurseries will 
be lifted and shipped to land- 
owners sometime around November 
15, according to Guyton DeFoach, 
Director of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission. 

' 'The 100 million seedlings 
that are anticipated,'' the dir- 
rector declared, will be al- 

most twice as many as ever have 
been grown in any single year ai V 
will be a sufficient number to re- 
forest between Q0,000 and 100,000 
acres of land. 

The species and anticipated pro- 
duction of trees were outlined by 
DeFoach, as follows: 

Slash Fine, 65,846,750 seed- 
lings; Loblolly Pine, 25,310,000; 
longleaf, 783,500; Shortleaf, 50, 
000; Ped Cedar. 200,000; Arizona 
Cypress, 544,200; Yellow Poplar, 
IIP, 000; and several thousand 
White Pine. 



Davisboro Nursery, the Com- 
mission's largest, is again ex- 
pected to lead in production 
with approximately 29,850,000 
seedlings. Expected production 
for Herty Nursery is 24,848,250; 
Hightower Nursery, 20,130,000; 
and Horseshoe bend, 25,173,200. 

Commission officials declared 
that Georgia seems certain to con- 
tinue as the national leader in 
the planting of acres to forest 
trees with an a 11 time high re- 
cord for production of seedlings 
from the state nurseries. They 
also pointed out that seedlingpro- 
duction may be reduced by unfor- 
seen and unpredictable insect and 
disease attacks and other damaging 
factors. This danger exists, de- 
spite the fact that constant ef- 
forts are being exerted to limit 
to a minimum the loss of seedlings 
in the nurseries and to insure a 
large supply of seedlings for de- 
livery to landowners. 



HAY MCKAY AND HIS "SWINGBILLIES" JOIN FORCES with the Georgia 
Forestry Commission again this year in bringing forestry messages 
to thousands of Georgians. The "Swingbillies" with their folk, 
western, and popular music will be heard over more than 30 radio 
stations throughout the state. The musicians are (left to right) 
Harry Chumbler, bass fiddle; Ruel Parker, fiddle; "Junebug" Thomas, 
lead guitar; Ray McKay, emcee; Paul Lunsford, rhythm guitar; and 
Randy Jones, piano. 






Fifty Rangers 
Attend Athens 
Training School 



Fifty county rangers of the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission attended 
the Commission's two-day training 
session September 9-10 at the 
School of Forestry, t lit- University 
of Georgia, Athens. Attending 
the sessions were all newly-em- 
ployed County Forestry Bangers 
and those who had not attended pre- 
vious summer training sessions. 

In an address to the rangers at 
the opening day's session, Guyton 
DeLoach, Director of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, declared, 
''In earlier days, little else 
was required of a Georgia forest 
ranger that that he be a competent 
fire fighter. Today, however, as 
we make more and more progress in 
our battle to reduce the losses 
from wildfire, you rangers must 
concentrate on bringing an ef- 
fective over-all program of for- 
estry to your counties. Fighting 
forest fires in our state still is 
a big task-- and an important one- 
but an efficient forestry program 
recognizes the importance of well- 
managed woodlands and the impor- 
tance of trees as an agricultural 

f * 
crop. 

Outlining the purpose of the 
Ranger Training School , DeLoach 
said, ''Heads of our County For- 
estry Units must be more than 
firefighters. They must have a 
detailed knowledge of reforesta- 
tion, fire prevention, informa- 
and education methods, forest 
management, law enforcement, and 
must have a working knowledge of 
all vehicles ranging from small 

RANGER SCHOOL SCENES- -Bill 
Murray, of Milledgevil le, (top 
photo), Assistant District For- 
ester, District 6, gives some 
maintenance tips on tractors and 
fire plows. James Coad, of Wash- 
ington, (center photo), gives a 
lecture on tree identification. 
Someof the Ranger School sessions 
were held in the University of 
Georgia School of Forestry audi- 
torium, (bottom photo). 






^■'i'S^^ 



■r*4\ t 



MANAGEMENT, I. & E. PLAY VITAL ROLES- -The 
"learning by doing" plan was followed in many 
of the Ranger Training School courses. At left, 
0. L. Knott, of Atlanta, Assistant Chief, 
Information and Education, describes operation 
of a motion picture machine which rangers will 
operate in their counties. Upper right, rangers 
learn thinning and selective cutting by tallying 
individual trees that they would remove in a 
harvesting operation. 



jeeps to heavy duty tractor sup- 
pression units used in fire sup- 
pression . ' ' 

The rangers were given instruc- 
tions in the newest methods of for- 
est fire fighting and prevention, 
forest management and preventa<- 
tive maintenance of equipment. 



Training topics included admin- 
istration, fire prevention and sup- 
pression, reforestation, forest 
management and information and 
education, including press, radio, 
visual aids and demonstrations. 

The two- day school was followed 
by a series of one- day training 



sessions held in each of the ten 
forestry districts in Georgia. 
Instructors for these short ses- 
sions were James C. Turner, Tenth 
District Forester; W. N. Stone, 
First District Forester; andL. L. 
Lundy, Assistant Fire Control 
chief. 



SCHOOL DAYS FOR RANGERS- -Rangers representing 50 
Georgia counties attended. They include, (bottom left 
photo) M. tt. Page, of Seminole County, (left) and 
Frank Campbell, of Catoosa County. With a crop of 
100,000,000 seedlings slated to be planted in Georgia 
during the next few months, three rangers (right photo) 
study thoroughly all phases of reforestation courses. 
The group inspecting the tree planter includes W. H. 
Oawkins, of Lincoln County; J. E. Vickers, of Irwin 
County, and Cy Perkins, of Clay County. 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Central Georgia Survey 



Central Georgia's forest area 
increased more than one million 
acres from 1936 to 1 Q 52 according 
to ' 'ForestStatistics for Central 
Georgia'', a survey recently re- 
leased by the V. S. Fepartment of 
Agriculture Forest Service. 

The 4° counties in Central Geor- 
gia extending diagonally across 
the state from Harris, Muscogee , 
Chattahoochee, Stewart, Quitman, 
and Clay counties to Lincoln, Col- 
umbia, Richmond, and Purke coun- 
ties contain a gross land area of 
10.5 million acres. Sixty- four 
percent of this gross land area is 
now occupied by forests. The area 
of commercial forestland has in- 
creased 2^ percent during the six- 
teen-year period from 1°36 to 
195?. Central Ceorgia now has 
6. 7 million acres of forest land 
as compared to 5.6 mil ] ion in 1°36. 
A corresponding reduction oc- 
curred in the acreage of crop and 
pasture land, indicating that the 
major shift in land use was from 
agriculture to forest. 



Forestland is predominantly in 
private farm ownership. Publicly- 
owned forests account for only 
five percent of the total, with 
most of this acreage in military 
reservations and the Clark Pill 
Tarn project. About three- fourths 
of the forestland is on farms, and 
]Q percent is owned or operated 
by other private individuals and 
corporations. 

The survey shows that hardwood 
forest types have gained in area. 
Since ] Q 36, hardwood forest types 
in Central Georgia increased from 
1. 3 million to ?. 3 million acres, 
a gain of "7 percent in area. Tur- 
ing the same period the more im- 
portant pine types show a relative- 
ly small increase of 64 thousand 
acres. Cutting practices which 
remove the preferred pine species 
from the stands, leaving the less 
desirable hardwoods to occupy the 
site and serve as a source of seed 
account for the increase in the 
area of hardwood types. 



BRUSH CUTTER HELPS REFORESTATION --This giant machine is used 
experimentally by the Georgia Forestry Commission to clear lands of 
scrub oaks, black gum and other cull hardwoods and prepare the area 
for reforestation. The objective is to bring many acres of Georgia 
land once considered useless into commercial forest production. 




Lumber Firms 
Plant 6,813,300 
Trees In State 

Georgia lumber industry made a 

substantial contribution'' to- 
ward an all-time reforestation 
record achieved by the southern 
lumber industry during the 1°52- 
' 53 planting season, the Southern 
Pine Association reported this 
month 

The southern lumber industry 
planted 65,907,000 seedlings dur- 
ing the l°52-'53 season. Ceorgia 
lumber firms' share of this total 
consisted of 6, P 13, 300 seedlings 
planted on company lands. A total 
of 6,' T 4 Q ,000 of this number were 
purchased from Georgia Forestry 
Commission nurseries. 

Throughout the South, more than 
68,000 acres of lumber company 
lands were planted during the past 
season. The survey covered a 12 
state area. 



''Forest Statistics'' states 
that small trees have increased, 
but the large have decreased. Sap- 
lings and smallertrees through the 
10-inch and larger diameter clas- 
ses. The net effect of these 
changes has been a reduction in 
the number of pine and soft-tex- 
tured hardwood trees of sawtimber 
size. Seventy percent of the for- 
est area is now in either seed- 
ling and sapling or pole-size 
stands and only 25 percent of the 
area supports stands of sawtim- 
ber. 

The volume of sawtimber in Cen- 
tral Georgia decreased sharply 
from 13.3 billion board feet in 
1Q36 to °.2 billion in 1952, a 
loss of 31 percent. This loss 
was recorded despite a large in- 
crease in forest area and was 
explained by the fact that much 
of the land which has recently re- 
verted to forests supports only 
stands of seedlings and saplings 
which, as yet, contain no saw- 
timber volume. Pine species make 
up more than half the present saw- 
timber volume with Foblolly being 
the most prevalent single species. 
Pardwood trees contain 46 percent 
of the board- foot volume, the most 
important being blackgum and 
sweet gum. 



OCTOBER, 1953 



Rangers in The News 



Assistant District Forester 
Frank Craven and Seventh District 
Forest Bangers are making weekly 
television appearances on Price 
Selby's ''Fin and Feather Club') 
a Monday evening feature telecast. 
''The Fin and Feather Club'' is a 
30 minute program dedicated to 
hunting, fishing, and outdoor 
life. 

The program originates from 
Station WHOM in Home, Georgia. 



In his portion of the program, 
Mr. Craven and Mr. Selby, with the 
help of Seventh District Rangers, 
explain to viewers fire suppression 
and prevention activities by show- 
ing the uses of the dispatcher's 
map, two way radio, and fire 
fighting equipment. He emphasizes 
proper planting methods by sand 
box demonstrations and he stresses 
forest fire prevention by using 
pictures and slides. 

Snokey Bear' ' in person- -live 
and playful, but safely caged was 
Craven's special guest on a re- 
cent program. 



Muscogee County Hanger Floyd 
Cook has made long range plans 
for construction of a forestry 
camp and experiment farm in Mus- 
cogee County. 

Mr. Cook has negotiated for 20 
acres of land on which he hopes to 
to build a large T- shape building 
to serve as a camp center for 4-B 
members, Scouts, and other organ- 
izations. He presently is seeking 
aid of Muscogee County lumber and 
construction companies for his 
p ro j ec t . 




George Gay, Mitchell County 
forest Hanger, has promoted an 
in dus tri al - pi an tin g program 
whereby wood-using industries 
are purchasing pine seedlings 
and distributing them free in 
limited quantities to landowners 
in Mitchell County. Pulpwood, 
sawtimber and pole operators are 
all participating in behalf of 
this project. 



NEW HEADQUARTERS- -Wayne County Ranger Bill Morris stands at the 
entrance of his newly erected County Forestry Unit headquarters. 
The structure includes a ranger' s office, conference room, and 
storage and communication facilities. The building is located on 
L. S. Highway 341 between Baxley and Jesup. 




Barber To Head 
Fifth District 





i \ 



Turner F. Barber, jr. 



Turner F. Barber, Jr., who has 
been serving as AssistantDistric t 
Forester in Charge of Management 
in the Third District, Americus, 
has been named Fifth District For- 
ester with headquarters at McPae. 

Barber, a native of Macon, first 
began his forestry work as a Ban- 
ger in Cougherty County in July, 
1°49. In l°^0 f he went to his post 
in Americus. He is a graduate of 
the George Foster Peabody School 
of Forestry of the University of 
Georgia. 

Barber succeeds Miles S. Roger, 
who resigned to enter the business 
field. 

In commenting on the appoint- 
ment of Barber, Commission Dir- 
ector Guyton DeLoach expressed 
regret at losing the services of 
Koger, but stated that he was glad 
to be able to fill the position 
with a man of Barber's high abi- 
lity and extensive experience. 

"Barber, " said DeLoach, "enters 
his new job with a commendable 
record with the Georgia Forestry 
Commission, and we can assure the 
citizens of District 5 counties 
that they have at their service a 
highly-qual i fied, competent man." 






GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Current Literature Available To Public 



The importance of ''thinking 
before acting'' is stressed in 
current literature available to 
foresters, educators, and all in- 
terested in forestry, whether 
the actor be a timber owner de- 
siring to sell his wood products, 
a student choosing a career, or a 
sawmill operator planning to har- 
vest a tract of timber. 

The U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture has issued a number of 
publications designed for educa- 
tors. 

''Materials To Help Teach For- 
est Conservation ' describes 
materials forCurriculumFuilding; 
Aud io-Vi sua 1 Aid s , i nc ludingTrans - 
criptions, Maps, Films, Posters 
and Charts; Fulletins; Pookmarks; 
Tree Description Sheets; Teach- 
ing Outlines; and Prief Pamph- 
lets especially helpful to teach- 
ers and easily understandable by 
students. Requests for the con- 
servation bibliography should 
be addressed to Regional Forester, 
U. S. Forest Service, 50 Seventh 
St. N. E. , Atlanta 5, Georgia. 

The development of forest con- 
servation in this country from 
the days when the first colonists 
landed on America' s fores ted shores 
to the present is traced in a 24 
page booklet prepared by the For- 
est Service titled ' 'Highlights 
In the History of Forest Conser- 
vation' ' . A copy of the book- 



let, Information Pulletin P3, is 
available for 15 cents from the 
Superintendent of Documents, Gov- 
ernment Printing Office, Wash- 
ington 25, D. C. 

'' Is Forestry My Career " will 
answer many questions for students 
seeking guidance in choosing a 
career. The brochure, designed to 
attract high school seniors to 
the career of forestry, is avail- 
able at 14 cents per copy from 
the Southern Regional Education 
Foard, Committee on the Regional 
Education Poard, Committee on the 
Regional Program in Forestry Ed- 
ucation and Pesearch, 630 West 
Peachtree Street, Atlanta. 

Many publications have been 
recently released to aid both the 
timber owner and operator. 

The Southeastern Forest Experi- 
ment Station, Asheville, North 
Carolina, has revealed the results 
of a study of three 40-acre timber 
tracts near Macon, Georgia, point- 
ing out that a tree farmer by work- 
ing only two to four hours per a- 
cre each year may double his an- 
nual gross income. ' 'Managing 
Southern Piedmont Farm Woodlands 
Pays Dividends," byT. A. McClay, 
indicates that returns were from 
£2.75 to £^. 25 per acre, and the 
stands were improved over a four- 
year period by carefully pre-plan- 
ning management methods on the 
tracts. 



FAIR SEASON UNDER WAY- -Fall means fair season in Georgia, and one 
of the earliest fairs at which Georgia Forestry Commission material 
was displayed was in Polk County. The exhibit featured a panel 
display highlighting fire prevention and forest management. Smokey 
Bear ushered the onlookers into the exhibit booth. 




Suggestions for Pruning Sou- 
thern Pines ' are presented in 
leaflet number 35 issued by the 
Alabama Poletecnic Institute, 
Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Auburn, Alabama. 

Occasional Paper 125 of the 
Southern Forest Experiment Sta- 
tion, New Orleans , Louisiana, pre- 
sents guides for use in deciding 
when to cut southern upland hard- 
woods, discusses southern red 
oaks, white oaks, and yellow-pop- 
lar, and the chief products into 
which these species are cut, ex- 
cept for tight cooperage bolts 
and face veneer logs. A method of 
determining when a tree is finan- 
cially mature, is presented and 
the booklet concludes with a set 
of simple marking guides that can 
be used in the woods. 

'The Ise of Sawdust for Mulches 
and Soil Improvement,'' Circular 
Number 1°T, reviews in some de- 
tail benefits and techniques as 
well as problems in using sawdust 
as a mulch, and in place of manure 
as condtional. Such usages are a 
promising outlet for excess saw- 
dust, the FSDA circular points 
out. 

1 'Forest Magic' ' by Donald J. 
Hardenbrook, vice president of 
Union Pag and Paper Corporation, 
is a 24-page booklet dealing with 
the story of man's utilization of 
the forest resources and the econo 
mic influences of the expanding 
pulp and paper industry in Amer- 
ican economy. 

Another publication available 
from the Superintendent of Po- 
cuments, for 20 cents, will aid 
small timber owners in computing 
Federal Income Tax. The material 
is written in non- technical lang- 
uage and was prepared by the For- 
est Service for the timber owner 
and those who may advise him on 
his tax problems. The 55-page hand- 
book describes the ordinary in- 
come and capital gains methods of 
reporting receipts from sales of 
timber and forest products. At- 
tention is given to income tax 
treatment of timber losses from 
(Continued on Page 10) 



OCTOBER, 1953 



10 



Mobilization--- 

(Continued from. Page 2) 

this information, the Commission 
official has an over-ali state- 
wide emergency plan. 

Basic details of the plan are 
the same as those which are con- 
tained in the counties' plans - - 
except they are on a statewide 
basis. locations of fire camps 
cannot be pre-determined, since 
none knows where a large regional 
fire would begin, but the county 
and the district plans would in 
nearly every case provide this 
information. In addition, the 
statewide plan sets in motion 
what is known in army terminology 
as an "S. 0. P." --Standard 0- 
perating Procedure in case a 
blowup should occur in the state. 

Should a forest fire assume 
such proportions that the fire 
fighting forces of an entire dis- 
trict would be unable to cope with 
it, the statewide ''Operation 
Wildfire'' is put into effect. 

The director emphasized that 
the plan was more than an emer- 
gency setup. 

''One of our main purposes,'' 
he said, ''is to prevent a forest 
fire emergency occuring in the 
first place. This will be made 
possible through the fact that 
the plan calls for detailed in- 
structions on relaying- - from 
county to district and from dis- 
trict to Atlanta headquarters- - 
the first indication that forest 
fires are reaching an emergency 
stage in any area and that out-of- 
county or out-of-district aid 
might be needed. 

[Continued from Page 9) 

fire or other casualty and to the 
treatment of the costs of forest 
ownership and operation. Includ- 
ed are questions and answers, sam- 
ple problems and a list of the 
estimated useful lives and de- 
preciation rates for logging, 
sawmill and agricultural machinery 
and equipment as compiled by the 
U. S. Treasury Department. The 
booklet points out that, ' 'many,, 
if not most, small forest- land 
owners now pay more in income 
taxes on timber sold or harvested 



FIRE WARDEN 



REPORT FIRES 



HERE 



VOLUNTEER FIRE WARDENS HANG OUT THEIR SHINGLES- -These eye-catching 
red-and-white signs will mark residences and businesses of volunteer 
fire wardens throughout Georgia. Designation of the volunteer 
wardens and use of the signs will provide for more rapid reporting 
of fires, particularly in inaccessible areas and on days of bad 
visibility from towers. 



than the law requires, and such 
overpayment detracts from the eco- 
mic incentive to practice fores- 
try.' ' 

Several booklets available from 
the Tennessee Valley Authority, 
Norris, Tennessee, deal particu- 
larly with sawmilling and logging. 
'Logging Facts for Sawmill 0- 
perators analyze and answers these 
questions: Do I have the Right 
Logging Equipment 7 , What Size 
Trees Should I Cut 7 , What Are My 
Logging Costs 7 , and How Can I Re- 
duce Them 7 . Accompanying each 
section is a rating sheet, chart 
or analysis form, for use by the 
operator in obtaining a clear pic- 
ture of whether or not his equip- 
ment and methods are practicable 
and profitable, and what steps 
can be taken for improvement. 

"Effects of Log Size and Grade 
on Production Rate and Lumber 
Grade in Shortleaf Pine,' ' covers 
a study of sawing pine logs on a 
circular sawmill to compare pro- 
duction rate and lumber grade, 
yield from different sizes and 
grades of logs, and to check Inter- 
national Quarter Inch Log Rule a- 
gainst mill tally. Cutting large 



logs (10 to 11 inches) increased 
production by 68 percent over 
small log runs (6.4 inch average 
diameter} 

''Sawmill Facts ' relates in- 
formation collectel during a stu- 
dy of 5R circular sawmills in the 
Valley, It shows the importance 
of right equipment, right number 
of men, how log size affects pro- 
duction rate and how increased 
operating time adds to profit. 



Another study of 15 logging o- 
perations in the Tennessee Valley 
is the basis for ''Hardwood Log- 
ging Costs in the Tennessee Valley , 
Technical Note 16, showing that 
the chain saw is about twice as 
effective in felling and bucking 
as the cross-cut saw. Loading and 
hauling by various methods are al- 
so compared. At current wage rates, 
the following rule of thumb indi- 
cates the approximate effect of 
tree diameter on logging costs: 
Logging costs decrease one dollar 
per thousand board feet with each 
increase of one inch in tree dia- 
meter breast height. 




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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Editorial 

Fire Prevention Is Paying Off 



'Prom the Gainesvi 
(The following report from coun- 
ty fire prevention and forest fire 
protection headquarters makes 
good sense to us. No wonder lie 
men in the outfit can write v. i 1 1 
such pride in their jobs. Here's 
the report as we received it: ) 

Hall Countians, and Georgians 
throughout the state, can take 
pride in another ''Forestry 
First'' that Georgia has scored 
in leading the Eastern United 
States in the production of lum- 
ber as revealed by the latest 
survey on figures just released 
by the Bureau of Census, U. S. 
Department of Commerce, which 
show that during 1951, the latest 
year for which figures are avail- 
able, Georgia' s output of lumber 
reached 1 , 117, 193,000 board feet, 
of this total 1,729, 7P5 board 
feet were softwood-principally 
the valuable, fast growing pines 
which cover thousands of acres 
here in Hall County and millions 
of acres throughout the state. 



lie Daily News) 

Clyde T. Cantrell, Jr. , Hall 
County Forest Fanger, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, emphasized 
the fact that this record in lum- 
ber production shows again the 
substantial payoff from Forestry 
here in our county. 

These figures show conclusively 
that the money we are expending 
here in Hall County for forest 
fire protection represents a 
good, sound investment, and not 
merely an expense. Our fire sup- 
pression equipment includes o ntv. 
transport truck and crawler trac- 
tor with plow, which is used for 
making fire-breaks in suppressing 
Forest Fires, a pick-up truck with 
slip on water pump and tank which 
can be used for protecting build- 
ings, suppressing grass fires, 
etc. , and one Jeep with water 
pump and tank for cooling down 
fires, and holding fire break- 
overs. We have two 80- foot all- 
steel lookout towers used for 
detecting fires. 



Vol. 6 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

November, 1953 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DcLoach, Director 



No. 11 



Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn ... Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo H. 0. Cummings ... . Donalsonville 



Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 

Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

^ % % % 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 



DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

Statesboro 
DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

Camilla 
DISTRICT III— P. O. Box 169, 

Americus 
DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

Newnan 
DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, 

McRae 



DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Milledgeville 
DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

Waycross 
DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

Washington 



Plastd Bet 
Qai 2uick 
Qite Attacki 

(From the Savannah Press) 
Time, of course, is of the es- 
sence in fighting fires, and rec- 
ognizingthis the Georgia Forestry 
Commission has readied a ' 'mobil- 
ization ' ' plan for organizing a 
quick attack against any threat of 
widespread forest fire devas- 
tation like that of last fall . 

The Comnission has disclosed it 
is setting up base camps to organ- 
ize volunteer groups quickly when 
needed to help regular firefight- 
ers and is clearing red tape in ad- 
vance for quickhelp by the Nation- 
al Cuard. 

The Commission reported that 
during one week of last November 
fires swept over 75,000 acres of 
mountainous timberland in two big 
North Georgia fires that finally 
were put out with help of the 
guardsmen, but an entire day was 
required to clear ''red tajie'' 
necessary to get guard units in 
action. 

The mobilization plan is being 
set up at county and district ;-s 
well as at the state level. Base 
c imps are being equippied with kit- 
chens, first aid stations, and 
communications equipment as well 
as fire fighting tools. 



&wi G&u&i 



When the forest puts on its 
gaudiest dress of rainbow colors 
and the leaves tumble earthward, 
Georgia sportsmen turn again to 
match wits with the wily deer 
and rabbit, quail and duck, 
grouse and turkey. Here in the 
protected and wisely managed 
forest -green, growing and well- 
stocked- are bountiful game, 
good hunting, good sport. U.S. 
Forest Service Photo. 



NOVEMBER, 1953 



Qlucaaa AleoU! 

Wilkinson, Brown Win 
4-H Forestry Honors 



Georgia's 4-H forestry cham- 
pions for 1953are Fred Wilkinson, 
Iowndes County, and Gladys Brown , 
Hancock County. 

The youthful champions emerged 
victorious from a field of ten top 
contenders who vied for state ho- 
nors at the 4-H Congress held in 
October, and won the riglit locarry 
Georgia's colors in tlie national 
competitions scheduled i'oi Chic a,gc 
in November. 

Miss Brown' s prize winning pre- 
sentatjcn was on ' 'The Pollira- 
tion and Growth of Trees. ' ' Wil- 
kinson displayed championship 
form in his naval stores demon- 
stration on the ''Use of Up-to- 
| Bate Methods to Improve Cum 
Yields. " 

Both Wilkinson and Miss Brown 
Kwill go the rational competitions 
ii Chicago as guests of Southern 
Bell Telephone and Telegraph Com- 
pany, sponsors of the 4-H forestry 
program in Georgia. Wilkinson 
wil 1 compete with other state win- 
ners from throughout the United 
States for the national forestry 
championship and the ^300 fores- 

TOWER DESCRIBED- -Joyce Venable, 
of Jackson County, shows 4-H 
forestry contest judges how her 
county' s woodlands are protected 
by forest fire lookout towers. 




try school scholarship awarded an- 
nual ly by American Forest Pro- 
ducts Industries, Inc. Although 
ineligible to compete for national 
honors, Miss Brown will be present 
in Chicago to speak for the dis- 
taff side and evidence the inter- 
est in forestry among the women of 
Georgia. 

Otl er top contenders in the At- 
lanta competitions - all district 
forestry champions - were Jean 
Cainous, Grady County, who por- 
trayed methods of ''Protecting 
the Farm Woodland; ' ' Joyce Venable, 
on ' 'Fire Protection' ' in her na- 
tive Jackson County; Marianne 
Cillis, Treutlen County, ''The 
Improvement of Pine Hardwood Stands 
by Eradication of Hardwoods Chem- 
ically; ' ' Carl Walker, Richmond 
County, ''lifting and SettingPine 
Seedlings; ' Jon I iles, Camden 
County, ''Prescribed Miming;'' 
Eilly powen, ''The Chemical Con- 
trol of Undesirable Trees; '' from 
Sumter County; Janis McCiary, 
Worth County, ''The Planting of 
Seedlings, " James Emberson , Jr. 
Catoosa, ' 'How to Care For and 
Plant Pine Seedlings, '' and Bar- 
bara Jones, Upson County, ' 'How 
to Care For and Plant Pine Seed- 
lings. 

Winners in the statewide com- 
petitions were selected on the 
basis of both past performance in 
forestry projects and accomplish- 
ments and on the demonstrations 
presented. Judges included D. J. 
Weddell, Dean, Georgia School of 
Forestry; James F. Spiers, For- 
ester, Central of Georgia Rail- 
road; Howard J. Doyle, Area For- 
ester. Southern Pulpwood Conser- 
ve ion Association; and W. J. 
Parker, Extension Forester of 
South Carolina. Directing the 
day-long session of demonstra- 
tions were C. Dorsey Dyer, Ex- 
tension Forester, and Nelson 
Brightwell, Assistant Extension 
Forester. 




GEORGIA' S 4-H FORESTRY CHAMPS- 
Ered Wilkinson, top photo, of 
Lowndes County, 1953 4-H forestry 
champion of Georgia will vie for 
national honors at the 4-H For- 
estry Congress in Chicago in No- 
vember. (Hiss Gladys Brown, state 
winner in the girls' division, 
bottom photo, also will attend 
the Chicago meeting. 







H 




SMOKEY MEETS THE GOVERNOR- -A toy replica of Smokey, the fire 
preventing bear, is presented Governor Talmadge by State Forester 
Guy ton DeLoach, left, and Charles A. Connaughton, regional forester, 
southern region, ll. S. Forest Service. The bear is the symbol of 
the Cooperative Forest Fire Prevention program in which state and 
federal forest organizations, private business and industry join 
forces to reduce forest fire incidence in the nation. 

"Keep Green" Contest 
Officially Under Way 



' 'The most spirited competition 
since our Keep Georgia Green con- 
test began three years ago, was 
predicted this month byHughDobbs, 
President of the Georgia Forestry 
Association, as he reported the 
1953-54 contest was officially 
under way. The deadline for en- 
try in the contest was midnight, 
October 31. 

For the tlird consecutive year, 
judges selected by the Association 
t re determining the Georgia county 
in which citizens have shown the 
greatest progress in forest fire 
prevention. 

All counties under the organized 
forest protection system of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, in- 
cluding new counties organized 
since July 1, were eligible to 
compete. Forest fire prevention 
activities from July 1, 1953, 
through March, 1954, will be jud- 
ged. 

B. M. Lufburrow, Association 



Executive Secretary announced 
that the winning county will re- 
ceive $1000. Second place win- 
ner will receive $500; third place 
$300; and fourth place, $200. 
The Georgia Pankers Association 
will award $100 to the ranger of 
the winning county. Winners will 
be announced at the Georgia For- 
estry Association's annual meet- 
ing to be held in May, 1954. 

' 'Much emphasis, ' ' said Mr. 
Lufburrow, "will be placed on 
initiative and originality.'' 
He said a new feature of the 1953 
-54 contest is a county score 
sheet which judges will use to 
rate fire prevention activities 
of individual counties. Thirty 
different items will be listed. 

Mr. Dobbs pointed out that e- 
very county will be a winner to a 
degree by saying, "Even though 
a county may not win one of the 
cash prizes, it will have lost 

(Continued on Page 10) 



rf-aialtlM 



a*mc 



Book 



6$ P*eU 



International Paper Company's 
newest comic forestry booklet en- 
titled ' 'How Does The Tree Crop 
Grow 9 '' has just, been published 
and is being distributed to all 
sixth, seventh, and eighth grade 
school students throughout Geor- 
gia and other southern states. 



:mmmA 




1 v 'P " 



IMLSl 



The latest booklet is the fifth 
in a series being presented an- 
nually by International Paper. 
Previous editions were ' 'How Money 
Goes I'p in Smoke, " "how Money 
Grows On Trees,'' ''The Crop 
That Did Not Fail," and "The 
Little Trees That Went To School. 

Distribution of the booklets in 
Georgia is being made by County 
Bangers in counties operating 
forestry units, while in unpro- 
tected counties various county 
school superintendents are hand- 
ling distribution. 

Attractively presented, the 
comic book tells the story of 
tree farming all the way frar 
planting of seedlings to use of 
timber in a paper mill and fea- 
tures the educational activities 
of the south 's pulp industry ir 
sponsoring boys' forestry camps 
for farm youths. The booklet co- 
vers such topics as ref crestatior 
thinning, use of fire-fighting 
equipment, and tree identifica- 
tion. 



NOVEMBER, 1953 



Tree Farm Awards 
Highlight Dedication 

Of FFA School Forest 



An impressive ceremony marked 
the formal dedication of the Mount 
Vernon-Ailey FFA School Forest 
near Mt. Vernon recently. 

The 10-ccre forest, one of a 
chain being placed in operation 
cooperatively by Georgia Future 
Farmers of America Chapters and 
Union Bag and Paper Corporation, 
Savannah, has been established 
on land donated by D. A. McRae, 
Sr., outstanding landowner and 
civic leader of Montgomery County. 
The forest is located on the Mt. 
Vernon-Glenwood highway near the 
Oconee River. The area will be 
managed by the FFA members for 
maximum production of forest pro- 
duction of forest products, with 
assistance of the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission and the Union Bag 
and Paper Corporation. 

An added highlight of the after- 
noon program was the awarding 



of Georgia Tree Farm certi ficates 
to five southeast Georgia Forest 
owners. Honored as certified Tree 
Farmers were J. B. O'Connor, Fib- 
bee, Chairman, Montgomery County 
Commissioners, 5,000 acres; P. R. 
Walker, Mt. Vernon, Chairman, 
Montgomery County Forestry Board, 
2,466 acres; Mrs. Greta Rice Ca] - 
Ian, Laurens County, 850 acres; 
Arthur G. Steed ly, Dodge County, 
770 acres, and M. M. Smith 6,000 
acres in Telfair and Dodge count- 
ies. W. H McComb Assistant Di- 
rector in Management, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, made the 
Tree Farm Awards. 

H. E. Ruark, Assistant Director 
in Charge of Fire Control , Geor- 
gia ForestryCommission, delivered 
the feature address of the after- 
noon. Ruark outlined the ''signal 
progress being made in forestry ii 
the state'' and emphasized that 



SCHOOL FOREST DEDICATION--The group which participated in the 
recent dedication of the Mount Vernon-Ailey FFA School Forest near 
Mt. Vernon included, left to right, Montgomery County Ranger 
J. Carl Adams; Billy Pullen, Treasurer, Mount Vernon-Ailey FFA 
Chapter; Ray Mitchell, Secretary, FFA Chapter; Rod Carpenter, Vice 
President, FFA Chapter; Lewis Davis, President, FFA Chapter; H. E. 
Ruark, Fire Control Chief, Georgia Forestry Commission; Sam Lyle, 
Union Bag and Paper; and II. A. Moses, Vocational Agriculture teacher. 







i t 



IBRPTTrrgMy 



MT. VERNON-AILEY FFA 
SCHOOL FOREST 

1 SPONSORED BY 






PROUD TREE FARMERS- -Arthur G. 
Steedley, left, of Dodge County, 
and J. B. O'Connor, of Montgomery 
County, righf., receive Tree Farm 
certificates from W. H. McComb, 
Assistant Director in Charge of 
Management, Georgia Forestry 
Commission. Mr. O'Connor 
operates a 5,000 acre Tree Farm, 
and Mr. Steedley' s Tree Farm 
covers 770 acres. 

' 'the yearly turnover from fores- 
try in the state exceeds $600 mil- 
lion - approximately one- fifth of 
the entire economy of Georgia.'' 
He cited the fact also that ' 'with 
the awarding of tree farm certifi- 
cates today, more than ten per- 
cent of the entire land area of 
Montgonery County will be in cer- 
tified Tree Farms. ' ' 

Participating in the program 
also were James Stacy, P. M. A. , 
Montgomery County who served as 
Master of ceremonies and welcomed 
the gathering; Paul Calhoun, Mont- 
gomery County School Superinten- 
dent, Turner Barber, Fifth Dis- 
trict Forester, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, McRae; J. Carl Adams, 
Ranger, Montgonery County Fores- 
try Unit; Sam Lyle, Conservation 
Forester, Union Bag and Paper, 
and Henry Arthur Moses, Vocation- 
al Agriculture Teacher. 




v.— '' >■■ 



1. Cone picking calls lor a good eye and ability to select sound 
tree limbs for support. 

2. Collecting crew gathers cones which have been knocked to the 
ground by pickers. 

3. Cones are loaded on a pickup truck wnicn will transport them to 
a collection station. 

6. A movable belt carries seeds out of the shed. 

7. Eorest Engineer N. E. Brooks watches as cones are rolled out of 
the shed. 




Cone Col 



The 1954-55 tree plantingse 
wil] riot be upon us for net 
another year, but the success 
the season can be attributec 
the thousands of Georgians 
have been participating in 
annual "cone collecting timer 

The Georgia Forestry Comm: 
ion for the second consecut 
year announced it was pure! 
ing cones from the public 
use in its vast reforestat 
projects. County Forestry I 
offices served as "colJeC: 
points',' and the cones wei 
forwarded to cone process): 















ing Time 



idquarters from the collection 

nts via large Commission 

iisport trucks. 

Jcouts, 4-H and FFA groups, 
ic organizations, private 

lizen s, and as shown in 
se pictures, County Forestry 
t crews, gathered cones. 
/ of the seedlings from 
£s which were collected this 

; son will be merchantable 

r jer less than 15 years from 

lash, Loblolly, and Short- 
pine cones were collected 
:he Commission this year. 




4. Transported to Macon (the Georgia Forestry Commission al-so 
operates a cone shed at Baxley), the cones are placed in storage 
bins. Asst. Forest Engineer Mac 0' Barr checks thermometer to 
assure constant 85 degree temperature. 

5. When cones are ripe the winged seeds can be shaken out easily, 
and are pulled to the floor of the storage shed. 

8. Conveyor carries cones to seed extractor. 

9. By time cones have gone through the extractor, the seeds have 
been shaken loose. 

10. David Groom, of Mi 1 ledgevi 1 le, Sixth District Forester, 
watches seeds as movable belt takes them from extraction machine. 





5. Georgia State Fair at Macon. 

6. Walton County Ranger W. D. 



Palmer Shows "Lookout Tower." 

9. Haralson- Carroll Fair. 

10. Tower at Evans- Tattnall Fair. 




County Forest 
Seen In Fain 



Exhibits of County Forestry U- 
nits of the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission each year draw favorable 
comment from those who visit the 
dozens of county fairs held dur- 
ing the fall months. 

With more counties under or- 
^cnized forest protection than at 
any time in its history, the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission was 
able to bring, through the medium 
of fair exhibits, its message of 
good forestry to thousands of 
citizens throughout the state. 

Each exhibit followed the same 




8. Elbert County Ranger Albert Mooney Gives Forestry Information. 



tiit Exhibits 
rroughout State 



general theme of citing the value 
of Georgia's forests to all its 
citizens, but a variety of color- 
ful methods and ideas were follow- 
ed in presenting that theme. Smo- 
key the Pear appeared at several 
fairs, both ''in person'' and in 
giant cardboard cutout form. 

In other fairs, rangers set up 
their dispatching stations at the 
fair grounds, showing the public 
the initial steps in forest fire 
suppression. Others built life- 
size models of forest fire look- 
outs towers; while many units 
showed burned and unburned areas. 



11. Chattooga Exhibit Features 
'Prayer of the Woods." 



12. Chattooga Ranger J. 
Advises on Wildfire. 



White 




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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Rangers In The News 



Pavid Groom, Sixth District 
Forester, Kermit Felker, Assis- 
tant Tistrict Forester, Bill Mur- 
ray, Management Forester, and 
County Hungers of District 6 are 
making television appearances on 
Station WMAZ- TV' in Macon, in a 
series of fiteeen minute programs. 

Croom, Felker, and Murray, with 
the help of the Sixth District 
Pangers, demonstrate fire sup- 
pression and prevention activi- 
ties to viewers by showing the 
uses of the dispatcher's map, two- 
way radio, and fire fighting e- 
quipment. They emphasize proper 
planting methods by sandbox d> ron- 
strations and stress forest fire 
prevention by using pictures and 
slides. 





CONTEST LAUNCHING- -Members of the Keep Dodge County Green council 
launch their third annual participation in the Keep Georgia Green 
contest with a special banquet at Eastman. Podge County captured 
first place in the 1951-52 contest and finished among the top 12 
last year. Plans were made at the banquet to carry out the largest 
educational drive of its kind yet attempted in the county in a 
dual attempt to prevent wildfires and to win first place. 



THOUSANDS VIEWED this Gordon County Forestry Unit float in the 
First Gordon County Recreational Festival which was held to promote 
industrial, business, and resource development in the county. 
J. C. McDearis, Gordon County Ranger, designed and constructed the 
eye-catching float. 





Cobb Comity Banger T. L. Holmes 
credits a faithful 1 ittle dog with 
saving the life of its master, 
Frank Wase, a 60 year old man who 
fell unconcious as t lie result of 
; light stroke while battling a 
woods fire that was threatening 
hi. 1 - hone. 

Flames were licking at Wade's 
feet when the little dog attracted 
the attention of Banger Holmes, 
who was plowing a fire breal ;;- 
round the blaze. The dog ran from 
the fire to Holmes and back to his 
master. Following the dog, Banger 
Holmes dragged the man to safety 
and revived him. 

' 'Three more minutes would have 
been too late, ' ' Holmes said. 



Gamttud4AOrt 
Jfaae Qaad 

Georgia' Forestry Commission 
vehicles traveled 4,500,000 miles 
in a single year and recorded on- 
ly 11 accidents in which Commis- 
sion personnel were directly at 
fault. 

L. L. Lundy, Assistant Fire 
Control Chief, Georgia Forestry 
Commission made that report to- 
day as he pointed out the fores- 
try organization's accident re- 
cord per million miles was 2.4. 
accidents. 

The state average for all Geor- 
gia citizens driving vehicles is 
2.6 accidents per million miles. 

' "This record, ' ' Mr. Lundy de- 
clared, ' 'is all the more remark- 
able in view of the fact that the 
4,500, 000 miles of driving during 
the last fiscal year was per formed 
ly persons ranging in age from 18 
to 65. The driving was done under 
all types of conditions and all 

types of terrain ranging from 

busy highways to rutted logging 
roads in nearly inaccessible a- 
reas, where a single wrong turn 

GotUeit- - 

{Continued Fron Page 3) 

nothing by its efforts to keep 
down forest fires and will have 
gained much, even in dollars and 
cents, through the valuable for- 
est lands saved. We fee] that 
this contest will do much toward 
convincing the citizens of Geor- 
gia of the importance of conser- 
ving their greatest natural re- 
source. ' 

Guyton DeLoach, Director of the 
Georgia Forestry Commi ss ion , empha- 
sized that this contest ' 'helped 
greatly to draw private citizens, 
civic, fraternal, agricultural 
and educational clubs together in 
the fight against wildfires.' 1 
County Bangers intensified their 
information and education cam- 
paigns during the contest period 
to lend all the impetus possible 
to the County's fire prevention 
campaign. 



NOVEMBER, 1953 

Pestixwnel 

of the wheel coulr' hangup a ve- 
hicle on a stump or send it crash- 
ing c'own the side of a mountain. 

The Commission official also 
pointed out that a total of 30 ac- 
cidents was recorded during the en- 
tire fiscal year, but in 19 of 
these 30 accidents, Conmission 
personnel were held blameless. 

The Commission requires all per- 
sonnel driving any of its 459 ve- 
hicles to carry liability insur- 
ance so that if a driver is at 
fault in an accident, the driver 
and accompanying occupants of the 
other vehicle involved will be 
paid a just anount. State law 
forbids use of state funds for 
this purpose, and the Commission 
invoked the liability insurance 
requirement to protect the public. 

Average property damage of all 
\ehicles over the entire state in- 
volved in accidents was f416 per 
accident. The Conmission average 
per vehicle was ^36. 

Frequent safety schools are 
held by the Commission throughout 
the state, and a special safety 
bulletin is published at regular 
intervals. The state Highway 
Patrol provides instruction at the 
safetv schools. 




petition were James Emberson Jr. , 
Marianne Gil lis, of Treutlen County 
of Richmond County, below. 



4-H FORESTRY CONTESTANTS- 

in the 1953 4-H forestry com- 

of Catoosa County, top photo; 

center photo, and Carl Walker, 




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GEORGIA FORESTRY 



12 IZl&fritKf 2>ay£ 

Men And Machines Conquer Wildfire 



The towering mountains and tem- 
pled hills of Georgia's northern 
rim again were the scene of ''poss- 
ible impending disaster' ' as Geor- 
gia's greatest forest fire crisis 
of this season developed to the 
highly critical stage and portended 
a possible wildfire blowup during 
the second and third weeks of No- 
vember. But the blowup was a- 
verted- - preparedness, fore- 
planning and organization had 
their reward. 

Curing the 12 day period from 
November P through 19, more than 
500 wildfires struck with savage 
fury at north Georgia woodlands, 
as parched, tinder-dry forests 
and ground cover fell easy prey to 
searing flames. An estimated 
13,500 acres burned during this 
period. 

The fire crisis had developed 
over a period of several months 
as the extended drought of last 
August carried into and through 
a warm, almost rainless Indian 
Summer and on into October that 
brought with it killing frosts 
and death to the annual greenerv. 

A backfire torch is used to 
combat forest flames on a Fulton 
County fire. 




The stage was set and curtain 
time was at hand for Operation 
Wildfire as November came in with 
its deadly combination of bone - 
like dryness, low humidity, and 
increased wind velocity. The 
situation gradually worsened as 
Commission officials, keeping a 
close watch from the Rome, Gaines- 
ville and Atlanta headquarters, 
noted an increasing fire incidence 
and extreme di fficulty in suppress- 
ing and contacting fire. A veil- 
like pall of smoke and haze hung 
over north Georgia making fire de- 
tection from towers and planes 
either very difficult or imposs- 
ible. This hazard of closeting 
smoke held its grip on north Geor- 
gia throughout the period of the 
crisis. 

Movement of emergency personnel 
and equipment to the hardest-hit 
counties of northwest Georgia be- 
gan immediately, with emergency 
units from the Macon Shop moving 
north first and being followed 
closely by personnel and heavy 
suppression equipment from the 
middle and southern districts. Mo- 
bilization was accelerated as con- 
ditions became highly critical 
and potentially explosive by No- 
vember 10th, and during the period 
November 8-19 there was assembled 
an army of firefighters and equip- 
ment numbering 325 men, 75 trucks, 
35 tractor and plow suppression 
units, four planes, and handtools 
for a thousand men. Crews working 
on a 24 hour, round-the-clock ba- 
sis were battling flames in north- 
west, northeast and western Geor- 
gia. 

Coincident with themobilization 
of fire fighting forces all poss- 
ible steps were taken to meet the 
crisis by enlisting public aid in 
the fight, intensifying law en- 
forcement, and by limiting the 
risk of woods fires through re- 
ducing numbers of persons in the 
woods. 

At the request of the Forestry 
Commission and the Game and Fish 



Commission, the ban of all hunting 
was extended to cover all 35 coun- 
ties of the Seventh, Ninth and 
Fifth Congressional Districts, by 
executive order of Governor 
Talmadge. 

Every available media was em- 
plyed to reach the public with in- 
formation on the crisis, with the 
result that hour-by-hour reports 
on the progress of the battle were 
banner headlines in the press, on 
the radio wires, and on the tele- 
vision screens, the movienewsreels, 
and the magazines pages of the 
state and nation. 

Forest law enforcement officers 
of the Commission were in action 
in strength from the start of the 
battle, both working independently 
and in cooperation with enforce- 
ment personnel of the Fish and 
Game Commission, the GBI, the 
Georgia State Patrol and local 
law officers. As the ugly spectre 
of incendiarism reared itself in 
several places, fires were care- 
fully probed, evidence assembled 
and a number of arrests were made 
in the fire-threatened districts. 

A total of seven arrests were 
made in Hall, Haralson and Floyd 
Counties during the height of the 
crisis. 

Just as the potentially explo- 
sive situation threatened to e- 
rupt in all fury during the middle 
of the second week, the combined 
weight of numbers, organization, 
equipment, and a crystallized pub- 
lic awareness of the seriousness 
of the situation, began to assert 
itself. Fire incidence dropped, 
though weather conditions were 
progressively worsening, crews 
were enabled to reach fires when 
small, and acreage losses dropped. 

As the focal point of the fire 
ravage became extreme northwest 
Georgia with mountainous Dade 
County the center of trouble- an 
advance base headquarters for 
fire fighting operations was es- 
tablished at Salem on the top of 

(Continued on Page 10) 



1-* ftV 







L Charles Tillman, left, Fifth District inves- 
tigator, and James D. Morris, Laurens County 
patrolman, follow Orville M. Gilbreath, tractor 
driver for the Dade County Forestry Unit, as 
they suppress a fire on Lookout Mountain. 

2. J. W. Roberts, left. Bulloch County Ranger, 
helps a Lookout Mountain landowner clear a 
firebreak. 

3. Frank Craven, right, Asst District Forester, 
District 7, points out the site of a Lookout 
Mountain forest fire to L. L. Lundy, Asst. Fire 
Control Chief, Georgia Forestry Commission. 

4. A powerful bulldozer clears a firebreak on 
west slope of Sand Mountain in Dade County . 







fjmf 



Workers gather seedlings after they have been lifted from the 
ground by machine at a Georgia Forestry Commission nursery. 



Record Seedling 

Crop Moves To 
Landowners 

Georgia landowners early in No- 
vember began receiving their first 
shipments of an estimated 100, 000 , 
000 seedlings that are being lift- 
ed and shipped to every county in 
the state by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission's four nurseries. 



Lifting operations began last 
month at Hightower, Davisboro, 
Herty, and Horseshoe Bend nurseries 
and seedlings are being removed 
from beds as rapidly as orders 
can be assembled and shipped. New 
grading tables and accessory e- 
quipment were rushed to comple- 
tion at the Horseshoe Bend nur- 
sery in time to begin seedling 
shipments. 

Mr. A. Lamar Matthews, of Fay- 
etteville, received the first 
shipment of seedlings from High- 
tower Nursery on November 12. Mr. 
A. F. Morrow, of Butler, received 
the first from Herty Nursery on 
November 13, Mrs. E. G. Weathers , 
of Millen, received the first 
from Davisboro Nursery on Novem- 
ber 13; and Mr. James W. Brannen, 
of Claxton, received the first 
shipment from Horseshoe Bend 
Nursery on November 16. 



Annual ABAC 
Short Course 



Various phases of forest manage- 
ment and marketing held the spot- 
light as more than 100 landowners, 
foresters and industry represen- 
tatives attended the annual fores- 
try short course held at Abraham 
Baldwin Agricultural College in 
early November. 

Following a welcome by President 
George P. Donaldson, Holt Walton, 
outstanding landowner of Cordele, 
opened the morning session with a 
description of some of the princi- 
ples and practices he has derived 
from 1°- years of timber management 
and tree planting. Mr. Walton 
stressed particularly the impor- 
tance of labor management and 
transportation in timber manage- 
ment. ''Labor and transportation 
are two high priced factors with 
which we are dealing in harvesting 
and shipping wood - a low priced 
commodity. 

' 'The Place of Grazing in the 
Forest Management Program' ' was 
the subject of comments by Lowell 
Hall, Banger Conservationist, U. 
S. D. A., Tifton, and Dorsey Dyer, 
Extension Forester, Athens, pre- 
sented facts and figures on the 
' 'Outlook, Drain, Growth and Ex- 
pected Use of the Forests in the 
I ower Hal f of Georgia. ' 
(Continued on Page 10) 



Two Million Seedlings 
Are Planted To Mark 
Tree Appreciation Day 

Nearly 2,000,000 forest tree 
seedlings were planted by Georgia 
school children earlier this month 
in a statewide ' 'Tree Appreciation 
Day' ' in which 4-H boys and girls 
played the leading role. 

Sponsored by the 4-H youth in an 
effort to bring the message of 
good forestry to their fellow 
citizens and to help the Georgia 
Forestry Commission in its ex- 
tensive reforestation program, the 
special planting day had the en- 
dorsement and cooperation of sev- 
eral statewide groups and organ- 
izations. 

The project was organized under 
the leadership of the Georgia 
Agricultural Extension Service 
with cooperating organizations 
including the Georgia Federation 
of Women's Clubs, the Garden 
Clubs of Georgia, the Georgia 
Bankers Association, the Georgia 
Association of School Boards, 
County School Superintendents, 
and the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission. 

Commission seedlings were pur- 
chased by Georgia banks and were 
furnished from Georgia Forestry 
Commission nurseries. 



SAF Meeting 
Scheduled 

The Annual Meeting of the 
Southeastern Section of the 
Society of American Foresters 
will be held in Thomasville, 
January 29-30, 1^54, according 
to an announcement by A. E. 
Patterson, Section Chairman. 

Meeting headquarters will be 
at the Scott Hotel, with a tech- 
nical forestry program planned 
for Friday afternoon and Satur- 
day morning. The banquet will 
be on Friday night. Ladies are 
invited, and a program for them 
is being arranged. 



Dodge Celebrates 
"Keep Green" 



Green was the color motif of 
the day and festivity filled the 
air as Dodge County celebrated 
its second annual ' 'Keep Dodge 
County Green' ' day on November 6. 

The highlight of the gala day 
was the colorful parade of for- 
estry floats bedecked with love- 
ly ladies. Led by the Eastman 
High School Band, the floats 
showing the many phases of for- 
estry practices wound through 
Eastman's pine-decorated avenues 
to the tune of lively marches. 

Schools throughout the County 
entered floats in the parade com- 
petitions, in addition to many 
commercial floats and private 
displays included in the entourage. 

The parade came to a halt at the 
Legion Field Pall Park where Pres- 
ton Stamps, Chairman of the Keep 
Dodge County Green Council gave 
a welcoming address to the group. 

Carter Martin, Dodge County A- 
gent and master of ceremonies, 
introduced speakers, guests and 
judges. Wendell Giddens, a 4-H 
Club boy, spoke on ' 'What Fores - 
try in Dodge County Means To Me. ' ' 

Following the introduction of 
' 'Miss Gum Spirits of Turpentine, " 
Miss Marybeth Harrell of Eastman, 
A. Pay Shirley, Secretary of the 
American Turpentine Farmers Asso- 
ciation, substituted as principal 
speaker for Governor Talmadge who 
was unavoidably absent. 

Shirley congratulated Dodge 
Countians on the ' ' the progress 
they have made in forestry' ' and 
stated that ''Georgia is one of 
the top states in the Union in the 
amount of income and. the number 
of persons employed in forestry 
and the forest industries. ' 

Awarding of prizes for winning 
parade floats climaxed the day's 
events with first prize among the 
white schools going to Rhine High 
School and the Eastman Seniors 
winning second place. Winners a- 
mong the colored floats were 
Chauncey and Lisbon. 




1. FIRST PLACE WINNER. "For- 
estry product^' and pretty girls 
were featured as Rhine High 
School's float captured first 
prize. 



2. A. R. SHIRLEY, SECRETARY, AT- 
FA, Valdosta, delivers the prin- 
cipal address of the Keep Georgia 
Green Festival. 



3. THE HORN OF FOREST PLENTY was 
an outstanding parade float. 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



M 



A Qamily A^cUa. 



n 



Charcoal Production Finances Stand 
Improvement On Talbrion Tree Farm 



One of the newest wrinkles in 
solving the hardwood problem is 
leing demonstrated on one of 
Georgia's pioneer Tree Farms 
located near Geneva on the Tal- 
bot Marion County line in south- 
west Georgi a. 

Here one of the state's model 
Tree Farms is being constantly 
improved as pine hardwood for- 
ests are converted to pure pine 
stands with the removal of cull 
hardwoods, and the novel feature 
is that the operation is being 
financed through the production 
of charcoal from the hardwoods. 

The Talbrion Tret Farm, as it 
is aptly named for its location, 
is strictly a family affair. 
Owned and operated as a partner- 
ship by '' senior partner' ' J.W. 
Smith, l?s two sons W. A. and W.K. 
Smith and his daughter Mrs. 
Averil Smith Anthony, the hold- 
ings embody 2297 acres with 
2247 acres in trees. First 
certified in 1949 the Talbrion 
Tree Farm actually began oper- 
ation in 1946, and since that 
time the Smiths have planted 
more than 140,000 Slash, Lob- 



lolly pro Longleaf pines, and 
equipment for fire suppression, 
firebreaks and equipment for 
for fire suppression, as well 
as working closely with the Tal- 
bot ant 1 Marion County Forestry 
Units. They have cut select- 
ively throughout the history of 
the man age n on t of tltir wood- 
lands, and have established a 
reputation for good cutting me- 
thods which has enabled them to 
expand their harvesting oper- 
ations into forestlandso f othei 
owners. 

Blackjack Oak and other scrub 
species, aJcr^vitl some hickory, 
is used for charcoal production. 
When the hardwoods are removed 
in the improvement thinnings, 
the wood is cut into four- foot 
lengths, and trucked to the 
charcoal kilns. Spot planting 
is done on some of the openings 
rii:de by the removal of the hfcrd- 
wootls, while natural regener- 
ation from the standing pines 
serves to restock many of the 
areas. The wood is piled teepee 
fashion and each of the four 
kilns is lowered over a pile. 



Each kiln holds about one- half 
a cord of wood. Operation and 
movement of the heavy steel 
kilns is made rapid and easy by 
use of a home-invented and home- 
manufactured boom, controlled 
by means of a truck steering ap- 
paratus oonverted for the pur- 
pose. Kindling and fuel oil are 
used to ignite the charges of 
wood. The fire isstartedat the 
bottom of the pile and is allowed 
to gain headway before the cap 
is placed on the top of the kiln 
and the air vent holes on the 
bottom periphery of the kilrs are 
closed by piling dirt. Approx- 
imately four full days is re- 
quired to complete the ''run'' 
on each charge, - two days to 
complete the burning and two 
days to cool. Final output is 
about one ton of charcoal from 
two cords of wood. The Tal- 
brion Charcoal" is sold in bags 
or in bulk with the principal 
market being commercial barbe- 
cue entrepreneurs. 

This forestry enterprise al- 
so comprises a full-scale .versa- 
tile diversi fied program of wood 



NEWEST PRODUCT of the Talbrion Tree Farm are 
thread winders made from cull hardwoods in the 
Smiths' complete woodworking shop. Below, Talbot 
County Forest Ranger Curtis Wiggins admires the 
precision- made winders as Smith shows a set. 



W. A. SMITH, JR. , below, proudly shows the 
attractive Tree Farm sign mounted on Highway 41 
in front of pine plantations. 





THREE- FOOT HARDWOOD BOLTS are cut in the woods and 
trucked to the charcoal kilns. (upper left photo) 

AIR VENTS at the bottom of the kilns are left open 
until the fires gain headway and are then covered 
with earth, (upper right photo) 



utilization. A partial list of 
products sold for years from the 
forest includes lumber( their 
diesel -powered mill cuts P,000 
feet per day) poles and piling, 
pulpwood, fuelwood, posts and 
veneer bolts. Not content with 
their recent expansion into the 
field of utilization of scrub 
hardwood for charcoal, the 
Smith's have even more recently 
entered into the manufacture of 



a finished forest product from 
hardwoods removed in their im- 
provement thinnings. They have 
just contracted with aTalbotton 
textile mill to provide a large 
order of thread winders, which 
they are manufacturing them- 
selves to exact specifications 
on theirownlathe. Hickery ta- 
ken from their pine-hardwood 
forests is being utilized for 
the winders. 



Their complete woodworking 
and metal working shop is con- 
sidered standard equipment in 
the highly organized operation 
of this Tree Farm, and is the 
particular favorite of the el- 
dest of the ''Smith boys,'' who 
is an expert machinist and 
maintains high operating effi- 
ciency on the many pieces of e- 
quipment used to plant, grow, 
harvest and sell trees. 



SAWMILLING is a big part of the Talbrion Tree 
Farm story. These large dock timbers (lower left 
photo) bring a premium price. 

SMITH and Forest Ranger Wiggins (lower right 
photo) admire some of the fast-growing planted 
Slash pines that cover many Talbrion Tree Farm 
acres. 





d | 




GEORGIA FORESTRY 



*^ 




I 






WATER for thirsty seedlings muses 
Murphy (above) as he opens a sec- 
tion of the irrigation system. 
Murphy (below) points out areas 
of red spider attacks as Her ty em- 
ployee sprays to eradicate insects. 



i.l in l^ ~***" fcMfc "**™**** 




"Dean Off Southern Forest Tree Nurserymen" 

Herty Superintendent 
Began Job 20 Years Ago 



This month, as the ship) ing 
season for Georgia's record 
breaking crop of 100,000,000 
forest tree seedlings gets into 
full swing, tribute will be paid 
to the man who helped make the 
record possible M. F. Mur- 
phy, who two decades ago this 
December began a career with the 
Georgia Forestry Corrmission 
which was to mate rim known as 
''the dean of Southern forest 
tree nurserymen. 

Mr. Murphy actually began his 
caieer experience in nursery 
work at the age of 12 as under- 
study to his father, who pro- 
duced fruit and ornamental 
trees at Fayettevil !e, ( eorgia. 
Following lis father's death he 
operated a store for two years 
before the call of the ' 'green 
thumb'' once again prevailed and 
he returned to take charge of 
his father's nursery. Here he 
stayed until 1933, when he came 
to the Herty Nursery at the of- 
fer of B.M. Lufburrow, Georgia's 
first state fo] ester. 

There at the Herty Nursery, 
which was then ' "in the country 
on the Albany-Newton Poad, ' ' but 
which is now almost on the out- 
skirts of Albany, on a bleak 
Saturday afternoon on lie first 
day of December twenty years a- 
go, Mr. Murphy began the phase 
of his career which had made 
him one of the leading, on the 
ground authorities, in nursery 
practice and techniques, and 
has experted a pronounced influ- 
ence omforestry throughout the 
South. He is the oldest employee 
of the Forestry Commission, in 
point of years of service. His 
millions of growing pines - many 
o f which are today being turned 

into pulp in the state's mills - 
stand as living memorials to his 
devotion and handiwork. More 
than 250 million of these young 
trees have been grown and shipped 
to landowners under his watchful 
eye. 



When the tree-raising team of 
Mr. and Mrs. Murphy first arrived 
at Herty they found the state's 
only nursery covering a total 
area of iVi acres and supporting 
a crop of POO, 000 trees. Today 
the nursery stretches over 63 
acres and grows 22 million seed- 
lings a year. They found only 
two buildings - the pump house 
and a small packing shed. Since 
that time he has supervised con- 
struction of a residence which 
he and his family occupied in 
1934, a new and greatly enlarged 
packing shed and office, a stor- 
age shed, two large equipment 
sheds, and two new wells with 
modern, high capacity pumps. The 
irrigation system, originally 
covering two acres, now mechan- 
ically sprinkles the entire 63 
acres. In 1933 he employed three 
men full time, and 15 on rush 
days. This year his average force 
numbers 16 men and women employ- 
ees and during the shipping sea- 
son 53 persons will be required 
to lift, grade and ship seedlings. 
One of his prime countinous en- 
deavors has been to increase the 
production of healthy seedlings 
per unit area, and in this he 
has been eminently successful . 
He is now producing twice as 
many seedlings per block as ten 
years ago and has realized his 
objective of reaching a produc- 
tion of one million trees per 
acre. 

Visitors from far and wide 
trek to the Herty Nursery to ob- 
serve Mr. Murphy's techniques 
and get the benefit of his seem- 
ingly infinite knowledge of tree- 
growing methods. He has receiv- 
ed visitors from nearly every 
state in the Union and from many 
foreign countries. Internation- 
ally known authorities on nur- 
sery practice often seek his 
consultation when assembling 
information for publication. 

Murphy speaks with interse 
and well-founded pride as he re- 




"TOP QUALITY PLANTING STOCK," says Murphy as he closely inspects 
trees in one bed of the nursery. (upper left photo) 

THE TRAINED EYE of the master nurseryman scrutinizes the seedlings 
as Murphy envisions these millions of little trees as future pulp- 
wood and sawlogs. (upper right photo) 

NURSERY PANORAMA- -Acres of fully-stocked seedling beds stretch 
almost to the horizon, (bottom photo) 




lates his many experiences down 
through tie years. He calls this 
year' s standof seedlings ''the 
nearest perfect crop T ever have 
seen - a crop I've been working 
twenty years to produce,'' and 
looks upon this twentieth an- 
niversary production of seed- 
lings "a la Murphy" as a fit- 
ting climax to "The 20 years 
that have been the best and most 
enjoyaLle of my entire life.' 
Mrs. Murphy beams as she shows 
the equal pride she justifiably 
holds in the progress at Herty - 
progress ir which as a guiding 
hand beside her husband she has 
had a big part. ' 'We don't even 
have time to go fishing", they 
both say, ''even though we hold 

lifetime hunting and fishing 
licenses as gi fts of the state. 

Several experiences stand out 
in furphy ' s memory as of speci al 
significance in the advancement 
of his methods, but outstanding 
among these is one which changed 
his entire procedure in prepar- 
ing seed for planting. He had 
some seed in cold storage in an 
ice plant which burned on a Fri- 
day. Smoke, fumes and fire dam- 
age prevented him fromobtaining 
the barrel of seed until the fol- 
lowing Monday. At that time he 
found the barrel and seed was 
completely covered with water. 

(Continued on Page 10) 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 



Rangers In The News 



Polk County Forest Ranger James 
Carter reports answering a call 
to three fires simultaneously at 
Felton, where his unit saved two 
store buildings and one house. 

One store building was burning 
when the unit arrived on the scene, 
Carter said, and the house and 
other building blazed up upon his 
arrival. 

The unit put the fires out with 
a portable water pump mounted on 
the Forestry unit's pickup truck. 
The fire was under control when 
the fire department fromBuchannan 
arrived on the scene, Carter said. 




The Bank of Screven County has 
recently purchased a mechanical 
tree planter to be made available 
to Screven County farmers for re- 
forestation purposes. The tree 
planter has been turned over to 
the Screven County Forestry Unit 
for management . 

John A. Mills, Jr. , bank pres- 
ident, said, ' 'The bank has pur- 
chased this machine because of 
its realization of the need for 
expanding our forest lands and 
to assist farmers in setting seed- 
lings with a minimum of difficulty. 
This program has the endorsement 
of all the agricultural agencies 
in the county and these agencies 
will assist any farmer in prepar- 
ing his forest management program. ' ' 




FIRE WARDEN SIGNS GO UP- -Craw- 
ford County Ranger J. II. Rigdon 
points out one of the many signs 
being erected in his county to 
mark the locations of volunteer 
f i re wardens. 



Ben Hill County Forestry Ranger 
J. C. Bowen has come up with a novel 
idea to arouse public interest in 
forestry. In his weekly Fitzgerald 
Herald news column, he wrote a 
short quiz to test the forestry 
knowledge of the general public. 
Mr. Bowen reports that his quiz 
seems to have been well read and 
that public response was very good. 




Leon Ray, Emanuel County Forest 
Ranger, has been named co-chair- 
man of the 19S3-54 Keep Georgia 
Green Contest in Emanuel County. 
This year's contest will be under 
the sponsorship of the Emanuel 
County Pine Tree Festival which 
is held annually for the purpose 
of giving Emanuel County citizens 
a better understanding and appre- 
ciation of the Pine tree and the 
part it plays toward the advance- 
ment of the county. 



GEORGIA FORESTRY 

Vol. 6 December, 1953 No. 12 

Published Monthly 

by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION, 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

G. Philip Morgan, Chairman Savannah 

John M. McElrath Macon K. S. Varn Waycross 

C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 

DISTRICT OFFICES, GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION: 

DISTRICT I— Route 2, DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 

Statesboro Milledgeville 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, DISTRICT VII— Route 1, 

Camilla Rome 

DISTRICT III— P. O. Box 169, DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

Americus Waycross 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

Newnan Gainesville 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 

McRae Washington 



'-'•"• v - i 




Zack Seymour, Assistant District Forester, District 4, rakes a 
line, above, to halt flames on a Fulton County forest fire. 



Men, Machines- Herty Superintendent 



(Continued from Page 1) 

lookout Mountain. Here was the 
nerve center of operations in this 
district with fire crews being 
dispatched from this point. 

Meanwhile in the Gainesville 
and Newnan Districts, the fire 
problem was simultaneously gain - 
ing momentum and numerous blazes 
were being fought, with operations 
hampered by a similar pall- of smoke 
and haze. Though fire occurrence 
reached a high point in these a- 
reas, the regular personnel and 
equipment were able to meet the 
situation and acreage losses were 
held to a minimum in protected 
counties. In the three unpro- 
tected counties of White, Banks 
and Dawson counties, racing fires 
cut down thousands of acres of wood- 
lands and threatened surrounding 
protected counties. Crews fought 
56 fires that burned 7P5 acres in 
the Gainesville District and 107 
fires that burned 1100 acres in 
the Newnan district in 12 days. 

At the same time weathermen pre- 
dicted increased wind velocities 
with ''no rain in sight'' for the 
next several days. Firefighters 
battled on and blazes in the state 
were decreased steadily, but the 
danger of a fire ''blowup'' still 
remained. After more days of fight- 
ing, all fires were out late in 
the evening of November 19, with 
a chance of scattered showers fore- 
cast for the late afternoon of 
Friday, November 20. On that day, 
a drenching rain finally came. The 
danger was over, the fires were 
out. Emergency crews and equip- 
ment were moved out of the area. 
"Operation Wildfire'' - in its 
first test of the year-was history. 



(Continued from Page 8) 



Common practice at that time 
was for seed to be kept complete- 
ly dry until planted, with the 
result that about six weeks was 
required for germination. Know- 
ing he could not afford to lose 
the seed which were wet from 
the fire, he immediately planted 
the wet seeds as a desparate 
resort. 

Within 10 days he had full 
germination of the seed which 
had been soaked and an excellent 
stand begun in these particular 
beds. Seed which had been pre- 
viously planted dry did not ger- 
minate until several weeks later. 
From that time he has been strat- 
ifying all seed by soaking in 
water overnight, and as a re- 
sult has greatly reduced the 
period required for germination. 

Ke has also pioneered in sev- 
eral other phases of nursery 
operation. In 1938 he carried 
on weed control by spraying -one 
of the first times this was done 
on a major scale. This reduced 
his weeding crew from more than 
TOO to about 12 persons. He has 
kept a seed record since 1934, 
when he first started collecting 
seed, and has successfully stor- 
ed seed as long as nine years. 
He now is carrying on a project 
in establishment of seed tree 
orchards from which he hopes to 
procure superior, disease— re- 
sistant pines. He plants seed 
from selected trees to obtain 
seed from which superior trees 
can be grown. 



Bi 1 1 Mo r ray , Managemen t Fo res t- 
er, District 6, uses a back pump 
to suppress a Rising Fawn fire. 

A£AG Gown*- 

(Continued from Page 3) 

Speakers on the afternoon's 
program included J. D. Strange, 
U. S. D. A. Forest Service, who 
covered ' 'New Practices and Assis- 
tance Available to Farmers Through 
Area Foresters, ' ' Dr. W. A. Camp- 
bell, School of Forestry, Univer- 
sity of Georgia, who spoke on ' ' In- 
sect and Disease Control of Shade 
Trees'', and A. R. Shirley, Sec- 
retary, ATFA, Valdosta, who in dis- 
cussing ' 'What Is New In Market- 
ing of Naval Stores' ' predicted 
that within the next ten years 
more and more big timberland own- 
ers would make their stands avail- 
able for working for naval stores . ' ' 

The closing phase of the short 
course was devoted to demonstra- 
tions of forestry practices held 
indoors due to the inclement wea- 
ther. E. 0. Powers, Area Fores- 
ter, N S C PTifton, and Dyer show- 
ed advanced naval stores prac- 
tices; Frank Bennett, I Research 
Forester, Cor dele and John Har- 
rison, Ranger, Tifton, demonstra- 
ted hardwood killing; J. F. Spiers, 
Forester, Central of Georgia Rail- 
road, Statesboro, and Mitchell 
Parker, International Paper Co. , 
Panama City, Fla. , explained pulp- 
wood practices, and Carlos McLeod, 
Asst. District Forester, Bain- 
bridge, gave a tree plan ting demon- 
stration. 




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